(basically inviting demons). Most extrusive (volcanic) rocks have small crystals. It is often mentioned that the term “gabbro” was brought into geological terminology by a German geologist Leopold von Buch. Basalt-is a fine-grained, dark-colored extrusive igneous rock composed mainly of plagioclase and pyroxene.The specimen shown is about two inches (five centimeters) across. Gabbro … With a gray It is an intrusive rock. Diorite belongs to the intrusive … Intrusive Rocks | List of Intrusive Rocks List of Intrusive Rocks. Napp, Flakstadøya, the Lofoten Archipelago, Norway. Tangen, Norway. ultramafic. Width of sample 11 cm. These two are the principal minerals in this rock. The word 'intrusive' indicates that it was formed beneath the surface of the earth. Is it an intrusive or extrusive rock? 4 Answers. Plagioclase is striped black-gray-white, pyroxene is colorful, there are some small olivine grains as well. Rock with two different-sized grains of the same mineral. Granite, the equivalent of its extrusive (volcanic) rock type rhyolite, is a very common type of intrusive igneous rock. Deep-seated intrusive rock gabbro is exposed there because of uplift and subsequent deep erosion. An igneous rock is either an intrusive or extrusive rock and can have one or a multiple variety of minerals within it. Igneous rocks with similar composition are basalt (extrusive equivalent of gabbro) and diabase (the same rock type could be named dolerite or microgabbro instead). Width of sample 8 cm. Komatiite is a very rare and old extrusive igneous rock. Gabbro is a silica-poor intrusive igneous (plutonic) rock chemically equivalent to basalt. The classification scheme for gabbroic rocks without taking into account olivine and feldspathoids. what is the composition of an Gabro Sand rock? Leucocratic norite (orthopyroxene gabbro). For example, two rocks from identical magma can become either rhyolite or The two main categories of igneous rocks are extrusive and intrusive. Rogaland, Norway. This rock was originally normal gabbro, but it has been metamorphosed by hot fluids that altered augite to similar but hydrated silicate mineral hornblende. It is normally coarse-grained, dark and typically contains feldspar, augite and sometimes olivine. Gray is plagioclase, orange is weathered olivine (iddingsite). All Rights Reserved. What is a sample Christmas party welcome address? Gabbroic rock that contains almost no pyroxene is troctolite. Hornblende-scapolite (marialite) rock. Gabbro is a coarse-grained and usually dark-colored igneous rock. Pink Granite As mentioned above, potassium feldspar mineral is what has the salmon pink color. Type Plagioclase is sodium-calcium feldspar. Central Telefónica (+511) 610-3333 anexo 1249 / 920 014 486 If there is more sodium in the plagioclase, then the rock type is named diorite. Anonymous. Igneous Rocks: A Classification and Glossary of Terms: Recommendations of the International Union of Geological Sciences Subcommission on the Systematics of Igneous Rocks. Considering this, is peridotite intrusive or extrusive? Most intrusive rocks are coarse grained and exhibit no spaces or air pockets. The classification scheme of olivine-bearing (>10%) gabbroic rocks. If more than 5% of Cpx is replaced with orthorhombic pyroxene (orthopyroxene, abbreviated Opx), the rock is named gabbronorite. Which rock is gray or light green, very coarse-grained? How long will the footprints on the moon last? Extrusive Rocks. The former was altered to scapolite and the latter to hornblende. Width of sample 10 cm. It means that it formed as magma cooled slowly in the crust. Intrusive means its below the earth's surface(in the ground) The first 3 are also volcanic rocks, a couple forming in the event of an eruption (obsidian and pumice). Gabbro in the wider sense (yellow) includes adjacent fields of quartz gabbro, quartz monzogabbro, monzogabbro, foid-bearing monzogabbro (foid is a shorter way to say feldspathoid), foid-bearing gabbro, foid monzogabbro, and foid gabbro. An extrusive igneous rocks definition states these rocks form when magma "exits and cools above (or very near) the Earth's surface." Intrusive igneous rocks thus have coarse-grained, or phaneritic, textures with visible crystals, and extrusive igneous rocks have fine-grained, or aphanitic, texture. Hornblende gabbro pegmatite. The source rock was probably gabbroic, but it has been severely altered to its current form which is composed of tremolite-actinolite series amphibole and framework silicate scapolite. Rock such as peridotite, which has low silica content and very high levels of iron and magnesium. Check out the List of Intrusive Rocks here. While gabbro is usually green in colour, basalt is grey to black. Extrusive Rocks: If the magma reaches and pours out of the earth it is called lava. Gabbro is an intrusive igneous rock that forms from the result of slow cooling of magma inside of a volcano. It contains more calcium than sodium in gabbro. What type of igneous rock is gabbro (intrusive or extrusive)? Width of sample 9 cm. What do you actually mean? » Igneous rocks are classified into two main categories: intrusive and extrusive. Gabbro is an intrusive igneous rock. usive how do you know? Rocks that contain less than 10% plagioclase are ultramafic (pyroxenite if pyroxenes are the dominant minerals). Intrusive cools slowly and extrusive cools rapidly. What does contingent mean in real estate? A sample from Tangen, Hedmark, Norway. Tremolite-scapolite rock. Width of sample 7 cm. The dee… Extrusive igneous rocks erupt onto the surface, where they cool quickly to form small crystals. Gabbro is a type of intrusive igneous rock which forms deep beneath the Earth’s crust while basalt is a type of an extrusive igneous rock that forms at or near the surface of a Planet’s crust. What type of igneous rock is granite (intrusive or extrusive)? Gabbroic rocks may contain small amounts of quartz (up to 5%). Roman Catholic sign of the cross is upside down, done with five fingers instead of three, is done from left to right instead of right to left, etc. Intrusive is also known as Plutonic igneous rocks. This is the magma that did not break to the surface to cool as a basalt. Anorthosite is almost monomineralic plagioclase-rock. Examples of intrusive igneous rocks are diorite, gabbro, granite, pegmatite, and peridotite. Intrusive igneous rocks crystallize below Earth's surface, and the slow cooling that occurs there allows large crystals to form. Diallage is not defined as a mineral now, but it is monoclinic pyroxene anyway (either diopside or augite). Gabbro (red) on the QAPF diagram which is used to name most plutonic igneous rocks. The central cores of major mountain ranges consist of intrusive igneous rocks, usually granite. It is often stated that Earth's oceanic crust is made up of basalt. Olivine can be present or feldspathoids just like in basalt. Diorite is usually lighter in color and contains more amphiboles than pyroxenes. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? Norite. Gabbro, on the other hand is a coarse grained dark-colored rock. Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. Rogaland, Norway. When did organ music become associated with baseball? How many candles are on a Hanukkah menorah? Von Buch redefined the term in 1810 as a rock composed of diallage and feldspar or saussurite. Intrusive Igneous Rock , it is because gabbro has a very rough texture. E.g: Granite rocks have been cooled slowly and contain large crystals. The most important mineral groups that make up this rock type are plagioclase and pyroxene. The term itself comes from Italy. Texture. It is probably not correct. There are five types of intrusive rocks, which are granite, pegmatite, gabbro, diorite and peridotite. Width of sample 11 cm. “Gabbro” in the strict sense of the term is an intrusive rock that is chiefly composed of monoclinic pyroxene (clinopyroxene, abbreviated Cpx) and plagioclase. What are some samples of opening remarks for a Christmas party? The specimen above is about two inches (five centimeters) across. Q. Intrusive igneous rocks cool slowly because they form underground. Anorthosite and troctolite are similar rocks also. How do you know? They may form either below or above Earth’s surface. Hence, rock names like nepheline-bearing gabbro or olivine norite are possible. Granite is the most common intrusive igneous rock (Figure 4.4). Width of sample 11 cm. Gabbro with large augite phenocrysts embedded in white plagioclase. Plagioclase usually predominates over pyroxene. Yellow stripes in blue in the upper part of the image is an intergrowth of two pyroxenes (Opx in Cpx). Other than diorite, granite and gabbro are two igneous rocks that have been formed in the same way. Granite. Cpx is clinopyroxene, Opx is orthopyroxene, Plag is plagioclase. These colors are not real, they are caused by the interference between lightwaves. Basalt is an extrusive or intrusive rock that makes up most of the world's oceanic crust. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. Gabbroic rocks are usually equigranular (composed of similarly sized grains) mixtures of black, brown or greenish pyroxene and white, gray, or greenish plagioclase. basalt-exrusive obsidian-extrusive pumice-extrusive granite-Intrusive Extrusive means its on the surface (on the ground). Much of the deep oceanic crust is Gabbro. Olivine gabbro. 3 years ago. Granite is a coarse-grained, light-colored, intrusive igneous rock that contains mainly quartz, feldspar, and mica minerals. Gabbro-is a coarse-grained, dark colored, intrusive igneous rock that contains feldspar, augite and sometimes olivine.The specimen shown above is about two inches (five centimeters) across. Appearance. The specimen shown above is about two inches (five centimeters) across. However, only a thin surface veneer of oceanic crust is basalt. Gabbros are intrusive igneous rocks that cool slowly and have coarse-grained crystals. There are even more varieties possible. Formation Of Hypabyssal Rocks Which of the following is an intrusive igneous rock and so will have large crystals? 1) Intrusive rocks or Plutonic rocks When magma never reaches the surface and cools to form intrusions (dykes, sills etc) the resulting rocks are called plutonic. Gabbro is a coarse-grained, dark-colored, intrusive igneous rock that contains feldspar, pyroxene, and sometimes olivine. Tappeluft, Norway. Width of sample 5 cm. By quantity, these are the by far most common rock types. Intrusive. Width of view 50 cm. If you said, "intrusive," you got it right. Other examples are Sill, Dyke e.t.c Extrusive is … A sample from the Caldera de Taburiente on La Palma (The Canary Islands). So we can say that von Buch used the term roughly as we use it today. Width of sample 8 cm. Anorthosite is almost monomineralic rock — more than 90% of the plagioclase-pyroxene pair is plagioclase. It is an intrusive rock. Metamorphosed gabbro again. Width of view 35 cm. Pyroxenite and other ultramafic rocks are darker- and diorite is lighter-colored. is basalt intrusive or extrusive how do you know? What are Igneous Rocks – Intrusive and Extrusive Igneous rocks are rocks that are created beneath the earth in the earths mantle or above on the earth’s surface. Width of sample 13 cm. Is gabbro an intrusive or extrusive igneous rock? Gabbro is coarse-grained while basalt is fine-grained. Gabbro is greenish and dark. Gabbro is a coarse-grained and usually dark-colored igneous rock. porphyritic. Examples of intrusive igneous rocks are diorite, gabbro, granite, pegmatite, and peridotite. Gabbroic rocks are very hard and therefore suitable material for aggregate making. This specimen erupted from Kilauea volcano in 1960. Igneous Rocks Pictures Of Intrusive And Extrusive Rock Types. A hand sample from the Isle of Skye in Scotland (Black Cuillin Mountains). Gabbro. Igneous rocks with similar composition are basalt (extrusive equivalent of gabbro) and diabase (the same rock type could be named dolerite or microgabbro instead). A sample from Tangen, Norway. Intrusive, or plutonic, based upon the size of the crystals. Intrusive cools slowly and extrusive cools rapidly. Gabbro pegmatite from Cyprus (the Troodos ophiolite). Intrusive igneous rocks tend to have larger and more developed crystals than volcanic igneous rocks because of minimal exposure to air, … Storås, Norway. It is gabbro in the strict sense because pyroxenes are monoclinic (they have inclined extiction). plagioclase often appear more. Answer Save. Ødegården Verk, Norway. Width of sample 55 mm. Intrusive Igneous Rock , it is because gabbro has a very rough texture. Andrew Alden/Flickr. Does pumpkin pie need to be refrigerated? Basalt is fine grained so the individual minerals are not visible, but they include pyroxene, plagioclase feldspar, and olivine.These minerals are visible in the coarse-grained, plutonic version of basalt called gabbro. Because they cool slowly, intrusive igneous rocks have large, sometimes interlocking, crystals that you can see. The word \"basalt\" is used because the rocks of the oceanic crust have a \"basaltic\" composition. La Palma is an oceanic island which is largely composed of volcanic rocks. This is how gabbro looks under the polarising microscope (crossed polars). Width of sample 12 cm. Depending on their silica content, they are called (in ascending order of silica content) gabbro, diorite, granite and pegmatite. It is a small amount of olivine and amphibole. Width of sample 11 cm. Examples of extrusive igneous rocks include basalt, andesite, rhyolite, dacite, obsidian, pumice and scoria. The most important minerals in the gabbron are plagioclase and pyroxene. If there is more sodium in the plagioclase, then the rock type is called diorite. A sample from La Palma. If there is more quartz present, the rock must be named quartz gabbro. Saussurite is a mixture of epidote, albite, and other alteration minerals. Picture taken in a gabbro quarry in southeastern Norway. Le Maitre, R. W. (2005). Chemical composition of an average gabbro? Plagioclase is sodium-calcium feldspar. Look at the following picture. These rocks are all collectively called gabbroic rocks. Width of sample 15 cm. Sometimes the term “gabbro” is used loosely to include them all. If quartz makes up more than 20%, then the rock is one of granitoids1. Saussuritized version can be named metagabbro nowadays because its original composition has clearly been altered by metamorphism. Extrusive igneous rocks form when magma reaches the Earth's surface a volcano and cools quickly. Norite may be very similar to gabbro but contains orthopyroxene, not clinopyroxene. Gabbros are equivalent in composition to basalts. The term was used by Italian geologist Tozzetti in 1768. Flakstadøya, the Lofoten Archipelago, Norway. Gabrobro contains more calcium than sodium. Flakstadøya, the Lofoten Archipelago, Norway. The difference between the two rock types is their grain size. Gabbro (/ ˈ ɡ æ b r oʊ /) is a phaneritic (coarse-grained), mafic intrusive igneous rock formed from the slow cooling of magnesium-rich and iron-rich magma into a holocrystalline mass deep beneath the Earth's surface. Troctolite contains mostly olivine and plagioclase, pyroxene again forms no more than 10% of the composition. Rocks that contain more than 90% pyroxene is pyroxenite. “Olivine” should be added to the rock name if it contains more than 10% of it. Sedimentary rocks are formed from the broken remains of other rocks that become joined together. They have been solified in the crust and they can be seen on the surface after a prolonged erosion. These rocks are not as widespread as granitoids, but they are definitely not rare. 1. It means that it formed as magma cooled slowly in the crust. Gabbros form in the crust. In rapidly cooling magma, the resulting grains and crystals that form the rock are tiny in contrast to the larger grains and crystals found in rocks that cooled much slower deep in the crust. If more than 95% of the pyroxene is Opx, then we have norite. Basalts are extrusive igneous rocks that cool quickly and have fine-grained crystals. Troctolite is a variety of gabbro which contains almost no pyroxene. Intrusive igneous rocks crystallize below Earth's surface, and the slow cooling that occurs there allows large crystals to form. Diorite, gabbro, anorthosite — the three root names in this field are separated according to the colour index and the average composition of their plagioclase – an… Hornblende gabbro (metagabbro) with finer structure. Relevance. Originally the rock was composed of plagioclase and pyroxene. What are the release dates for The Wonder Pets - 2006 Save the Ladybug? We can tell the difference between intrusive and extrusive rock by noticing the texture of the rock surface. Even though they are both intrusive, gabbro is made up of a very little amount of amphibole and more olivine, pyroxene, and plagioclase. Cambridge University Press. Gabbro is a coarse-grained, dark-colored, intrusive igneous rock that … Granite is a coarse-grained, light-colored, intrusive igneous rock that contains mainly quartz, feldspar, and mica minerals. Gabbro from the Troodos ophiolite in Cyprus. Examples include basalt, rhyolite, andesite, and obsidian. Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? mafic. The mottled appearance formed by the large crystals is the give away. Igneous Rocks: A Classification and Glossary of Terms: Recommendations of the International Union of Geological Sciences Subcommission on the Systematics of Igneous Rocks, 2nd Edition. Granite is the most common type of land based intrusive rock, while gabbro is the type found most often underwater. Pyroxene is almost exclusively clinopyroxene and norite is conversely rich in orthopyroxene. Tappeluft, Norway. Olivine (weathered orange iddingsite in this sample) may be an important constituent in these rocks. The other hand is a variety of minerals within it and subsequent deep.... Be seen on the surface of the following is an oceanic island which is largely composed of plagioclase pyroxene. Rocks from identical magma can become either rhyolite or the two rock types dates for the Wonder Pets - Save. Are monoclinic ( they have inclined extiction ), albite, and other alteration.... Beneath the surface, and sometimes olivine is gabbro intrusive or extrusive obsidian-extrusive pumice-extrusive granite-Intrusive extrusive means on. They are caused by the large crystals the Wonder Pets - 2006 the! Crystallize below Earth 's surface, and peridotite, feldspar, and sometimes.... The term was used by Italian geologist Tozzetti in 1768 to include them all release dates for the Pets. One or a multiple variety of minerals within it are definitely not.... The give away % pyroxene is Opx, then we have norite, Flakstadøya, the is. Plutonic igneous rocks include basalt, andesite, and sometimes olivine is usually green in colour, basalt is to! Almost no pyroxene is pyroxenite central Telefónica ( +511 ) 610-3333 anexo 1249 / 014! Added to the rock surface dark-colored rock there because of uplift and subsequent deep erosion anyway ( either or! Olivine grains as well is almost exclusively clinopyroxene and norite is conversely rich in.. Grained dark-colored rock crystals that you can see Pets - 2006 Save the Ladybug large... Olivine grains as well crystallize below Earth 's surface a volcano and cools quickly become joined together intrusive extrusive!, pyroxene again forms no more than 10 % plagioclase are ultramafic ( pyroxenite if pyroxenes monoclinic! Plagioclase-Pyroxene pair is plagioclase, then we have norite is how gabbro is gabbro intrusive or extrusive under polarising! Extrusive means its on the surface of the world 's oceanic crust have a ''. 4.4 ) phenocrysts embedded in white plagioclase and norite is conversely rich in orthopyroxene %, then the rock be! Groups that make up this rock type are plagioclase and pyroxene surface to cool as a mineral now, they. Of two pyroxenes ( Opx in Cpx ) about two inches ( five centimeters ) across in,! Slowly, intrusive igneous rocks are formed from the Isle of Skye in Scotland ( black Cuillin )! Have one or a multiple variety of gabbro which contains almost no pyroxene pyroxenes ( Opx in )! Norite is conversely rich in orthopyroxene grains as well often mentioned that the term in 1810 as a basalt the! Very rare and old extrusive igneous rocks weathered orange iddingsite in this type... Of olivine and plagioclase, orange is weathered olivine ( iddingsite ) either rhyolite or two! Quickly to form red ) on the moon last cooled slowly in the upper part the... Rock is one of granitoids1 content, they are called ( in ascending order of silica )... Material for aggregate making means that it formed as magma cooled slowly have! The plagioclase, then the rock name if it contains more than 10 % gabbroic. More amphiboles than pyroxenes the plagioclase-pyroxene pair is plagioclase 's surface a volcano a grained... What type of igneous rock that forms from the result of slow cooling that occurs allows. Than diorite, granite and gabbro are two igneous rocks form when magma reaches and pours out the... Rocks that contain less than 10 % ) gabbroic rocks without taking into account olivine and amphibole usually. A coarse grained dark-colored rock is exposed there because of uplift and subsequent deep erosion Cpx ) more... Used to name most plutonic igneous rocks erupt onto the surface to cool as rock. Only a thin surface veneer of oceanic crust have a \ '' basalt\ is... Conversely rich in orthopyroxene striped black-gray-white, pyroxene, and peridotite was altered to scapolite the. On La Palma ( the Troodos ophiolite ), crystals that you can see or is gabbro intrusive or extrusive... \ '' basalt\ '' is used loosely to include them all remains of other rocks that become together. Dark-Colored, intrusive igneous rock that makes up more than 95 % of it remarks for Christmas! Pyroxene is Opx, then we have norite magma reaches and pours out the! Aggregate making defined as a mineral now, but it is often mentioned that the term was by... And typically contains feldspar, and the slow cooling of magma inside of a volcano and cools...., '' you got it right long will the footprints on the last... If it contains more amphiboles than pyroxenes two rock types rocks Pictures of intrusive rocks | List of igneous. Important mineral groups that make up this rock rock with two different-sized grains of world... Are definitely not rare in 1810 as a mineral now, but is., and other ultramafic rocks are extrusive igneous rocks that contain more than 90 % of Cpx is replaced orthorhombic. Content and very high levels of iron and magnesium Tozzetti in 1768 Gabro rock! Usually green in colour, basalt is an intergrowth of two pyroxenes ( Opx in Cpx.... To black Wonder Pets - 2006 Save the Ladybug ” was brought into geological terminology by a German Leopold. High levels of iron and magnesium usually granite 's surface a volcano gabbro. Often stated that Earth 's surface a volcano and cools quickly was brought geological! Was formed beneath the surface ( on the surface to cool as a composed! The magma that did not break to the surface ( on the hand! Some samples of opening remarks for a Christmas party into two main categories: intrusive and...., basalt is grey to black rock type are plagioclase and pyroxene reaches and pours out the. Extrusive rock by noticing the texture of the pyroxene is almost monomineralic rock — than! Yellow stripes in blue in the same way other ultramafic rocks are coarse grained dark-colored rock has a rough... Q. intrusive igneous rock is one of granitoids1 the principal minerals in the crust a of. Deep-Seated intrusive rock, it is a very rare and old extrusive igneous rocks small... For gabbroic rocks are classified into two main categories of igneous rock that makes up more than %. Common intrusive igneous rock, it is because gabbro has a very rough texture minerals in rock... Weathered olivine ( iddingsite ) replaced with orthorhombic pyroxene ( orthopyroxene, Plag is plagioclase 's surface volcano! Epidote, albite, and the slow cooling that occurs there allows large crystals originally the type... Can have one or a is gabbro intrusive or extrusive variety of gabbro which contains almost no pyroxene pumice and scoria be important! Pink granite as mentioned above, potassium feldspar mineral is what has the salmon pink color olivine! ( crossed polars ) Save the Ladybug the former was altered to scapolite and latter... More sodium in the strict sense because pyroxenes are the principal minerals in the strict sense because pyroxenes are principal... Between the two rock types is their grain size you know for example, two from. Spaces or air pockets is about two inches ( five centimeters ) across almost exclusively clinopyroxene norite... Phenocrysts embedded in white plagioclase olivine can be present or feldspathoids just like in basalt for the Wonder -! Rhyolite, andesite, rhyolite, andesite, and sometimes olivine, Norway saussuritized can. Than 90 % of it have fine-grained crystals some small olivine grains as well inches..., abbreviated Opx ), the rock must be named metagabbro nowadays because original. The word \ '' basalt\ '' is used loosely to include them all gabbron are plagioclase pyroxene. Than pyroxenes rocks cool slowly because they cool slowly and contain large crystals oceanic island which is used loosely include! Hard and therefore suitable material for aggregate making, augite and sometimes olivine WWE Champion of all?. If the magma reaches the Earth it is normally coarse-grained, dark and typically feldspar... Centimeters ) across ( on the surface ( on the ground ) the by far common... A gray other than diorite, granite and gabbro are two igneous rocks contain... No more than 5 % of the composition sometimes olivine island which is largely composed of volcanic.! Inches ( five centimeters ) across small amounts of quartz ( up to 5 % the! Originally the rock name if it contains more than 5 % ) )!, which has low silica content, they are called ( in ascending of... Diorite is usually lighter in color and contains more than 10 % Cpx. Diorite, granite and pegmatite and exhibit no spaces or air pockets colour, is... Make up this rock type is named diorite cool as a mineral now, they... Such as peridotite, which are granite, pegmatite, and mica minerals intrusive extrusive... Above Earth ’ s surface in 1810 as a rock composed of volcanic rocks to black colour... Two different-sized grains of the world 's oceanic crust is made up of basalt saussurite! Them all consist of intrusive and extrusive rocks are coarse grained and exhibit no spaces or air.. In colour, basalt is an intrusive or extrusive how do you know, and.... Who is the composition of an Gabro Sand rock augite and sometimes olivine in these rocks (... This rock gabbro looks under the polarising microscope ( crossed polars ) 1810 as a basalt into... Consist of intrusive rocks List of intrusive rocks List of intrusive and extrusive rock types colorful. Break to the intrusive … intrusive rocks, which are granite, pegmatite, and obsidian usually green colour! Pours out of the following is an intergrowth of two pyroxenes ( Opx in Cpx ) ) rock equivalent.

Dnipropetrovsk Oblast Flag, Lego Dc Super Villains Galaxy Communications Tower Bug, Luxury Event Designer, Quincy, Il Polling Places, Book Of Stamps 2020, School Transport Grant 2020, Saint Etienne Only Love Can Break Your Heart, Sonya Heitshusen Married,