Type 176 passive search, which shared the same dome as the Type 174. a Type 278 height-finding radar halfway up the mainmast. Tiger class cruiser. Seaforth (2012) UK, p19, N. Friedman. However, their construction priority was considered low as British naval warfare at the time centred a lot around anti-submarine warfare - a role which ships of this class weren’t intended to fill. One of her 3inch gun is on display outside TS Tiger Leicester Sea Cadets, Leicester. "[21] The ship took part in operations in the Far East during the Indonesian Confrontation in the early 1960s. [13] Air conditioning was fitted throughout the ship, and a 200-line automatic telephone exchange was installed. Though Chile showed some interest in acquiring both ships, the sale did not proceed and the ships sat at anchor in an unmaintained condition until sold. Theoretically the heavier Mk 24 offered a DP capability with greater 60 degree elevation. Jump to navigation Jump to search. There were also doubts about the two ships' self-defence capabilities, (the 6-inch and 3-inch armament had never been reliable) and this coupled with the large complement (and potential loss of life if one of the cruisers was to be lost), caused much anxiety in the Admiralty. She was renamed Tiger in 1945, and was launched, partially constructed, on 25 October 1945. [24], Rear-Admiral Michael Pollock flew his flag in her as Flag Officer, Second-in-Command, Home Fleet, from 1965 – 1966. (a) & (b) The Fairfield Shipbuilding and Engineering Co Ltd, Govan, Glasgow. When Blake decommissioned in 1979, she had the distinction of being the last cruiser to serve the Royal Navy and her passing was marked on 6 December 1979, when she ceremonially fired her 6-inch guns for the last time in the English Channel. View 30 / 60 / 90 results. [3][17], Tiger was accepted by the Navy in March 1959,[1] and commissioned on 18 March 1959. HMS Tiger was a conventional cruiser of the British Royal Navy, one of a three-ship class known as the Tiger class. One aft twin mount 6 inch gun was removed to allow the addition of a large helicopter hangar and helicopter pad that would be capable of handling four helicopters. How… The first ship to be commissioned was HMS Tiger in 1959, with HMS Lion in 1960 and HMS Blake the following year, nearly two-decades after the ships had been laid down. Just a few days after the Falklands War started, both Blake and Tiger were rapidly surveyed to determine their condition for reactivation. "[23] During the 1964 general election campaign, the leader of the opposition, Harold Wilson, criticised the government for this during a speech at Plymouth. By 1957 HMS Superb after 12 years hard use was too worn to modernise, cost of structual modernisation inclined to double in cost after more than ten years at sea. After much material was stripped off her for use as spares for her sisters, Lion was subsequently sold for breaking up in 1975. Limited magazine capacity and gun reliability were less important than instantaneous response. Batch 1 (early Battle class - 16 ships): D 14 HMS Armada (1945-60) D 80 HMS Barfleur (1944-58) D 79 HMS Cadiz (1945-57) - sold to Pakistan D 32 HMS Camperdown (1945-62) D 55 HMS Finisterre (1945-67) … Rebuilding the Royal Navy. The actual modernisation planned and approved for Superb and Swiftsure in 1955-56 was different and limited, similar to HMS Belfast refit but in some ways reflecting thinking a decade in advance of the Tigers with the Swiftsure and Superb intended to have a larger more modern bridge and AIO 'potentially' able to accommodate modern 965 radar and the AIO, C3 and data links to carriers and the ability to process and proritise 8/15 air surface targets at once. Centaur and Bulwark could have been so converted. four MRS 3 fire control directors (one for each turret and Seacat mounting, each fitted with a Type 903 gunnery radar. ", Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson Ltd, Wallsend-on-Tyne, Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Tiger-class_cruiser?oldid=4546257, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls, 11,700 tons (12,080 tons after conversion of, 8,000 nautical miles (15,000 km) at 16 knots (30 km/h). Tiger class C - Cruiser; Flight Deck: Call Sign: MMWS : See Also: H Tiger conversion class C20: Events: Help Us: Add new event for this unit. "[8] They were described in Parliament as " effective ships for a long period to come, and especially is this true east of Suez, where distances are so gigantic. The Tigers, improved Fiji, standard 6 inch gun cruisers built for surface gun action and bombardment did represent innovation in being fitted with much better AIO and more automated weapon control for surface and later air engagement. See more ideas about cruisers, royal navy, warship. The mid-ship mounted two twin mount 3 in guns intended to me maintained for close air defence and GFS were finally also removed, when it was decided to replace the Westland Wessex helicopters with the much larger Westland Sea King, 3 of which could barely be accommodated in a further enlarged hangar,[12] which intruded too far into the 3-inch mounts arc of fire and the guns were replaced with two much lighter quad Seacat missile launchers. Correlli Barnett, The Verdict of Peace. The crew assisted with the rescue and recovery operation. The Standard of Power. The cruisers in reality had less self-defence capability. The original Mk 24 turrets were still under serious consideration of fitting in A and B position during the Korean War with the new Mk 6 twin 4.5s in Q and Y positions and possibly in P1 and S1 on the flanks. The Tiger then moved out to sea, but moved close to harbour when the Rhodesian delegation disembarked. The Tiger-class cruisers were the last cruisers built for the Royal Navy. The decision to complete the ships was based on the availability of hulls and expectation that the cruisers could be completed sooner (three years against 5 years) and cheaper (60% of the cost) than building new (8,000 ton) cruisers at a time when the existing cruiser fleet was ageing and its weapons and fire control were useless against modern aircraft. D. R. Thorpe.The Life of Harold MacMillan. Both Tiger and her sister-ship Blake were listed as part of the Standby Squadron, and moored inactive at HMNB Chatham. Significant work and trial would be required to bring the first 6 MK 24 turrets and cruisers into service by 1953. The conversions left Tiger and Blake some 380 tons heavier with a full displacement of 12,080 tons and their crew complements increased by 169 to 885. The Minotaur design had a broader 64 ft beam from HMS Superb on to accommodate the larger turrets. [3] However completing them to the 1946 plans or the mix of Mk 24 triples and Mk 6 4.5 mounts required 150 more crew, than fully automatic DP armament. English: The British Tiger class light cruisers were the last cruisers built for the Royal Navy. Conversion of two or three County class GMD's as anti submarine helicopter cruisers would have provided a quiet effective anti submarine vessel, as Chile did with 2 of its second hand County Class. The Tiger-class cruisers were originally designed to be Minotaur-class light cruisers, but they were laid down as World War II was ending, and accordingly only three were completed. The hours of Cabinet debate resulting in the worst cabinet decision on the RN in 20C. Twenty officers (including all twelve midshipmen) were put ashore at Gibraltar before the talks to "make room for the three delegations of the Prime Minister, the Governor of Rhodesia and Mr. The decision to finish them was controversial throughout their construction. Install my folder "Cruiser Tiger Class" with my panel, sound, aircraft.cfg and airfile first. [2] However the Tigers could have been completed in 1949-53 instead of the extensive reconstruction of HMS Birmingham and Newcastle and 2 early Daring class Destroyers with DC power. a Type 992Q surface search radar at the top of the foremast. 3. AA to AA. Armed with 9 6″/50 (15.2 cm) BL Mark XXIII guns in 3 triple turrets, they had the same big tubes as the rest of the Commonwealth light cruiser fleet. However, the large crews and limited helicopter capacity made Tigers' further fleet service limited to less than nine years. INFO - Tiger class Cruiser . [17], The Navy Estimates for 1959-60 gave her initial costs as £12,820,000,[1] whereas Jane's Fighting Ships gave her initial cost as £13,113,000. The Tiger-class cruisers were originally designed to be Minotaur-class light cruisers, but they were laid down as World War II was ending, and accordingly only three were completed. The forward 3 inch mount was retained for GFS and as a useful CIWS against Soviet anti ship missiles, but the 3 inch guns were slowed from 120 rpm to 90 rpm to reduce servicing and shell use. 4. Warning: Display title "Tiger class cruiser" overrides earlier display title "Tiger-class cruiser". The Tiger-class helicopter cruisers were the first of such a type in the Royal Navy, and the last cruisers built for the Royal Navy. After workup, now under Captain R. Hutchins, Tiger went on a round of autumn flag-showing visits to Gdynia, Stockholm, Kiel and Antwerp. These vessels had a low construction priority due to more pressing requirements for other ship types during World War II, particularly anti-submarine craft. These ships were the first and last helicopter cruisers to serve in the Royal Navy. The first of the County-class, HMS Hampshire, commissioned in November 1962. D.K Brown. The Royal Navy in the 20c. All Topics | Latest Posts. This page was last edited on 24 December 2020, at 00:40. She remained in service as such until placed in reserve in 1978 and was discarded in 1986. Bellerophon was renamed Tiger in 1945, and was launched, partially constructed, on 25 October 1945. five MRS 3 fire control directors (one for each turret), each fitted with a Type 903 gunnery radar. Object Title HMS TIGER, BRITISH TIGER CLASS CRUISER. The more advanced, HMS Hawke, perhaps surprisingly, for although she was still on the slip in the Portsmouth dockyard, her boilers and machinery were complete and her new six inch guns nearly so. Oct 25, 2020 - Explore Tazz Talbot's board "Tiger Class Cruiser", followed by 398 people on Pinterest. As all three ships required large crews, they were decommissioned into maintained reserve, starting in 1963 with Blake, followed by Lion in the autumn of 1965, and in December 1966, Tiger too was placed in reserve, to await modernisation. During the Second World War (1939-1945) eight Minotaur Class Light Cruisers were planned. The update of the old Tigers and carriers, was the alternative to two new 35,000 ton strike aircraft carriers. All RN gun cruisers would be out of service by 1967, due to cuts and manpower shortages. When the Falklands War broke out in early April 1982, both ships were rapidly surveyed and it was determined both were in very good material shape, and both were immediately drydocked (Tiger in Portsmouth and Blake at Chatham) and recommissioning work was begun. Rebuilding the RN Warship Design since 1945, Chatham, (2003) p 46-51, unilaterally declared independence from Britain, "Obituary, Ian Smith, Prime Minister of Rhodesia", "British Armed Forces (1860-), Royal Navy - Captains Commanding Warships", Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=HMS_Tiger_(C20)&oldid=996002720, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from December 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, After conversion: Four helicopters (originally, as built: 9,550 tons standard, 11,700 tons deep load, after conversion: 9,975 tons standard, 12,080 tons deep load, as built: Types 277Q, 903 (x5), 960, 992Q radars, Types 174, 176 and 185 sonars, after conversion: Types 278, 903 (x4), 965M, 992Q radars, Types 174, 176 and 185 sonars. London (2006) p 41-50, D. Brown & G. Moore. Category:Tiger class cruiser. Conversion of Blake and Tiger to helicopter cruisers in the 1960s left no money to convert Lion, and she was scrapped in 1975, after 8 years in reserve. Cruisers were seen as playing a secondary and complementary role to light fleet aircraft carriers in the defence of trade and attack on enemy shipping [6] and for AA defence of fleet carrier task forces substituting for the secondary AA batteries of WWII-era battleships and carriers particularly the 16 4.5 guns carried by British fleet carriers which only the new Eagle and Ark Royal were expected to provide in the 1950s. HMS Tiger was a conventional cruiser of the British Royal Navy, one of a three ship class known as the Tiger class. You need to play a total of 20 battles to post in this section. The new Mk 24 6 inch mounts were interim turrets which had remote power control and power worked breech. British Cruiser Design 1946-1956 in Warship 2006, Conway. Three other ships of the Minotaur class had their construction either suspended or cancelled in 1947; these later became the Ti… Smith. With 2 pairs of 274 and 275 directors. [27], Tiger was placed in reserve on 18 December 1966,[29] before undergoing conversion to a "helicopter and command cruiser" from 1968–72 in HMNB Devonport. By the end of 1915, she had been equipped … From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. C 20 HMS Tiger (ex Bellerophon) (1959-78) C 34 HM S Lion (ex Defence) (1960-72) C 99 HMS Blake (ex Tiger) (1961-79) Battle (24 ships) INFO - Battle class Destroyer . [12] The planned 40mm Bofors guns approved in 1954/57 as essential for close-in defence were omitted to give the crew space and comfort. Seaforth (2010)UK. [20], During reconstruction and in the following years, material cannibalised from Lion was used to patch both Tiger and Blake. The need for them ended with the Indonesian confrontation and Wilson's decision not to involve the RN in Vietnam. Bellerophon was renamed Tiger in 1945, and was launched, partially constructed, on 25 October 1945. FEBRUARY 1959, AT SEA. Reasonator; PetScan; Scholia; Statistics; Search depicted; Media in category "HMS Blake (C99) (ship, 1945)" The following 7 files are in this category, out of 7 total. Tiger-class cruiser class of British light cruisers. She had excellent command, control, and communications facilities installed, and found use as a flagship to task groups. [7][page needed] The restart of the Tiger class and reconstruction of other cruisers was delayed until 1955. Tiger started out as Bellerophon; she was laid down in 1941 at the John Brown Shipyard as part of the Minotaur class of light cruisers. Work on Tiger was suspended in 1946, and she was laid up at Dalmuir. Posts about Tiger class cruiser written by laststandonzombieisland. Copy the Gauges and Effects into the mainfolder of FSX. Im trying to find a kit set or plans of a dido class cruiser in the bellona group. Each 6 inch and 3 inch mounting had its own Medium Range System (MRS) 3 radar director. excluding cost of certain items (e.g. Mar 12, 2019 - Posts about Tiger class cruiser written by laststandonzombieisland Year: Month: - (1/12) Optional : Day: - (1/31) Optional : Text: Add Event: History of C20 HMS Tiger: 1941-oct-1: Laid down: as HMS Bellerophon: 1945-oct-25: Launched: 1959-mar-18: Commissioned: 1959-nov-27: damaged by fire: 1961-aug-5: Deployment: … (a) Scotts Shipbuilding & Engineering Co Ltd, Greenock (to launching stage). They had a low construction priority due to more pressing requirements for other ship types during World War II, particularly anti-submarine craft. [8] However Tigers 6-inch guns, usually jammed after 30 seconds firing,[9] and didn't offer sustained bombardment support; RN argued that the first 30 seconds of engaging jet aircraft and warships was the critical determinant and aircraft would be shot down with short bursts of fire. 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