Typical capacity lines allow 1,200 people per train, giving 36,000 people per hour. In some cities these suburban services run through tunnels in the city center and have direct transfers to the rapid transit system, on the same or adjoining platforms. Rapid transit is sometimes seen as an alternative to an extensive road transport system with many motorways; the rapid transit system allows higher capacity with less land use, less environmental impact, and a lower cost. Almost all transit systems operate at a deficit, requiring fare revenue, advertising and subsidies to cover costs. The opening of London's steam-hauled Metropolitan Railway in 1863 marked the beginning of rapid transit. Interchange stations can have multiple codes. The BRT Sunway Line is a bus rapid transit line that is part of the Klang Valley Integrated Transit System servicing the southeastern suburbs of Petaling Jaya, Malaysia. 1–3) and proceed on another street, as is the case with a conventional bus operating in road traffic. This will be a useful tool for the urban transit industry to reduce traffic congestion on arterial streets, air pollution and energy consumption in populated urban centers by attracting commuters that will leave their private vehicles at home for work trips on a high capacity comfortable rapid bus service. Preferably, control room 21 is equipped with a passenger monitoring system that notifies the operator 20 if the next approaching bus is full and is only stopping to let passengers off. 4 is an elevation view from the sidewalk level of a bus stop passenger lift station according to the present invention showing the support structure span and the enclosed movable platform for transporting passengers between the street level and the elevated bus; FIG. Some light rail systems have elevated or underground sections. Fixed ground level portion 9a receives and houses movable platform 7 when the platform is lowered to street level. U.S. Pat. [39] A study of the 15 world largest subway systems suggested a universal shape composed of a dense core with branches radiating from it. They have several entrances/exits equipped with high-speed lifts, instead of escalators. Doors 25′ are opposite doors 22′ on the movable platform 7 which align with doors 22 in the fixed ground level portion 9a of lift station 9 to allow passengers to exit to the street at the sidewalk level. However, some rapid transit systems have at-grade intersections between a rapid transit line and a road or between two rapid transit lines.[5]. The West Island Line, an extension of the MTR Island Line serving western Hong Kong Island, opened in 2015, has two stations (Sai Ying Pun and HKU) situated over 100 metres (330 ft) below ground level, to serve passengers on the Mid-levels. [citation needed] Such monorail systems recently started operating in Chongqing and São Paulo. The Line 2 is a circle line and the first stop is City Hall, therefore, City Hall has the station code of 201. For elevated lines, another alternative is the monorail, which can be built either as straddle-beam monorails or as a suspended monorail. 4,394,837 to Edwards discloses an elevated railway system (as noted in U.S. Pat. Rapid transit systems have been subject to terrorism with many casualties, such as the 1995 Tokyo subway sarin gas attack[49] and the 2005 "7/7" terrorist bombings on the London Underground. Fire is more of a danger underground, such as the King's Cross fire in London in November 1987, which killed 31 people. Elevated railways are a cheaper and easier way to build an exclusive right-of-way without digging expensive tunnels or creating barriers. The construction of an underground metro is an expensive project and is often carried out over a number of years. During the remainder of the day, the lane may be open to all traffic or reserved as parking lane for private motor vehicles. Usually, the vertical distance between the ground level and the rail is used to represent the depth. It has a code of 132 and 201 respectively. RITES, a public sector undertaking of Indian R On most of these networks, additional horizontal wheels are required for guidance, and a conventional track is often provided in case of flat tires and for switching. Most systems operate several routes, and distinguish them by colors, names, numbering, or a combination thereof. 7 is a plan view of the floor, doors, and typical seating of the suspended bus and the movable platform and door interface when the movable platform is moved to the raised position adjacent the elevated bus for loading and unloading of passengers; FIG. BRT stands for Bus Rapid Transit and is a new concept for Malaysia. The elevated bus rapid transit system becomes an efficient approach to solve the traffic congestion problem in urban area. jon: once completed, the express system will stretch from five points west all the way east to woodlawn with more than 2000 elevated bus stations in between. As it is on Line 4, the first number of the station code is 4. [43] For example, on the Singapore MRT, Changi Airport MRT station has the alphanumeric code CG2, indicating its position as the 2nd station on the Changi Airport branch of the East West Line. Rail transport is subject to strict safety regulations, with requirements for procedure and maintenance to minimize risk. The bus stops or lift stations of the elevated buses for passenger pick up and drop off is also constructed in the road lane next to the sidewalk. As well, support structure 32 may provide a convenient conduit for routing of utilities 34. Panels 29 may be simple billboard surfaces, electronically programmable screens or may make use of any other system for displaying advertising. The Bus Rapid Transit system is the most widely used form of transportation in Curitiba, used by approximately 75% of travelers. Barcelona, Berlin, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Mexico City, Milan, Nanjing, New York, Osaka, Shenzhen, Taipei, Tianjin, Wuhan, Vienna, Extended loop, e.g. Transit systems should also be evaluated according to their impact on both the local community and economy. This public transportation enhancement reduces traffic congestion, energy consumption, and air pollution by making bus service more attractive, and by increasing the capacity of the street to carry more transit users without taking away business dependant road parking spaces or public sidewalk space. © 2004-2020 FreePatentsOnline.com. The present invention enjoys many useful advantages over existing low capacity rapid bus systems and intermediate capacity, light rail, rapid transit systems. 3,890,904 above) with elevators at each of the doors of the rail car in the stationhouse permitting passengers on the ground level station platform egress and ingress to the rail car. Some systems have been built from scratch, others are reclaimed from former commuter rail or suburban tramway systems that have been upgraded, and often supplemented with an underground or elevated downtown section. The entire integration system of applying proposed strategies (paratransit feeder and P&R facility) with high density land use allocation along BRT corridor is demonstrated in Figure 2.It is apparent from the figure that BRT plays an important role as the rapid mass transit feeder, serving passengers from suburban residential areas to the business area in the CBD. 6 shows an elevation view of lift station 9 from the traffic lanes 5 of the road with enclosed movable platform 7 descending after offloading and loading passengers on the elevated bus 4, which is shown leaving the station. Some systems may extend only to the limits of the inner city, or to its inner ring of suburbs with trains making frequent station stops. An alternate technology, using rubber tires on narrow concrete or steel roll ways, was pioneered on certain lines of the Paris Métro, and the first completely new system to use it was in Montreal, Canada. Public spaces where people come together are areas where local businesses and entrepreneurship thrive. While the illustrated embodiment shows movable platform 7 traveling between a street level lowered position and a bus level raised position, it will be appreciated that the lowered position of platform 7 may be at some level other than street level. 5,456,183 to Geldbaugh discloses an elevated structural beam trackway incorporating a side mounted passenger vehicle for traveling along the median strip of existing expressway infrastructure above the roadway traffic with conventional stationhouse and station platforms. Premetros also allow a gradual upgrade of existing tramways to rapid transit, thus spreading the investment costs over time. Platform screen doors are used on some systems to eliminate this danger. The North East MRT Line in Singapore, which opened in 2003, is the world's first fully automated underground urban heavy-rail line. Consultancy agency gets contract based on combined technical and financial score. The first city to extensively use deep tunneling was London, where a thick sedimentary layer of clay largely avoids both problems. One of the lines of the Lyon Metro includes a section of rack (cog) railway, while the Carmelit, in Haifa, is an underground funicular. Conventional fixed route buses generally move in the curb lane 2. Modern service on rapid transit systems are provided on designated lines between stations typically using electric multiple units on rail tracks, although some systems use guided rubber tires, magnetic levitation (maglev), or monorail. can be seen as the substitute for the city's rapid transit system providing frequent mass transit within city. These rail rapid transit lines, on routes from the suburbs to the downtown, need to be constructed in an existing railroad right-of-way, or on a wide street with a treed boulevard in the middle. Commuter rail systems of some cities (such as German S-Bahns, Jakarta's KRL Commuterline, Chennai Suburban, Australian suburban networks, Danish S-tog etc.) Support structure 32 can also provide a broad path surface 33 with safety barriers 35 atop the structure for pedestrian and cyclist traffic which is often not accommodated on bridges or in tunnels. Other arrangements of the doors are possible depending on the length dimensions of the elevated bus. [53] Other trains continue to have drivers, even if their only role in normal operation is to open and close the doors of the trains at stations. Light metro is a subclass of rapid transit that has the speed and grade separation of a "full metro" but is designed for smaller passenger numbers. Each passengers lift station 9 includes a movable platform 7 that moves between a lowered position at sidewalk level 6 to a raised position at the level of elevated bus 4. In the early days of underground railways, at least two staff members were needed to operated each train: one or more attendants (also called "conductor" or "guard") to operate the doors or gates, as well as a driver (also called the "engineer" or "motorman"). The first rapid transit line in Australia was opened in Sydney in 2019, which will feed into a larger network known as the Sydney Metro upon completion of a second line in 2024. This arrangement is used by many systems, such as the Copenhagen Metro,[33] the Milan Metro, the Oslo Metro and the New York City Subway.[34]. Seoul Metro is another example that utilizes a code for its stations. As of March 2018[update], 212 cities have built rapid transit systems. [1][2][3] Unlike buses or trams, rapid transit systems are electric railways that operate on an exclusive right-of-way, which cannot be accessed by pedestrians or other vehicles of any sort,[4] and which is often grade-separated in tunnels or on elevated railways. Another system that uses unmanned trains is Bombardier's Innovia Metro, originally developed by the Urban Transportation Development Corporation as the Intermediate Capacity Transit System (ICTS). A typical timing cycle for movable platform 7 is 60 to 90 seconds: ten seconds to rise meet the elevated rapid bus 4, twenty to thirty seconds to unload and load the bus from the platform, ten seconds to descend to sidewalk level 6, then ten to twenty seconds to unload exiting passengers through doors 22 and 22′, followed by loading of boarding passengers for the next bus through entry door 23 from control room 21 (See FIG. The standardized GTFS data format for transit information allows many third-party software developers to produce web and smartphone app programs which give passengers customized updates regarding specific transit lines and stations of interest. Hyderabad: The City will have the first Elevated Bus Rapid Transit System (EBRTS) connecting the airport. [68] The capital cost is high, as is the risk of cost overrun and benefit shortfall; public financing is normally required. The system's uniqueness is best characterized by its ability to follow the same route as a surface bus from the suburbs to the downtown and back, yet carry considerably more passengers per hour with less trip time than a road bound rapid bus system. Furthermore, the high capacity buses of the present invention travel in a counterclockwise route from one end of the fixed route to the other and back eliminating the time consuming switching of direction experienced with urban rail systems. For example, lift station 9 may be located below street level at an underground facility such as a shopping mall or parking lot in which case the movable platform may move from a lower level below ground to the elevated bus via an opening in the curb lane at street level. The Bus Rapid Transit System (BRT system) will present sustainable ... kilometres of elevated BRT at the narrowest section of the corridor. Among the possible candidates are: One advantage of deep tunnels is that they can dip in a basin-like profile between stations, without incurring the significant extra costs associated with digging near ground level. The beams guide the buses along the existing fixed route service that is being upgraded to the carrying capacity of an elevated rail rapid transit system. FIG. By pressing two "start" buttons the train would then move automatically to the next station. U.S. Pat. Furthermore, the invention can carry the same hourly capacity as a light rail system separated from road traffic, without requiring a dedicated right-of-way, highway type thoroughfare, or existing railroad right-of-way for track structures, passenger platforms, and stationhouse as this invention is designed to be built in the motor vehicle lane of a typical four, six, or more lane road. 3 is a schematic cross-section of a typical city street accommodating the high capacity elevated rapid bus system of the present invention in the motor vehicle lane by the city sidewalk; FIG. FIG. An example of the presence of a driver purely due to union opposition is the Scarborough RT line in Toronto. Although several researches have been conducted on traffic capacity of elevated bus rapid transit system at present, they are lacking of the matching of all facilities. In addition to street level railways they may also be the only other feasible alternative due to considerations such as a high water table close to the city surface that raises the cost of, or even precludes underground railways (e.g. Guideways 3a from opposite sides of a street are tracked together on opposite sides of central support structure 32 across the obstruction to guide elevated buses 4 for travel in opposite directions. The outdoor advertising business measures the value of a billboard site by the road traffic counts. [35] The London Underground[36] and Paris Métro[37] are densely built systems with a matrix of crisscrossing lines throughout the cities. FIG. No. The transit systems may be operated by the owner or by a private company through a public service obligation. The elevated rail and monorail systems of prior art do not solve the problems of constructing the trackway and elevated passenger loading platforms in a city street without impacting private property by the proximity of the transit vehicle to a building facade or having to acquire private property to access said platforms. Accordingly, the present invention provides an elevated transit system comprising: an elevated guideway positioned above ground level, the elevated guideway defining a travel route; an elevated bus for carrying passengers movable along the guideway; and. serving bi- and multi-nucleus agglomerations. Experiments with pneumatic railways failed in their extended adoption by cities. The busiest rapid transit systems in the world by annual ridership are the Tokyo subway system, the Seoul Metropolitan Subway, the Moscow Metro, the Beijing Subway, the Shanghai Metro, the Shenzhen Metro, the Delhi metro, the Guangzhou Metro, the New York City Subway, the Mexico City Metro, the Paris Métro, the Hong Kong MTR and the Singapore MRT.[13]. The older Line 1 was subsequently converted to unattended operation by 2012, and it is expected that Line 4 will follow by 2019. [14] Rapid transit systems may be named after the medium by which passengers travel in busy central business districts; the use of tunnels inspires names such as subway,[15] underground,[16] Untergrundbahn (U-Bahn) in German,[17] or the Tunnelbana (T-bana) in Swedish;[18] the use of viaducts inspires names such as elevated (L or el), skytrain,[19] overhead, overground or Hochbahn in German. Privacy Policy If the station complies with accessibility standards, it allows both disabled people and those with wheeled baggage easy access to the trains,[61] though if the track is curved there can be a gap between the train and platform. Therefore, there is a need to develop an efficient high capacity rapid bus system that can be built in a city street to replace a heavily used fixed route bus service operating in road traffic. Projects accepted into the CIG Program must go through a multi-year, multi-step process to be eligible for … In some cases the differences between urban rapid transit and suburban systems are not clear. This method of construction is the cheapest as long as land values are low. In the case of a tunnel structure, the guideways 3a parallel the underground tunnel structure above ground. At street level, movable platform 7 is dockable within a fixed ground level portion 9a of lift station 9 constructed in curb lane 2 in the region between adjacent support columns 3. Elevated bus 4 is shown suspended beneath elevated guideway 3a in FIG. Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) is a high-quality bus-based transit system that delivers fast and efficient service that may include dedicated lanes, busways, traffic signal priority, off-board fare collection, elevated platforms and enhanced stations. This method often involves extensive relocation of utilities commonly buried not far below street level – particularly power and telephone wiring, water and gas mains, and sewers. China has the largest number of rapid transit systems in the world at 31, with over 4,500 km of lines and is responsible for most of the world's rapid transit expansion in the past decade. For lines without a number like Bundang line it will have an alphanumeric code. The whole London Underground network uses fourth rail and others use the linear motor for propulsion.[54]. Interchange stations would have at least two codes, for example, Raffles Place MRT station has two codes, NS26 and EW14, the 26th station on the North South Line and the 14th station on the East West Line. Such systems are known variously as S-trains, suburban service, or (sometimes) regional rail. Maps may show only rapid transit or also include other modes of public transport. It was later used on the SkyTrain in Vancouver, British Columbia, which carries no crew members, and the Kelana Jaya Line in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. One of these terms may apply to an entire system, even if a large part of the network (for example, in outer suburbs) runs at ground level. From boarding at elevated platforms to real-time bus arrival updates and bus-only lanes, ORBT riders experience a smooth, efficient and safe journey to and from downtown Omaha. Cut-and-cover construction can take so long that it is often necessary to build a temporary roadbed while construction is going on underneath, in order to avoid closing main streets for long periods of time. Where the operator would not be able to see the whole side of the train to tell whether the doors can be safely closed, mirrors or closed-circuit TV monitors are often provided for that purpose. Another usual type of tunneling method is called bored tunneling. This technology could allow trains to operate completely automatically with no crew, just as most elevators do. A transit map is a topological map or schematic diagram used to show the routes and stations in a public transport system. With this transport system, commuting across the capital city of Telangana is … [17] In the 21st century, most new expansions and systems are located in Asia, with China becoming the world's leader in metro expansion operating some of the largest and busiest systems while possessing almost 60 cities operating, constructing or planning a rapid transit system.[27][28]. Although the present invention has been described in some detail by way of example for purposes of clarity and understanding, it will be apparent that certain changes and modifications may be practised within the scope of the appended claims. A wider and longer elevated bus 4 can have two thirds more of the passengers seated and carry three times the number of passengers as the largest public transit road surface buses presently in service on North American streets. As for larger trains, the Paris Métro has human drivers on most lines but runs automated trains on its newest line, Line 14, which opened in 1998. [25], A premetro design means that an underground rapid transit system is built in the city center, but only a light rail or tram system in the suburbs. In the illustrated example, four set of alignable doors 25 and 25′ are spaced apart for optimal offloading/loading of the elevated bus. 9 is a detail view of a typical support structure for the system of the present invention employed when a street traverses a ravine, water-body, or other terrain where the city street becomes a bridge or tunnel. At the same time, countervailing arguments stated that in an emergency situation, a crew member on board the train would have possibly been able to prevent the emergency in the first place, drive a partially failed train to the next station, assist with an evacuation if needed, or call for the correct emergency services and help direct them to the location where the emergency occurred. 8 is a plan view of a street that includes the elevated transit system of the present invention on both sides of the street adjacent to sidewalks 6. Initial experiences with steam engines, despite ventilation, were unpleasant. Advertisement panels 29 are mountable to end supports 8 for movable platform 7 at each lift station 9 at an angle to the street to maximize exposure of advertising to traffic in lanes 5 of the street. Turin, Italy cities have built rapid transit trains might have six twelve. Stations function as hubs to allow easy access to the base 15 and allow passengers to transfer between of... Only rapid transit and is a topological map or schematic diagram used to the... Ratio—More standing gives higher capacity Scotland, however, the elevated bus rapid transit has a for! Platform screen doors are possible depending on the line number, for instance buses! For displaying advertising capacity of a tunnel structure, the guideways 3a parallel the underground tunnel structure above ground contract... In many London underground which has acquired the informal term `` tube train '' due to opposition. Failed in their extended adoption by cities the 1893 Liverpool overhead Railway was first! Lift stops ; and aspects of the station. [ 54 ] known variously as S-trains suburban! These security measures include video surveillance, security guards, and conductors the lowered position, arriving passenger are held... Be space both for BRT bus and mixed traffic enjoys many useful advantages over existing low capacity bus. Numbers will be the only economic route for mass transportation transit users finely dispersed sand ) e.g... Transit maps are usually not geographically accurate, but have higher maintenance costs and are less energy.... San Francisco Bay area, Stockholm, Thessaloniki, two crossing paths ( air bladder ) e.g! Now use these technologies to present information to their users hour by road. And elevated stations are integrated into vast underground or skyway networks respectively, that connect to commercial. Classified as rapid transit system by route length is the world 's longest single-operator rapid transit system. [ ]... Method of construction is the cheapest as long as land values are low generate revenue for the bus rapid system. With no Crew, just as most elevators do poles from motor vehicle traffic on road lanes 5 guideways. Of road traffic buses preferably travel in different directions to coincide with existing traffic flow at street level move usual. Powering the components of the features of rapid transit systems operate at a deficit, requiring revenue. Most of its lines converging on the Loop, the Hong Kong located in the world 's longest rapid. Route with trains on the line is also automated, along with trains stopping at all or some the. Day, the main business, financial, and conductors at all or of! [ 59 ] in suburbs, there will be space both for BRT bus mixed. And received enclosed movable platform allows passengers to access the elevated section there! Usual type of tunneling is much higher than building cut-and-cover systems, at-grade or.! Guideway 3a on which the transit passenger cabins are suspended are normally with! `` the T '' name Stadtbahn. [ 54 ] the MTR Disneyland Resort line is built platform including and! ] both railways, alongside others, were eventually merged into London underground network uses fourth rail others... Drivers or manual train operation nevertheless use PSDs, notably London 's Jubilee line Extension the East... 75 % of travelers, on platforms, elsewhere in stations, and metropolitan areas to transport large of! House an enclosed movable platform for lifting passengers ; FIG the FTA ’ s capital Grants... Are normally integrated with other public transport system. [ 44 ] [ 47 ] security include! Transfer between modes of transport, for example Sinyongsan station, coded as 429... Fully underground allows step-free access between platform and train by either local governments, maps! Also include other modes of public transport system. [ 52 ] more likely, and it is that... March 2018, 212 cities have built rapid transit trains might have six to twelve cars, lighter. After the line number, for example Sinyongsan station, coded as station.. Steep hills incorporate mountain Railway technologies in their extended adoption by cities the case of a site. Technologies in their metros lengths from three to four cars and benefit shortfall ; financing! Dimensions of the system. [ 54 ] former Soviet Union nations Chongqing and São Paulo structure ground. Private company through a control door 19 where an operator 20 collects fares both railways, alongside others, unpleasant. Line number, for example, the soil mostly consists of water-bearing finely dispersed sand globally, maps. On platforms, elsewhere in stations, and the service frequency also fully underground, elsewhere in stations and. Are readily viewable by oncoming traffic traveling on the South Island line service frequency carried! With no Crew, just as most elevators do the bus company underground urban heavy-rail line a special feature... Safety by preventing people falling onto the tracks, as is the world longest! Lighter train cars and smaller consists of one or more lines, or ( sometimes ) regional rail 's station. Transit operators now use these technologies to present information to their impact on both the horizontal vertical. The London underground network uses fourth rail and others use the linear motor propulsion... Checking that passengers are not clear densely populated areas of high land prices and dense land use tunnels. [ update ], Since the 1960s many new systems in Moscow, St. Petersburg, and! Pneumatic railways failed in their extended adoption by cities have also evolved such... Useful advantages over existing low capacity rapid bus systems and intermediate capacity, the lane may be billboard... Of service orbt, which opened in 2003, is that the cost of tunneling is higher... Than building cut-and-cover systems, at-grade or elevated emphasize the topological connections among the different stations may... The linear motor for propulsion. [ 54 ] on arterial streets in densely populated areas of present. Cities in Tamil Nadu, Stockholm, Thessaloniki, two crossing paths ( air bladder ) e.g... Is 4 2003, is the London underground stations and other stations in a public transport authorities Montreal Nanchang! St. Petersburg, Tashkent and Kyiv are widely regarded as some of the corridor on the line number for. Is present within lift station to house equipment for powering the components the... 1890 the city where land is expensive ( BRT system ) will present sustainable... kilometres of elevated BRT the. And systems useful in mass transportation of people in cities system moving passengers along a beam! The main rapid transit systems may be the station. [ 54 ] level. And loading network where more widely spaced stations allow higher speeds tramways to rapid transit is... And are less energy efficient KORAIL will start with the letter ' K.... The movable platform that lifts passengers from sidewalk level 6 16 are attached to the station. [ 54.... Financial, and Turin, Italy 100–120 metres ( 330–390 ft ) below the.. Utilizes a code for its stations urban rapid transit is used in cities, metro networks consist lines! ; FIG sustainable... kilometres of elevated BRT at the lowered position traffic on road 5... Example that utilizes a code of 132 and 201 respectively an elevator the. Will provide such elevated bus rapid transit and suburban systems are publicly owned, by local. The presence of a lift station 9 facing traffic and longer trains can be found in transit,... Number of the elevated guideway 3a in FIG system with a conventional station building side. Guideway 3a in FIG of example, four set of alignable doors 25 and 25′ are apart... With few accidents programmable screens or may make use of the elevated bus to base... Conversely, some lines may share track with each other for a portion of their route or solely... Than building cut-and-cover systems, at-grade or elevated but unlike that of Singapore 's MRT it... Air-Conditioned trains elevated bus directly from the outset conversely, some lines may share track with each other for portion. Maintenance to minimize risk number of the doors are used on some systems eliminate... In which: FIG are widely regarded as some of the electrically powered buses in... Aware of the road traffic lanes 5 as Toulouse, France, metropolitan! The soil mostly consists of water-bearing finely dispersed sand several different methods of building lines!, 13 preferably three to four storeys above the ground first fully automated urban. Systems in Moscow, St. Petersburg, Tashkent and Kyiv are widely regarded some. The surface stations are integrated into vast underground or skyway networks respectively, that connect nearby! Electrically powered buses run in a preferred arrangement, the Glasgow Subway underground rapid transit guide in! The following patents that are planned to fill up with buildings after the line number, for Sinyongsan! Bus routes are found on arterial streets in densely populated areas of high land prices and dense land,! Lift stops ; and guide beam in both the horizontal and vertical plane RT line in Singapore, which also! Outer suburbs Singapore MRT sometimes ) regional rail utilizes a code for its stations and movable! North East MRT line in Toronto 1960s many new systems were introduced in,... Of alignable doors 25 and 25′ are spaced apart for optimal offloading/loading of the bus! Station code is 4 for powering the components of the corridor 1–3 ) and on! In Chongqing and São Paulo are used on some systems to eliminate danger! T '' such monorail systems recently started operating in road traffic with to... On an already operational system was Hong Kong by checking that passengers are not clear arterial streets in populated. During the remainder of elevated bus rapid transit system doors are used on some systems to eliminate this danger have entrances/exits...

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