We need to know not only where skill shortages arise, but why. For many ICT functions it is necessary to have a higher degree of education and to keep up to date with developments within the ICT sector. Information about Long Term Skill Shortage List Work Visa. The sector organisation Horeca Vorming [37] provides training for job seekers willing to work in the hospitality sector. [accessed 25-04-2016] www.ey.com/Publication/vwLUAssets/The_Hospitality_Sector_in_Europe/$FILE/EY_The_Hospitality_Sector_in_Europe.pdf, [31] EY (2013), Hospitality sector in Europe. integration and implementation experts [15]) or the mix of knowledge and understanding of the internal business processes and soft skills (e.g. Hoger Onderwijs in Cijfers 2015-2016 (pag 18);  [accessed 25-04-2016] www.ond.vlaanderen.be/HogerOnderwijs/werken/studentadmin/studentengegevens/HOIC_2015_2016.pdf, [24] VDAB (2015), Knelpuntberoepen 2015. In short, Belgium does not explicitly use labour migration to address labour shortages, but does so indirectly through flexible procedures for highly skilled workers (and other categories such as Focussed Study of the Belgian National Contact Point of the European Migration Network (EMN). Le secteur de la sante et de l’action sociale en Wallonie  [accessed 25-04-2016] www.leforem.be/MungoBlobs/986/164/20140116_Sante%26ActionSociale_Rapport2012-2013.pdf, [3] Le Forem (2015), La détection des métiers en pénurie et des fonctions critiques en 2014. To reduce skill shortages Member States are trying to increase supply of the skills in demand. [1] ISCO 221 Medical doctors, ISCO 325 Other health associate professionals, ISCO 222 Nursing and midwifery professionals, ISCO 226 Other health professionals, ISCO 322 Nursing and midwifery associate professionals, [2] Le Forem (2013), Marché de l’emploi analyse janvier 2014. [23] Vlaamse Overheid (2015). Within the hospitality and tourism sector there are at least 14 types of internships [36]. No further action is taken regarding this potential surplus. Medical doctors and health professionals [1], Shortages exist in the health care sector, particularly in the nursing profession. ICT business analysts). This list is effective from 1 January 2020, when the Employment Permits (Amendment) Regulations 2018 came into effect. › Tewerkstelling [accessed 25-04-2016] www.ugent.be/di/nl/voor-toekomstige-studenten/onderwijs-studie-diergeneeskunde/tewerkstelling.htm. In order to increase the inflow of nurses the following regional government initiatives have also been established [10]: job seekers can attend nursing education while maintaining their benefits, employees in caring functions have the right to use study facilities, nurses with a foreign education background are encouraged to obtain a degree in nursing through a shortened training program, the entry of returners (out of the labour market) is supervised and nurses are recruited from other countries (e.g. In addition, they need to undertake additional training to be able to deal with different aspects of well-being of patients. This guidance is provided for information purposes only and must be read with Immigration New Zealand’s published . The inability to attract and retain talent ranked fifth on Aon’s global 2015 Global Risk Management Survey, and came in second place in North America and the Asia-Pacific region. Looking at past, current and future trends (3-4 years), a number of occupations have been identified as mismatch priority occupations for Belgium, i.e. [42] The increasing demand relates also to the fact that security agents/guards are increasingly becoming partners of law and order services. Additionally, for some occupations (e.g. When jobs appear on Immigration New Zealand's skill shortage lists, this means the Government is actively encouraging skilled workers from overseas to work in that role in New Zealand. At the same time, the number of nurse/carer vacancies in Flanders decreased. It also provides insights into why skill shortages arise. To apply, you’ll need to have the specified work experience, qualifications and occupational registration to work in an occupation on our Long Term Skill Shortage List, and an offer for work in that occupation. The right remedies to tackle skill mismatch require the right prognosis and diagnosis.’ A varied picture Fast-track training opportunities for employed and unemployed people to qualify in shortage occupations are also being developed. Nothing uplifts a country more than employment which is as a result of good education. There was a contraction in both GDP and hospitality sector turnover in 2009, as a result of the global economic downturn. [4] Also the Brussels Capital Region PES identified hospital, geriatric, social and head nurses, physiotherapists and occupational therapists as bottleneck occupations for 2014. However, the supply of ICT and STEM graduates from upper-secondary and higher education is insufficient to meet demand. This website, as well as the publications and online tools accessible via this website, may contain UK data and analysis based on research conducted before the United Kingdom’s exit from the European Union on 31 January 2020. The skill shortage has created a demand for immigrants with the required skills. The PES for the Flemish Region reported “security agent” as a shortage occupation in 2014 with over 2 thousand vacancies going unfilled. The nominated occupation must have an occupation code which can be found from the Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO). Skill shortage lists — Occupation Nomination Form — Essential Skills in Demand Lists 2018 All occupation nominations must be submitted using the attached form. While all Member States except Finland lack ICT professionals, Belgium, Greece, Spain, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Portugal and the UK have no shortage of teachers. Reply. The Immediate Skills Shortage List (ISSL) is regionally based and mentions those occupations for which there is an immediate skill shortage within a region. 3% per annum between 2000 and 2010. Immigration Rules Appendix Shortage Occupation List. Across the EU, the top five skill shortage occupations are ICT professionals; medical doctors; science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) professionals; nurses and midwives and teachers. Some countries also suffer from ‘brain drain’ as STEM professionals emigrate for better jobs elsewhere. The job market in Belgium is competitive and language skills are in high demand. Service and high-tech industries are typically located in the Flanders region in the north, while coal and steel manufacturing is concentrated in the south. technical managers, technicians in the natural and applied sciences). If you get a job in an occupation on the LTSSL and meet the list requirements, you may be granted a Work to Residence visa under the Long Term Skill Shortage List work visa . [accessed 25-04-2016] www.leforem.be/MungoBlobs/136/104/2015_Trim3_MDE_Focus_FonctionsCritiques2014.pdf, [15] VDAB (2015), Knelpuntberoepen 2015. This list includes most occupations previously included in the Canterbury Skill Shortage List and will be reviewed to reflect actual labour market needs. Demand for ICT professionals is rising because almost every economic sector needs their skills. Skill Shortage List, please refer to the information on the following pages before you apply for your IQA to determine if you require the Skill Shortage Assessment Add-On. [accessed 25-04-2016] www.vdab.be/trendsdoc/vacatureanalyse/vacatureanalyse_2015.pdf, [14] Le Forem (2015), La détection des métiers en pénurie et des fonctions critiques en 2014. Not all of this is good news: the closing gap can partly be explained by job losses as COVID-19 hits security budgets. [accessed 25-04-2016] www.vdab.be/trendsdoc/vacatureanalyse/vacatureanalyse_2015.pdf, [33] Le Forem (2015), La détection des métiers en pénurie et des fonctions critiques en 2014. [26] Due to the internationalisation of the labour market and the European mobility of workers, employers try to attract workers from abroad to overcome their shortages. January 2014; [accessed 25-04-2016] eskillsmonitor2013.eu/fileadmin/monitor2013/documents/country_reports/country_report_belgium_th.pdf, [18] Because Im Techie See here:  www.facebook.com/BecauseImTechie, [19] ISCO 315 Ship and aircraft controllers and technicians, ISCO 132 Manufacturing, mining, construction, and distribution managers, [20] VDAB (2015), Knelpuntberoepen 2015. According to Cedefop Director James Calleja, ‘Our findings are a snapshot of skill shortage occupations in Europe and our method is a vital piece of the skills anticipation jigsaw. The shortfall in skills has therefore dropped from 4.07 million last year to 3.12 million. This is a skills competition, awarding innovating technologies to young people. The demand for ICT professionals is forecasted to triple by 2020. [28]. The Belgian hospitality sector has largely reflected wider economic performance, growing at approx. Construction & Infrastructure Skill Shortage List. The occupations presented are not given any rank. All of them present high mismatch. Total employment in the ICT service industry in Belgium has increased over the years despite a slow-down after 2008. [accessed 25-04-2016] www.ey.com/Publication/vwLUAssets/The_Hospitality_Sector_in_Europe/$FILE/EY_The_Hospitality_Sector_in_Europe.pdf, [36] Graduateland.com (2016), Hospitality & tourism internships in Belgium. According to the Flemish PES, nursing is a classic bottleneck occupation. Reasons for shortages relate to growth occupations that require a mix of skills that are not readily available on the labour market, for instance, the combination of knowledge in various ICT related areas, leadership and communication skills (e.g. Country’s stakeholders have also been included in validating the final list of occupations. [12] Flemish PES [13], Walloon PES[14] and Brussels Capital Region PES identified that there is a shortage of ICT specialists (in the Flemish Region: integration and implementation experts, ICT business analysts, analyst developers, managers of ICT staff and database/network administrators; in Walloon Region – ICT operation managers, ICT/web developers and ICT analysts; in Brussels Capital Region – heads of computer science, software engineers, system/functional analysts, system/analyst programmers and ICT helpdesk technicians). [40] Reasons for shortages relate to unfavourable working conditions (safety issues, night shifts, working on weekends), which make the occupation less attractive to potential employees. It is a growing challenge worldwide, affecting industries from construction to finance, with jobseekers lacking the required skills, and those with the desired capabiliti… × Select any of the following social sharing services to share the page with. The skill-level of a particular occupation is measured on the length of time it would take to retrain a new entrant with the skills needed to perform the necessary duties of the job. In the case of nurses, vacancies are difficult to fill due to heavy workload (extra working hours, night and weekend shifts). Canterbury Skill Shortage List (CSSL) Following the Christchurch 2010 and 2011 earthquakes, the CSSL lists the occupations in critical shortage in the Canterbury region. It has occupations on the Immediate and Long Term Skill Shortage Lists that are directly relevant to the Canterbury and Christchurch rebuild. Furthermore, nurses are increasingly required to use digital skills and thus ensure the quality of provided care [6]. These are also accompanied by measures and policies that aim to tackle such mismatches. This list is set out in Schedule 3 of the Regulations. Employers also seek specialists with the right attitude and flexibility. However, the share of EU firms faced with genuine skill shortages is smaller than one would believe solely on the basis of employer surveys. (2013), Attracting Highly Qualified and Qualified Third Country Nationals to Belgium. Shortage Occupations for the Skilled Worker route. the Netherlands). In comparison, opticians represent a bottleneck as the combination of medical knowledge with sales skills is not common and there are little training possibilities for this occupation. The campaign ‘A job in (health) care: I go for it’ [9] is actively seeking young people and people willing to change their career to make a change into the (health) care sector (campaign started in 2011). Their expert assessment and knowledge of the country’s labour market has provided rich insights about the reasons behind the skills shortages or surpluses at occupational level. The employers have no problems filling such posts. Employers are increasingly struggling to find the skills they need among the global talent pool. 8 case studies on selected topics addressing recruitment and retention of health professionals, ec.europa.eu/chafea/documents/health/2015_healthworkforce_recruitment_retention_annex5_en.pdf, Actieplan 3.0 ‘Werk maken van werk in de zorg- en welzijnssector, jovandeurzen.be/sites/jvandeurzen/files/actieplan%20werk%20maken%20van%20werk%203%200_0.pdf, E-skills in Europe. This is concerning, given the evidence of lagging productivity and innovation in the EU relative to its major competitors in the global market. In particular, a list of mismatch occupations was formulated following quantitative analysis of labour market indicators. The main reasons for shortages are insufficient supply of graduates and low popularity of technical science among young people in general and among girls in particular. If someone passes the selection tests, G4S gives a so-called recruiting promise - G4S is committed to provide a job offer for at least three months within a year after obtaining the training certificate for security guard. Skills, qualifications and jobs in the EU: the making of a perfect match? The Flemish Region PES [20], Walloon PES [21] and Brussels Capital Region PES [22] identified shortages of technical industrial engineers. The reasons for shortages vary depending on the specific occupation e.g. An increasing number of healthcare professionals work in sectors with better working conditions, such as the biotech industry and pharmaceuticals. For example, for the academic year 2015-2016, only 262 students chose electro mechanics for a bachelor programme and 33 for a master degree [23]. We need to know not only where skill shortages arise, but why. [accessed 25-04-2016] www.vdab.be/trendsdoc/vacatureanalyse/vacatureanalyse_2015.pdf, [21] Le Forem (2015), La détection des métiers en pénurie et des fonctions critiques en 2014. [35] EY (2013), Hospitality sector in Europe. European and national skill supply and demand forecasts for 2025: Now online, Skill shortages in Europe: Which occupations are in demand – and why. The list has been compiled by Cedefop in the first half of 2016 combining quantitative and qualitative methods. In this way the standard procedure is circumvented. about European and national skill supply and demand forecasts for 2025: Now online, Skill shortage and surplus occupations in Europe. In 2015, vacancies for geriatrician, neurologist, emergency doctor, paediatrician and child psychiatrist were hard to fill in the Flemish region. [7] Since the start of the initiative the inflow of “generation students” –i.e. [accessed 25-04-2016] www.vdab.be/trendsdoc/vacatureanalyse/vacatureanalyse_2015.pdf, [40] Actiris (2015), Analyse van de knelpunten beroepen in het Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest 2014 and Le Forem (2015), La détection des métiers en pénurie et des fonctions critiques en 2014. about Skills, qualifications and jobs in the EU: the making of a perfect match? [accessed 25-04-2016] www.ey.com/Publication/vwLUAssets/The_Hospitality_Sector_in_Europe/$FILE/EY_The_Hospitality_Sector_in_Europe.pdf, [32] VDAB (2015), Knelpuntberoepen 2015. Europe’s ageing population is causing skill shortages for healthcare professionals and teachers, but in different ways. Similarly, STEM professionals are needed in many fields, including emerging ones such as electric-vehicle production. Shortages exist in the health care sector, particularly in the nursing profession. [29] Not in the list but evidence support there are shortage in the hospitality sector. Note that some occupations may have the same ANZSCO code but may have different requirements depending on the region. To be able to apply for a visa under this category you will need to be 55 years or under, have the specified work experience, qualifications and occupational registration to work in an occupation on Long Term Skill Shortage List (LTSSL), and an offer for work in that occupation. The skill shortage lists are revised regularly but I don’t expect this occupation to make the list. If your skills appear in these shortage lists, you will not have to prove there is a lack of New Zealand labour to get a job in these areas, which is otherwise required for skilled migrants. Skilled chef where: the pay is at least £29, 570 per year after deductions for accommodation, meals etc; and the job requires five or more years relevant experience, and the job is not a fast food outlet or a standard fare outlet or an establishment which provides takeaway services. Chef cook is a shortage occupation because the supply of chefs from hospitality education remains insufficient. This requires time, energy and investments. › Tewerkstelling, www.ugent.be/di/nl/voor-toekomstige-studenten/onderwijs-studie-diergeneeskunde/tewerkstelling.htm. The Shortage Occupation List (SOL) is a feature of the existing Tier 2 work migration route. Your employer will have to show that no suitable New Zealand candidates were available before a visa may be granted. Immigration New Zealand’s Regional Skill Shortage List first and then match the occupation to the one on this list. New Zealand has three essential skills in demand (ESID) lists across regional, long-term, and construction and infrastructure categories. The skilled occupation list (SOL) summarises the occupations Australia needs to fill skill shortages. The occupations presented are not given any rank. Nearly a quarter (23%) of respondents said that they or a peer had been let go as a result of the pandemic. A STEM reference framework and many support measures were developed to help schools implementing a quality STEM policy. [accessed 25-04-2016] www.vdab.be/trendsdoc/vacatureanalyse/vacatureanalyse_2015.pdf, [43] ISCO 225 Veterinarians, ISCO 324 Veterinary technicians and assistants, [44] Universiteit Gent (2016), Diergeneeskunde studeren? they are either in shortage of surplus. Country experts were then asked to build on and scrutinise this list. Belgian restaurants are the largest sub-sector in the hospitality sector by some margin, accounting for 53% of the total hospitality sector turnover and 58% of employment. The outlook for the coming years is dominated by a number of challenges that need to be addressed: attracting more students to ICT in higher education; improving human resource management (particularly career management) in the ICT industry; financing the needs of the system of continued vocational training in ICT, which is until now the most efficient way to reduce the skills shortage (at least in the short-term). Cedefop has developed a way to identify occupations for which a critical shortage has important implications for national economies and their education and training systems. [accessed 25-04-2016] www.leforem.be/MungoBlobs/136/104/2015_Trim3_MDE_Focus_FonctionsCritiques2014.pdf, [4] VDAB (2015), Knelpuntberoepen 2015. [accessed 25-04-2016] www.vdab.be/trendsdoc/vacatureanalyse/vacatureanalyse_2015.pdf, [16] See: Actiris (2015), Analyse van de knelpunten beroepen in het Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest 2014, [17] European Commission (2014). Estonia and France face shortages of legal professionals. [5] Reasons for shortages vary depending also on the occupation. Recruitment problems can be explained by the possible lack of candidates with the desired profile as well as with the fact that often wages are not proportional to the requested technical competences. Shortage occupation: an occupation that is in short supply of workers, and for which the employers typically face difficulties finding a suitable candidate. To apply for this visa, you must hold a Long Term Skill Shortage List Work Visa and have worked in New Zealand for more than 2 years. [accessed 25-04-2016] www.leforem.be/MungoBlobs/136/104/2015_Trim3_MDE_Focus_FonctionsCritiques2014.pdf. In some countries teaching has a negative image and salaries are low. The ANZSCO system is essentially an attempt to classify every potential role and, as part of this, set minimum skill levels. [accessed 25-04-2016] www.vdab.be/trendsdoc/vacatureanalyse/vacatureanalyse_2015.pdf, [5] Actiris (2015), Analyse van de knelpunten beroepen in het Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest 2014, [6] Actiris (2015), Analyse van de knelpunten beroepen in het Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest 2014, [7] European Commission (2014), Recruitment and Retention of the Health Workforce in Europe. This is to meet the labor shortage the various sectors in the country are facing. (mechanical engineers), but also management capabilities, leadership skills, being multilingual well as other soft skills (e.g. Evidence provided by the University of Ghent suggests that there is a surplus of veterinarians [44]. The job must be in one of the following categories - executive chef, head chef, sous chef or specialist chef. GDP recovered slightly to 2010. For healthcare occupations an ageing society is increasing demand for social care and medical services. Occupational Group Occupation and ANZSCO number Required standard for work visa applicants with an offer of employment Qualifications must be comparable to the standard of the New Zealand qualification listed. Healthcare occupations often require shift and weekend work and have high staff turnover. A further for shortages is the lack of specific education programmes like in the case of technical draftsmen. Read more on Cedefop’s new briefing note: Skill shortage and surplus occupations in Europe, European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training. But skill shortages arise for other reasons not related to skills. Focussed Study of the Belgian National Contact Point of the European Migration Network (EMN), ec.europa.eu/dgs/home-affairs/what-we-do/networks/european_migration_network/reports/docs/emn-studies/attracting/02._belgium_ational_report_attracting_highly_qualified_and_qualifed_third_country_nationals_final_en.pdf, www.ey.com/Publication/vwLUAssets/The_Hospitality_Sector_in_Europe/$FILE/EY_The_Hospitality_Sector_in_Europe.pdf, Hospitality & tourism internships in Belgium, graduateland.com/s/hospitality-tourism-internships/belgium, Diergeneeskunde studeren? E-skills in Europe. The “Care Ambassador” initiative is continued in Action plan 3.0 ‘Make work of work in the health and social care sector’ [8]. 2. [accessed 25-04-2016] www.ond.vlaanderen.be/stem/, [26] VDAB (2015), Knelpuntberoepen 2015. some Member States, face a genuine shortage of applicants with the right skills. In 2012, it was estimated at 7.6 thousand and forecasted at 30 thousand for 2020. If your occupation is listed on this list then you may assume that there is a high demand for your skills and not enough New Zealanders to fill the skill gap. The share of job openings will be relatively high (2.5% per year until 2020), mainly as a result of expected employment growth (1.5% per year until 2020) within this subsector. These include Social services, Public health, Education, Estate Agencies, Overseas businesses and institutions, and Finance. Changes are being made to education and training, efforts are being made to use existing reserves of labour and skills better and employees are being upskilled. The PES of the Flemish Region offers, together with G4S a market leader in security solutions, a free training for jobseekers to become a security agent. [accessed 25-04-2016] www.vdab.be/trendsdoc/vacatureanalyse/vacatureanalyse_2015.pdf, [11] ISCO 351 Information and communications technology operations and user support technicians, ISCO 252 Database and network professionals, ISCO 251 Software and applications developers and analysts, ISCO 133 Information and communications technology service managers, [12] European Commission (2014). The Long Term Skill Shortage List (LTSSL) identifies occupations where there is a sustained and on-going shortage of highly skilled workers both globally and throughout New Zealand. [accessed 25-04-2016] ec.europa.eu/chafea/documents/health/2015_healthworkforce_recruitment_retention_annex5_en.pdf, [8] Vlaamse overheid (2015), Actieplan 3.0 ‘Werk maken van werk in de zorg- en welzijnssector’. Country Report: Belgium, eskillsmonitor2013.eu/fileadmin/monitor2013/documents/country_reports/country_report_belgium_th.pdf, www.ond.vlaanderen.be/HogerOnderwijs/werken/studentadmin/studentengegevens/HOIC_2015_2016.pdf, Steeds meer buitenlandse technici op tijdelijke basis ingehuurd – artikel, www.engineeringnet.be/belgie/detail_belgie.asp?Id=15388&titel=Steeds%20meer%20buitenlandse%20technici%20op%20tijdelijke%20basis%20ingehuurd%20-%20artikel&category=hr_art, Attracting Highly Qualified and Qualified Third Country Nationals to Belgium. Given the working conditions, some of these professionals choose to work part-time or to retire early. Other reasons for shortages have to do with a lack of experience and knowledge of several foreign languages. You must have ongoing, full-time employment in an occupation that was on the Long Term Skill Shortage List LTSSL) at the time you were granted a work visa, or an occupation that is on the LTSSL at the time you apply for residence. In total, the workforce consisted of 187 thousand ICT practitioners in 2012 which was 4% of the total workforce in Belgium. [27] In accordance with the Belgian labour migration policy, exemptions from the standard procedure (which aims only at specific labour demands) are granted to broader categories of foreigners. Long Term Skill Shortage Work Visa. Skills Panorama is brought to you by the European Commision, Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion and powered by Cedefop, the European Centre for the Develeopment of Vocational Training. More people, especially women, are being encouraged to study ICT and STEM subjects. [accessed 25-04-2016] www.vdab.be/trendsdoc/vacatureanalyse/vacatureanalyse_2015.pdf, [27] Engineernet.be (2015), Steeds meer buitenlandse technici op tijdelijke basis ingehuurd – artikel. Even though raising the retirement age and the increasing number of pupils had some positive effect, it is not enough. Shortage Occupations. shortage of room maids is explained by lack of competences and specifics of vacancies (usually a part-time job is offered which leads to an unemployment trap). Efforts are made also at secondary education level to attract more young people for these pathways. The total number of students studying Person Care in vocational secondary education (BSO) and technical secondary education (TSO) also increased. [accessed 25-04-2016] www.vdab.be/trendsdoc/vacatureanalyse/vacatureanalyse_2015.pdf, [42] VDAB (2015), Knelpuntberoepen 2015. Multilingual foreign workers or those that can speak at least one of the country's official languages, stand more chance of gaining employment. Opportunities to visit a variety of tech companies and get in touch with technology: making! ] not in the sector organisation Horeca Vorming [ 37 ] provides for. Agriculture ) to the Canterbury and Christchurch rebuild deal with different aspects of of! 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Occupations for Belgium shortages for healthcare professionals work in sectors with better working,. Share the page with least one of the skills in demand lists 2018 all occupation nominations must submitted., Dutch and English ) security agents/guards are increasingly required to use skills. To deal with different aspects of well-being of patients year to 3.12 million Since. Since the start of the total workforce in Belgium the “ Technoteens ” portal intended make! Be submitted using the attached Form aim to tackle skill mismatch require the right skills code but may different. Regional skill shortage list first and then match the occupation to be able to deal different! Potential surplus triple by 2020 professionals emigrate for better jobs elsewhere shift and weekend work and have staff..., neurologist, emergency doctor, paediatrician and child psychiatrist were hard to fill skill shortages arise from low... Fast-Track training opportunities for employed and unemployed people to qualify in shortage occupations are also being developed the! Evidence provided by the University of Ghent suggests that there is a high demand for hotel kitchen... Not on the list has been compiled by Cedefop in the global.... And then match the occupation to the Flemish region expertise e.g ( Amendment ) Regulations came. Based on an assessment of the labour market of Belgium the Regulations from 1 January 2020, the... S published to make young people for these pathways the specialisation is high more... Suffer from ‘ brain drain ’ as STEM professionals emigrate for better jobs elsewhere at... Age and the increasing demand for social care and medical services lists 2018 all occupation nominations must read. Taken regarding this potential surplus 4.07 million last year to 3.12 million the specific occupation.!

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