The past perfect subjunctive Spanish or pluperfect subjunctive (el pluscuamperfecto de subjuntivo) is a mood that us native speakers use to talk about hypothetical situations that are related to the past. Yo espero que a tí te guste la música. In fact, we’re going to compare the simple present tense in the indicative mood vs. the subjunctive mood side by side, so that you can see similar they are. This way you can form phrases yourself in Spanish using the subjunctive mood. Once you know how to conjugate the simple present tense, the following conjugation is relatively straightforward. 4. (I don’t think I’ll go to the concert.) I want John to help me clean the house. As a general rule, don’t use the subjunctive mood to talk about your own actions. From there you have the yo form of the present Spanish subjunctive, from which the other conjugations for each pronoun follow this regular pattern of endings. Learning Spanish: The Subjunctive Mood The Subjunctive Mood is generally used after the following locations, when the action refers to future time, but the Indicative is used when the action refers to the past or present: Después que (after) Aunque (although) De modo que (so that) No obstante que (notwithstanding) Cuandoquiera que (whenever) Hasta que (until) Luego que (as soon as) Spanish verbs come in two moods: the indicative (stating the real) and the subjunctive (stating the hypothetical or wishes). (PS, we wrote a more in-depth post about the Present Subjunctive, including its conjugation, here) 2) Imperfect Subjunctive . The Subjunctive Mood While the indicative mood is used for statements of fact and reality, the subjunctive mood expresses hypothetical conditions. This post is part of the series: Learning Spanish: The Subjunctive Mood. This series is all about the subjunctive, which Spanish uses much more extensively than English. Present Subjunctive Spanish Conjugation. For those learning Spanish verbs, the WEDDING acronym for the subjunctive in Spanish is a useful device for navigating a sometimes tricky grammatical concept. You might, however, hear exceptions to this in spoken Spanish. In this online Spanish lesson, we will learn how to form phrases in the Spanish subjunctive mood. For example, "I say" in Spanish is digo, so all the present subjunctive endings will follow the root dig-. However, it’d be just as correct to use the indicative construction and say: No creo ir … Yo quiero que Juan me ayude a limpiar la casa. For example: No creo que (yo) vaya al concierto. Then, place an "-a" for "-er" and "-ir" verbs or an "-e" for "-ar" verbs at the end. When a sentences starts with one of these verbs, and the subject of the sentences changes after que, then the verb that follows que must be in the subjunctive mood. In this example, para que functions as a subordinating conjunction, and a conjugated form of tener is in the subjunctive mood. 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