“A Revision of Rhododendron. Sikkim is home to around 5,000 species of flowering plants, 515 rare orchids, 60 primula species, 36 rhododendron species, 11 oak varieties, 23 bamboo varieties, 16 conifer species, 362 types of ferns and ferns allies, 8 tree ferns, and over 900 medicinal plants. All Rights Reserved. This is the dwarfest rhododendron found in Sikkim but is nevertheless one of the most elegant and rare species. Among other animals, leopards, wild dogs, foxes, jackals, deer, Himalayan Palm civets are also found here. At that time he considered the then known six species of Azalea [15] that he had described earlier in 1735 in his Systema Naturae as a separate genus. Sikkim-Himalaya t. ... Rhododendron species ... China (NW-Yunnan), SE-Tibet, Bhutan, Sikkim, Myanmar [Burma], Nepal, NE-India. We always found this variety at around 8,600 feet where it grew with R. grande, R. griffithianum, and R. maddenii ssp. This makes it one of the leading states in the region in terms of production and supply … One of the most spectacular of his many outstanding introductions was Rhododendron dalhousiae Hook.f (1849) which was proclaimed by Hooker to be “the noblest species of the whole race.” Its amazing four-and-a-half-inch long creamy white to pale yellow flowers created quite a stir when it flowered for the first time in cultivation, a mere three years after seed was introduced by Hooker in 1950. Sikkim is rich in cultural and biological diversity. ©2000-2020 ITHAKA. Actinodaphne sikkimensis Sissi 7. Rhododendron argenteum one of Hooker’s new species published in The Rhododendrons of Sikkim-Himalaya. Barsey . This species is native to the broad-leaved forest zone on the lower slopes of the eastern Himalaya from 5,000 to 9,000 feet in elevation. Kuntze Homonyms Rhododendron pumilum Nutt. R. arboreum ssp. in rhododendron species. 6. R. argipeplum/smithii. roseum. The rhabdotum plants were growing in thickets on steep rocky slopes along the road where they could reach out to the sunlight. Rhododendron edgeworthii was one of the species discovered and named by Hooker. Typical yellowish cream fading to cream. Acer cambelli kapasi 5. The seeds were sown in thermacol cups and placed including sub-species and varieties) for the present in a polyhouse at Panthang. Situated on the Singalila … Rhododendron pumilum Hook.f. This species grows between 3300- 4000 m mostly in the Sikkim Hills. In fact, plants grown with a restricted root zone in this fashion will bloom much sooner than those grown under more favorable conditions in the ground. Rhododendrons are the dominant component of every forest type in the Sikkim Himalayas, and the plants change their shape, size, and flower characteristics with a rise in the elevation. At the time, our rhododendron tour group was traveling through a large tea estate on our way back to Gangtok, the capital city. … Gaining further height today, the trek will take you through enchanting trails tucked between hills and mountains. The upper surface of the foliage is dark green and slightly bullate with deeply impressed veins. 1990. Rhododendrons are the dominant component of every forest type in the Sikkim Himalayas, and the plants change their shape, size, and flower characteristics with a rise in the elevation. West Bengal, India: Primulaceae Books. They are tubular to funnel-campanulate in shape and range in color from white to cream or pale yellow, often flushed rose and usually with at least some fragrance. R. anthopogon. As with most epiphytic rhododendrons, R. dalhousiae can be quite straggly and open in its growth habit, ranging from fully upright and shrub-like to procumbent and sprawling. tashii by Pradhan & Lachungpa in Sikkim-Himalayan Rhododendrons (1990). Home Sikkim Rhododendron Trek. It is located in the Yumthang Valley of Flowers north of Lachung in North Sikkim district. This item is part of JSTOR collection Pradhan, U.C. For instance, one can see tall rhododendron species such as R. arboreum and R. falconeri in the lower temperate forests. Abstract- The genus Rhododendron belongs to the family Ericaceae and was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1737 in Genera Plantarum.Joseph Hooker’s visit to Sikkim Himalaya between 1848 and 1850 unfold the rhododendron world of this area. Varsey Rhododendron Sanctuary, West Sikkim: See 70 reviews, articles, and 154 photos of Varsey Rhododendron Sanctuary, ranked No.6 on Tripadvisor among 29 attractions in West Sikkim. The lowland forests of Sikkim are home to Sikkim's largest reptile Burmese python ,house geckos, the Himalayan … species/ name of Rhododendrons in Sikkim: (38 Species) SN Rhododendron species in Sikkim 1. maddenii. The trees containing the epiphytic rhododendrons occurred as scattered specimens throughout the plantation and were probably remnants of the former native broad-leaved forest left standing to provide shade for the tea and its harvesters. album D.Bhattach. A review on the rhododendron conservation effort in the Sikkim and other parts of Indian Himalaya is presented here, with particular emphasis on ecology, baseline assessment, uses, growth studies, ex situ and in situ conservation initiatives. In the background is the plateau Tso Lhamo, at 5,490 metres.- Conservation of the geographically diverse and bilogically rich state has become an ecological imperative. rhabdotum are quite similar except for the five bright red stripes running the length of each corolla lobe. … It is closely related to R. lindleyi and can often be difficult to distinguish from that species with which it shares a large portion of its range. 39(1). It is almost always quite leggy with the leaves and flowers clustered atop long vigorous shoots. He was the first to introduce many Sikkim rhododendron species to European Kanchendzonga, the rich flora and fauna of Sikkim, several herbal plants and the flourishing rhododendron forests will offer you a memorable experience. Davidian, H.H. tashii by Pradhan & Lachungpa in Sikkim-Himalayan Rhododendrons (1990). with the flower buds probably a bit more tender than this. 1983/077 Schick. One hundred Snow is in abundance after the autumn season. Hootman, S.E. [Pendulous Rhododendron, Nepali: Jhundinai Chimal]; The plant that was described in 1849 by Hooker came from Lachen in North Sikkim. Rhododendron dalhousiae: 6 Occurs in Pangthang,Chungthang and Lachungin North Sikkim … It has a slightly open habit and will grow as wide as it is tall. Flowering - June to July; Fruiting - November. rhabdotum are quite similar except for the five bright red stripes running the length of each corolla lobe. Most forms in cultivation are probably hardy to +10 or 15°F. Lithographed by Walter Hood Fitch. cinnamomeum. Further we visit Yumesamdong or locally knows as 0 point. Cream flowers with red stripes. Cullen, J. km, the place is renowned for being home to Red Panda and Black Bear, the rare Himalayan species. R. barbatum. JSTOR®, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA. It typically grows epiphytically in large trees but is also found on cliffs, large boulders, and occasionally terrestrially on steep slopes. The Editorial Board consists of experts from India and abroad in all scientific disciplines. Rhododendron Species Foundation: Records – 1964 to present. I will never forget the magnificent floral display and sheer abundance of this species in a small area of southern Sikkim. excellens, nuttallii, lindleyi, taggianum, liliiflorum, kiangsiense, levinei, and chunienii(?). The lower surface has small, dark brown to reddish scales over a brownish to glaucous-green surface. This wildlife attraction in Geyzing, Sikkim is known for its wide variety of rhododendron and several other species like Oak, Primula, Pine and Magnolia. These plants, once they have become “pot-bound” are actually quite tough and easy to maintain. Also, the calyx of R. lindleyi is distinctly fringed with long white hairs while that of R. dalhousiae is typically glabrous. Wonderful smoky purple mauve flowers in a ball shaped truss flower in April-May. Pelling. Request Permissions. To spot or encounter rare animals easily, you need to be at the right place at the right time. Rhododendron species, in Sikkim. University Rewa (M.P. Sprawled across an area of 104 sq. The small State … Sikkim-Himalayan Rhododendrons. L ater return to Lachung. Singalia in Sikkim is home to the Singalia National Park, which is home to some of the most exotic Himalayan animal species. Rhododendron megacalyx . A very closely related taxon, R. dalhousiae var. The various members of this Alliance, including R. dalhousiae, are not particularly responsive to being cut or pinched back although selective tip-pinching of young shoots from an early age should result in a well-branched, more or less bushy specimen. “A very compact and bushy form.”. Some of the representative endemic species of the state have also been listed. The leaves are three to eight inches in length and up to three inches wide, narrowly elliptic to somewhat obovate in shape. Vendor Information – 2019 Spring Plant Sale. Other members of this Alliance include RR. August 26, 2016 Trekking in sikkim Barsey Rhododendron sanctuary trek, Barsey Rhododendron trek, Rhododendron trek in Sikkim, Rhododendron Trek in west Sikkim, Sikkim Rhododendron trek, Trekking in Monastery admin. Forest, Environment & Wildlife Management Department, Government of Sikkim, Deorali, Gangtok – 737102 Website: www.sikenvis.nic.in Email: sik@envis.nic.in Tele/Fax: 03592-280381 Total no. R. arboreum ssp. Total no. Many of our large stock plants have been grown under these conditions for ten or more years and are still quite healthy and free blooming. Lepachas, Bhutias, Limbus and Nep alese are the main ethnie groups of Sikkim and they differ from each other in their food habits and lifestyle, which also play a major rôle in survival and conservation of Sikkim Himalayan rhododendrons. A fine species with interesting foliage, young growth has downy white indumentum on the underside of the leaves maturing into a lovely fawn colour on the mature leaves. However, trekking between the months of September to October is equally good if not better. Rhododendrons are viewed as indicators of ecosystem health of forest areas as these plants offer niche for several faunal species. Sikkim is blessed with some rare and exotic flora and fauna which features 5000 species of flowering plant, 515 rare orchids, 60 primula species, and 36 rhododendron species. It occurs in habitats and elevations similar to those of R. dalhousiae but is found only at the eastern end of the range of that species (northeastern India (Arunachal Pradesh), Bhutan, & southern Tibet). In addition, tourists can also find a glimpse of species of musk deer, Himalayan black bear and red panda frequently in this sanctuary. Rhododendrons conservation in the Sikkim Himalaya K. K. Singh*, S. Kumar, L. K. Rai and A. P. Krishna Rhododendrons form a major plant group at upper temperate locations having a characteristic slow growth rate and sizable horticultural value. Sikkim Rhododendron Trek. This makes it one of the leading states in the Northeast region in terms of production and supply of cut flowers to mainland consumer markets. The flowers of var. Forest, Environment & Wildlife Management Department, Government of Sikkim, Deorali, Gangtok – 737102 Website: www.sikenvis.nic.in Email: sik@envis.nic.in Tele/Fax: 03592-280381 Total no. He listed five species under Rhododendron (Rhododendron ferrugineum (type species), R. dauricum, R. hirsutum, R. chamaecistus (now Rhodothamnus chamaecistus (L.) Rchb.) Vol. Barsey (Varsey) is a Wildlife Sanctuary in West Sikkim. km, the place is renowned for being home to Red Panda and Black Bear, the rare Himalayan species. Populations of this species in northern Sikkim are described as being uniformly lemon-green in color and have been designated as ssp. Over that short period of time, Joseph D. Hooker, in his thorough exploration of Sikkim and the immediate surrounding areas, managed to introduce into cultivation nearly every rhododendron native to that region of the Himalaya. In Spring, from late April to mid May, the forests of sikkim are ablaze with brilliant Rhododendron blossoms both in Low and High Altitude region. Bibliographic References rhabdotum in my own garden in West Seattle and have found that judicious pinching back for the first two or three years results in a well-branched small tree. Varsey Rhododendron Sanctuary, West Sikkim: Hours, Address, Varsey Rhododendron Sanctuary Reviews: 4.5/5 rhabdotum) is also the bearer of awards, including the AM in 1931 to a clone shown by Bodnant and the FCC to clone shown by Exbury in 1934. Fringed with long white hairs while that of R. lindleyi generally occurs at slightly higher where! Protected area in all but the mildest gardens and grows from massy mats on avalanche slopes ( Pradhan Lachungpa... 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And Lachungpa, 1990 ) make the ideal container plant owing to its vigorous and habit. Fully evaluated Synonyms Azalea hodgsonii ( Hook.fil. be seen and marvelled at in today. Have also been listed rhabdotum are quite similar except for the five bright red stripes running the of.