An Example of Intentional Late Prehistoric Dental Mutilation from Middle Tennessee by William O. Autry, Hopewell Culture National Historical Park, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mound_Bottom&oldid=895111812, Protected areas of Cheatham County, Tennessee, Archaeological sites on the National Register of Historic Places in Tennessee, National Register of Historic Places in Cheatham County, Tennessee, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 May 2019, at 02:15. The site core includes at least 12 earthen mounds oriented around a 7-acre plaza within a meander bend of the Harpeth River. Mound Bottom (State Archaeological Area) (Harpeth River State Park) (1100 - 1400), near Shacklett A Mississippian Culture palisaded town and 14-mound complex on the west bank of the Harpeth River, opposite Mound Creek. Major occupations at Mound Bottom ended by around 1350 CE, at a time when the Middle Cumberland region witnessed an overall decentralization of political authority. The ten-acre site is home to the Temple Mound and the Prine Burial Mound. Cox excavated at least 70 graves and tested nine mounds No report on those excavations was published. Mound Bottom is under the management of Harpeth River State Park: Harpeth River State Park Harpeth River State Park brochure in pdf format. The Harpeth surrounds Mound Bottom on the north, south, and east, while the entry to the bend from the west is marked by rocky uplands. Mound Key Archaeological State Park is an archaeological island managed directly by Koreshan State Historic Site. Shortly after this point, population in the Middle Cumberland region of Tennessee seems to decline rapidly, and Mississippian occupations largely vanish from the area by 1425 CE. Mound Bottom is a prehistoric Native American complex in Cheatham County, Tennessee, located in the Southeastern United States. The Tennessee Division of Archaeology dispatched Carl Kuttruff and Michael O'Brien to conduct excavations at Mound Bottom in 1974 and 1975. First surveyed in 1804. The Adena are credited with being the first group of Mound Builders in North America, having emerged at about 1000 B.C. Both Mound Bottom and Pack appear to have been initially established early in the Mississippian period (ca. Although it saw occasional small-scale reuse after that time, Mound Bottom would never again be intensively occupied. The meander bend containing the Mound Bottom site was farmed for nearly a century prior to its purchase by the State of Tennessee, and as a result historic plowing has altered the original size and shape of the mounds surrounding the main plaza. [6] In addition to the earthen, mounds, the site also included hundreds of houses, cemeteries, and agricultural fields. [11], In 1923, William E. Myer, also working with the Smithsonian, carried out the first modern investigation of the Mound Bottom site. We are disappointed to announce the cancellation of the 33rd annual Current Research in Tennessee Archaeology meeting due to COVID-19. While some smaller mound centers in the Middle Cumberland continued to be active after 1350 CE, settlements in the region largely shifted away from mound centers and to fortified village sites. The results of those excavations were published in 2012 in the journal Southeastern Archaeology. [1], In 1972, the State of Tennessee purchased the Mound Bottom site to preserve it as a state archaeological area. Acquisition of Mound Key by the State, began in 1961. In the late 1860s, Joseph Jones of the Smithsonian Institution investigated several prehistoric sites in Tennessee, and reported "extraordinary aboriginal works" at Mound Bottom. Early Tennessee historian John Haywood noted Mound Bottom's importance as an aboriginal site in 1823, and early settlers reported seeing large fortifications and towers at the site. Site access is prohibited without accompaniment by park rangers or the Tennessee Division of Archaeology. 418 likes. [3][4] The mound summit was originally accessed via a ramp or staircase located at the midpoint of the eastern face. The Mound Bottom site is likely associated with another mound complex located just over a mile to the south known as the Pack Site, or Great Mound Division, and together they have been called the "Great Mound Group." Mound Bottom has been listed on the National Register since 1971, but the original form was just a few pages containing little information, said Aaron Deter-Wolf, the state … Mound Bottom Site - A large, 1,000 year-old Mississippian Period town site located on the Harpeth River in Cheatham County, Tennessee. 1000–1350 CE). Bare Earth DEM processed by Zada Law. Drone footage of Mound Bottom courtesy of Harpeth River State Park and Hawkeye Media. Mound Bottom is also an experience of a lifetime and well worth the tour — I plan on covering it in a separate post. USGS topo map and bare earth (LiDAR) image of Tennessee’s Mound Bottom State Archaeological Area. The late prehistoric Native American culture of the Nashville Basin has been referenced in older and non-scholarly sources as being either the Mound Builders or the Stone Graves Race. 1000–1350 CE). The main site area was purchased by the State of Tennessee in 1973, and in 2005 became part of the Harpeth River State Park. One Hundred Years of Archaeology at Gordontown: A Fortified Mississippian Town in Middle Tennessee. Cox followed up on Myer's finds in 1926, uncovering a number of stone box burials and baked clay floors. Grave Creek Mound Archaeological Complex is the largest of the Adena Burial mounds, having been constructed between 250 and 150 B.C. Geophysical survey and remote sensing data reveal that Mound Bottom was not a vacant ritual center, but that instead structures or residences were present throughout the site, including around the base of the mounds. Mound Bottom is part of the largest prehistoric mound group in Tennessee, and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Michael C. Moore, Emanuel Breitburg, Kevin E. Smith, and Mary Beth Trubitt. [7] This regional culture was first defined in the 1970s based on distinctive mortuary offerings and the presence of stone box burials, and has since been refined using ceramic typologies [8] A recent reassessment of the Middle Cumberland Mississippian by Moore and Smith [7] resulted in a revised chronology and new understanding of Mound Bottom's placement in the regional cultural sequence. As Mound Bottom’s influence extended it supplanted or subsumed various small, local chiefdoms, while simultaneously incorporating aspects of regional cultural traditions. Mound Bottom is a large Mississippian Period Indian Mound Complex. Interpretive Programs. 12/14/2020 . The documents constitute a draft registration form for a listing on the National Register of Historic Places. mound bottom state archaeological are a Aaron Deter- Wolf, Sunny Fleming, and Sarah Levithol Eckhardt The Mound Bottom site is located along the Harpeth River west of Nashville, and with the The remaining mounds surrounding the plaza today measure between 2 and 13 feet tall. The site core includes at least 12 earthen mounds oriented around a 7-acre plaza within a meander bend of the Harpeth River. Mound Bottom (Mound Bottom State Archaeological Area – Cheatham County In 1971 the Mound Bottom State Archaeological Area was listed in the National Register for its statewide importance as a prehistoric Native American site. The Mound Bottom State Archaeological Area in Cheatham County is a Native American site from the Mississippian period that consists of several earthen mounds, residential footprints, cemetery areas and petroglyphs. Archaeology provides a glimpse into the lives of past peoples and histories that may have otherwise been forgotten. Thanks to the small group who toured Mound Bottom State Archaeological Area with Division staff this morning. Kuttruff and O'Brien tested six mounds and 19 houses. The Link Farm State Archaeological Area (40 HS 6), also known as the Duck River Temple Mounds or Duck River Site, is a Mississippian culture archaeological site located at the confluence of the Duck and Buffalo Rivers south of Waverly in Humphreys County, Tennessee. The group will tour the Mound area and walk the path around the Mound, which is near Spring Creek, a tributary of the Cumberland River. These individuals likely had some connection to the paramount Mississippian site of Cahokia, which is today located across the Mississippi River from the city of St. Louis. Self-guided interpretive signs are posted at most sites. Mound Bottom is a prehistoric Native American complex located in Kingston Springs. It consists of a large Mississippian civic or ceremonial center with a number of earthen temple mounds dating to the Late Prehistoric Period (AD 900-1350).Access: Montgomery Bell State Park is open daily, hiking permit required. A recent view of the plaza at Mound Bottom State Archaeological Area. The specific factors which brought about the end of the Mississippian period in the Middle Cumberland remain the subject of ongoing investigation. Mound Bottom and Mace Bluff Archaeological Sites. Mound Bottom is situated on a horseshoe bend of the Harpeth River at the river's confluence with Mound Creek, which approaches the riverbank opposite the site from the east. Mound Bottom is now designated as Mound Bottom State Archaeological Area and is under the management of the Harpeth River State Park. Mound Bottom, a state-owned archaeological area, lies in a horseshoe bend of the Harpeth River. Mound Bottom is today located approximately 1-mile (1.6 km) north of the point where U.S. Route 70 crosses the Harpeth River, on the outskirts of Kingston Springs. Mound Bottom State Archaeological Area web site. The largest mound at the site, Mound A, is a platform mound which today measures approximately 246 feet along each side and stands approximately 36 feet tall. Participants are asked to bring a bag lunch. Due to structural similarities in the mounds and ceramic chronologies, these sites are believed to have been contemporaneous.[1]. A.D. 1000) by individuals from outside the region. Myer uncovered evidence of a structure and hearth atop one of the mounds at the Pack site and evidence of 10 ancient houses at Mound Bottom. The Mound Bottom bend is one in a series of sharp bends found along the lower Harpeth as the river twists and turns through a steep gorge en route to its confluence with the Cumberland River several miles to the north. Castalian Springs Mounds State Archaeological Area, The Johnston Site: Precursor to Pinson Mounds?, Tennessee Anthropologist, Southeastern Archaeology article on TDOA Mound Bottom explorations, WPA work at Mound Bottom and Pack (UA Press book chapter), Return to the Great Mound Group: 2016 Investigations at Mound Bottom State Archaeological Area, Geophysical Study at Old Stone Fort State Archaeological Park, Manchester, Tennessee, OLD STONE FORT: MYSTERY, INDUSTRY, AND LEISURE IN A LOVELY GREEN SPACE by Hobart Akin, Pinson Mounds: Middle Woodland Ceremonialism in the Midsouth, Middle Woodland Ceremonialism at Pinson Mounds, American Antiquity. [1][7][9] As a result of this connection, the Middle Cumberland Culture in Tennessee was part of the larger Mississippian Ideological Interaction Sphere (previously known as the Southern Cult and Southeastern Ceremonial Complex), which connected late prehistoric cultures from the Great Lakes, Gulf Coast, and the Appalachian Mountains. 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