Saul is critically wounded, and pleads for a nearby Israelite soldier to kill him, afraid of torture or molestation if he is found alive. One day, the Philistines and the Israelites were at war; however, the two war parties were on either side of a valley, taunting each other. If David was unwilling to hurt God’s anointed, why would anyone think that he would be alright with King Saul’s assassination? Additionally, survey data compiled by Avi Ofer in 1994 CE that suggest a doubling of 11th-Century BCE Judean population (particularly in Northern Israel),  and potential Jebusite fortresses that were discovered in excavations directed by Yigal Shiloh (1978-1985 CE) - both of which are discussed in the Old Testament - lend credence to the notion that David and the Kingdom of Israel were part of the region's historical and cultural existence. But David's prominence in Scripture is primarily due to his relationship with God. Eventually, though, David’s forces clash with Absalom’s forces, and as he flees, “Absalom’s hair got caught in the tree” (v. 18:9). No doubt he was thinking of the goodness of the Lord to him. She gave birth to a son, and they named him Solomon” (v. 12:24). Rather than insist that an older, more experienced officer (or even himself) go out to defend God and Israel against Goliath, King Saul endorses David’s wishes. David steps into the trap the Lord has laid for him and states, “As surely as the Lord lives, the man who did this must die! John and Ally serve as leaders in Re-Engage at Watermark Community Church, Dallas, Texas. Last modified October 18, 2017. David was more than just a musician; he had the heart of a warrior and a set of shepherding skills on the masters’ level, especially when it came to the use of the sling. Ally has been married to John for 30 years and they have five children. (I Samuel 17:34-35). Not only was David an adulterer, he also was a murderer and an ungrateful king who abused his position to please his loins and protect his renown. Strange as it may seem, those who first accept the silence of obscurity are best qualified to handle the applause of popularity.” (Chuck Swindoll), Chuck Swindoll describes one of God’s favorite methods of training as monotony: “That’s being faithful in the menial, insignificant, routine, regular, unexciting, uneventful, daily tasks of life. He was a man after God’s own heart. King David is one of the most well-known figures in Jewish history. He is known both as a great fighter and as the "sweet singer of … In bitter envy, Saul tries to kill David, whom he now sees as the enemy instead of a loyal servant. The LORD said to Samuel, 'Listen to the voice of the people in regard to all that they say to you, for they have not rejected you, for they have rejected Me from being king over them. David was anointed as king while Saul was still on the throne. Samuel, who has been so depressed over King Saul, finds hope and blessing in the young shepherd from Bethlehem in Judea. Nathan immediately pronounces judgment upon David, crying out, “You are the man!” (v. 12:7). You come against me with sword and spear and javelin, but I come against you in the name of the Lord Almighty, the God of the armies of Israel, whom you have defied. from the beginning actions narrated in the New Testament (ca. Everywhere Saul sent him, he prospered. First, he was the great Torah scholar. “Samuel said to Saul, ‘You have acted foolishly; you have not kept the commandment of the Lord your God, which He commanded you, for now the Lord would have established your kingdom over Israel forever. And the LORD said, ‘Arise, anoint him; for this is he.’” (I Samuel 16:11b-12), “Then Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the midst of his brothers; and the Spirit of the LORD came mightily upon David from that day forward. In consideration of David’s frequent success and amazing skills in his service, King Saul promoted David, who continued to amaze his men and all Israel. The whole of Israel mourns, though, at the death of Samuel, and Saul, knowing that sorcery and witchcraft is forbidden by the Law, goes to Endor to conjure up Saul. Seeing the youngest of Israel so easily dispatch their strongest warrior sent terror through the entire Philistine army and they fled. God displays why He chose David over his more impressive brothers. License. The book ends with David enjoying more and more success on the battlefield and in his domestic life, but for Saul and his family, the tide will turn and run red at their last battle with the Philistines at Mount Gilboa. Nathan the prophet rebuked David severely. With Samuel’s original blessing, David becomes the first king of Judah, but immediately launches into a seven-year civil war with King Saul’s son, Ish-Bosheth, that does not end until Saul’s son is assassinated in his bed by two Benjamites, the last tribe of Judah and descendants of Jacob the Patriarch. 30:9, Ezek. When he grew older, Saul sought to take David… The appellation “son of Jesse” served as a synonym for David both at Saul’s court and, subsequently, when David became king. King David. This city which resides in ancient Palestine comes from the Hebrew word “Yerushalayim” meaning, “foundation of peace,” or the base (yarah) of peace (shalom). To the masses he was a hero. As Absalom’s conspiracy and its support grows, David flees from the forces of Absalom, not wanting to kill his son. Rather than the noble and virtuous warrior of the Lord, now David has become as bad if not worse than murderous Saul. He started out strong. (I Samuel 18:7) He turned against David. 10 Times Jesus Showed Up in the Old Testament and What They Reveal, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Why Is He Important? He had a deep desire to follow God’s will and do “everything” God wanted him to do. After David was anointed, 1 Samuel 16:13 states, “and from that day on the Spirit of the Lord came powerfully upon David.”, The news for King Saul, however, is not at all positive. Article Images Copyright ©. Later, he buries Ish-Bosheth’s head, properly and respectfully in Abner’s tomb (Abner was Saul's cousin and commander-in-chief of his army). King David & Solomonby Unknown Artist (Public Domain). His decision was bad judgment on his part and set the stage for his devastating fall into iniquity. David was everything for everybody. God was preparing him to serve a king. There is so much that can be said about him. Saul’s madness still rages inside him, sadly, and continues to pursue David who, in another moment of opportunity, spares Saul’s life. David thereafter offers a memorial to Saul and Jonathan. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Although feminists claim that David forced Bathsheba, and traditionalists claim that Bathsheba seduced David, the truth is more one of mutual culpability except, perhaps, that as king and the model for the Law of God, David had a higher obligation to protect and not exploit Bathsheba. Eventually, the Prophet Nathan joined the two, and King David officially made Solomon his heir apparent. Why King David is one of the Bible’s most compelling characters. Stunned, David is also met with news from an Amalekite (a descendant of Esau, son of Isaac the Patriarch) that the man killed Saul, taking his crown and armband for David. 1 Samuel 16:23 states, “Whenever the spirit from God came on Saul, David would take up his lyre and play. In total, David would rule for 40 years as king, serving as the Lord’s anointed. Why does David seem to be the most important king of Israel in the Bible, rather than Solomon? Tamar comes over to help her brother (Amnon) who pretends to be sick, and when she gets close, he grabs her and molests her. And Samuel prayed to the LORD. He pursued David for the rest of his life. '” (I Samuel 8:6-7, emphasis added). After some wardrobe changes (eventually donning his normal garb), David selects five river stones for ammunition and sets out to face his giant enemy. It became a standard poetic metaphor in the Bible. David’s life was a portrait of success and failure, and the biblical record highlights the fact that David was far from perfect. Scholars have long noted that David’s hopes for his enemies was for them either to be removed or to repent. And for good reason. The text does not lay the blame on any one person (somewhat like the Fall in Genesis); however, as bad as things are for the adulterous couple, it is only going to get worse. David had been shuffled off to his father’s fields to work as a shepherd boy. King David is one of the most important figures in Jewish history. David’s father had sent him off to the fields to watch over the family flock. Second, Bathsheba mourns for Uriah - there is nothing said about this being a unified plan. But what made David a cut above the rest was that his heart was pointed toward God. And he was a truly righteous person. Saul, the people’s choice, was chosen to be king. You son of a perverse and rebellious woman! 1 Samuel 18:2–3 states, “From that day Saul kept David with him and did not let him return home to his family.”. King David, the Administrator. After inquiring, Samuel finds out that Jesse has one more son, his youngest, who is tending sheep. John S. Knox, PhD in Theology & Religion (University of Birmingham, UK), is Associate Professor of Psychology & an online instructor of Apologetics & Seminary Studies at Liberty University. David’s plans soon begin to backfire upon him. Related Content In his youth, as a shepherd, he had fought wild animals to protect his flock. In Psalm 51 David is repenting over a massive sin he committed with Bathsheba. Even as a young man, he was given the responsibility of protecting the family's herd of sheep. When he heard the women dancing in the streets singing, “Saul has slain his thousands, And David his ten thousands,” Saul became very angry. “Speak truth to power” originates with David. Slowly and over time, they had fallen away from the LORD. The leaders wanted a king like the other nations. Based on his appearance, he thought surely this is the LORD’s choice. 37:24). '” (2 Samuel 12:13), Sadly, David and Bathsheba lost the child that she bore to David. After all, Saul tried to kill David several times. (I Samuel 18). This led to an attempted coup by his son, Adonijah (whose mother was Haggith, David’s fifth wife), who proclaimed himself to be king with the assistance of General Joab and Abiathar the Priest; however, the majority of Israel’s institutional agents did not support Adonijah’s claim. God is so wonderful that u have to praise & worship him in ridiculous or madness way weather is in public or privite u have to done it because he deserve it . The kingship of David described in 2 Samuel 2 is just as exciting and dramatic as his period running away from King Saul. See that there is nothing in my hand to indicate that I am guilty of wrongdoing or rebellion. The book of 2 Samuel begins with David hearing the news that his best friend and God’s anointed king have been slaughtered by the Philistines. “O God, You are my God; I shall seek You earnestly; My soul thirsts for You, my flesh yearns for You, In a dry and weary land where there is no water. Although David does not look like a king should look, he has the heart of a lion - a courageous spirit - and even more, a deep, unending love for God. The Old Testament Prophet Samuel (c. 1200–1050 BCE) is sent to Jesse of Bethlehem (a common farmer and shepherd) to anoint one of his sons as the new king - while Israel's first king, Saul (c. 1080–1010 BCE), is still living but failing in his duties to follow Samuel's instructions and rebelling against the authority/commandments of God. Jonathan tries to downplay David’s fears, but when Jonathan goes to his father to reassure him that David is his loyal servant, King Saul lashes out at Jonathan, calling him. King David established Jerusalem as Israel's capital over 3,000 years ago. Did you know that more has been written about David than any other biblical character? In the Hebrew scriptures, 1 Samuel 16 introduces readers to a young man who will capture not only the heart of the nation of Israel, but also the heart of God. David was king, and his land was at peace. David was “a skillful musician, a mighty man of valor, a warrior, one prudent in speech, a handsome man,” and the LORD was with him. “But the LORD said to Samuel, ‘Do not look at his appearance or at the height of his stature, because I have rejected him; for God sees not as man sees, for man looks at the outward appearance, but the LORD looks at the heart.’” (I Samuel 16:7, emphasis added). David was the first king in Jerusalem whose reign was later looked back on as a golden era. This day the Lord will deliver you into my hands, and I’ll strike you down and cut off your head. Just dull, plain L-I-F-E. Just constant, unchanging, endless hours of tired monotony as you learn to be a man or woman of God…with nobody else around, when nobody else notices, when nobody even cares. As a young man, David was a shepherd. However, God had taken him through a grueling regime to prepare him to be king. First, poor Uriah gets killed. That doesn’t include fifty-nine references to him in the New Testament. We also see from the many Psalms that David was a talented musician and a songwriter. “Then David came to Saul and attended him; and Saul loved him greatly, and he became his armor bearer.” (I Samuel 16:21), Whenever the evil spirit from God overwhelmed Saul, David would play his harp and Saul would calm down and be refreshed, and the evil spirit would leave Saul alone. Jerusalem means “king” (jeru) of “peace” (shalom), but it has been anything but a city of peace. Rather than be bitter or hate God, David got up and “he went into the house of the Lord and worshipped” (v. 12:20). Please support Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation. Eventually, David goes to his best friend, Jonathan, who is also King Saul’s eldest son, for help. He came to the home of Jesse. “Then it happened in the spring, at the time when kings go out to battle…But David stayed in Jerusalem.” (2 Samuel 11:1). As for indirect evidence, under excavations directed by Yosef Garfinkel in 2012 CE, a Canaanite inscription of "Eshba'al Ben Beda," King David's enemy (and King Saul's son who reigned for two years) also known as "Ish-Bosheth" in many biblical translations (2 Samuel 3, 4) was found inside pottery shards from an ancient jug dated to the 10th century BCE. Adapted from God in the Details: A Biblical Survey of the Hebrew and Greek Scriptures (Kendall-Hunt, 2017). Thus, the arrangement of a marriage between Saul's daughter Michal and David is more about Saul's desire to ensnare or ultimately assassinate David than a holy union, ironically. He was anointed by Samuel to be king of Israel. This site is a proud member of the Salem Web Network, a subsidiary of, Copyright © 2020, Crosswalk.com. It started with David’s adulterous affair with Bathsheba, … Following Saul’s death, David was appointed king of Judah for seven years before becoming king of all Israel. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. “Now the Spirit of the Lord departed from Saul, and an evil spirit from the Lord terrorized him.” (I Samuel 16:14). As I said, this city has been anything but a city of peace. Once King Saul realized what has just happened, he weeps bitterly, finally self-aware that he has been unrighteous, blood-thirsty, and ungodly, whereas David has properly and mercifully showed himself to be worthy of being Israel’s next king. 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