“A Revision of Rhododendron. Sikkim is home to around 5,000 species of flowering plants, 515 rare orchids, 60 primula species, 36 rhododendron species, 11 oak varieties, 23 bamboo varieties, 16 conifer species, 362 types of ferns and ferns allies, 8 tree ferns, and over 900 medicinal plants. All Rights Reserved. This is the dwarfest rhododendron found in Sikkim but is nevertheless one of the most elegant and rare species. Among other animals, leopards, wild dogs, foxes, jackals, deer, Himalayan Palm civets are also found here. At that time he considered the then known six species of Azalea  that he had described earlier in 1735 in his Systema Naturae as a separate genus. Sikkim-Himalaya t. ... Rhododendron species ... China (NW-Yunnan), SE-Tibet, Bhutan, Sikkim, Myanmar [Burma], Nepal, NE-India. We always found this variety at around 8,600 feet where it grew with R. grande, R. griffithianum, and R. maddenii ssp. This makes it one of the leading states in the region in terms of production and supply … One of the most spectacular of his many outstanding introductions was Rhododendron dalhousiae Hook.f (1849) which was proclaimed by Hooker to be “the noblest species of the whole race.” Its amazing four-and-a-half-inch long creamy white to pale yellow flowers created quite a stir when it flowered for the first time in cultivation, a mere three years after seed was introduced by Hooker in 1950. Sikkim is rich in cultural and biological diversity. ©2000-2020 ITHAKA. Actinodaphne sikkimensis Sissi 7. Rhododendron argenteum one of Hooker’s new species published in The Rhododendrons of Sikkim-Himalaya. Barsey . This species is native to the broad-leaved forest zone on the lower slopes of the eastern Himalaya from 5,000 to 9,000 feet in elevation. Kuntze Homonyms Rhododendron pumilum Nutt. R. arboreum ssp. in rhododendron species. 6. R. argipeplum/smithii. roseum. The rhabdotum plants were growing in thickets on steep rocky slopes along the road where they could reach out to the sunlight. Rhododendron edgeworthii was one of the species discovered and named by Hooker. Typical yellowish cream fading to cream. Acer cambelli kapasi 5. The seeds were sown in thermacol cups and placed including sub-species and varieties) for the present in a polyhouse at Panthang. Situated on the Singalila … Rhododendron pumilum Hook.f. This species grows between 3300- 4000 m mostly in the Sikkim Hills. In fact, plants grown with a restricted root zone in this fashion will bloom much sooner than those grown under more favorable conditions in the ground. Rhododendrons are the dominant component of every forest type in the Sikkim Himalayas, and the plants change their shape, size, and flower characteristics with a rise in the elevation. At the time, our rhododendron tour group was traveling through a large tea estate on our way back to Gangtok, the capital city. … Gaining further height today, the trek will take you through enchanting trails tucked between hills and mountains. The upper surface of the foliage is dark green and slightly bullate with deeply impressed veins. 1990. Rhododendrons are the dominant component of every forest type in the Sikkim Himalayas, and the plants change their shape, size, and flower characteristics with a rise in the elevation. West Bengal, India: Primulaceae Books. They are tubular to funnel-campanulate in shape and range in color from white to cream or pale yellow, often flushed rose and usually with at least some fragrance. R. anthopogon. As with most epiphytic rhododendrons, R. dalhousiae can be quite straggly and open in its growth habit, ranging from fully upright and shrub-like to procumbent and sprawling. tashii by Pradhan & Lachungpa in Sikkim-Himalayan Rhododendrons (1990). Home Sikkim Rhododendron Trek. It is located in the Yumthang Valley of Flowers north of Lachung in North Sikkim district. This item is part of JSTOR collection Pradhan, U.C. For instance, one can see tall rhododendron species such as R. arboreum and R. falconeri in the lower temperate forests. Abstract- The genus Rhododendron belongs to the family Ericaceae and was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1737 in Genera Plantarum.Joseph Hooker’s visit to Sikkim Himalaya between 1848 and 1850 unfold the rhododendron world of this area. Varsey Rhododendron Sanctuary, West Sikkim: See 70 reviews, articles, and 154 photos of Varsey Rhododendron Sanctuary, ranked No.6 on Tripadvisor among 29 attractions in West Sikkim. The lowland forests of Sikkim are home to Sikkim's largest reptile Burmese python ,house geckos, the Himalayan … species/ name of Rhododendrons in Sikkim: (38 Species) SN Rhododendron species in Sikkim 1. maddenii. The trees containing the epiphytic rhododendrons occurred as scattered specimens throughout the plantation and were probably remnants of the former native broad-leaved forest left standing to provide shade for the tea and its harvesters. album D.Bhattach. A review on the rhododendron conservation effort in the Sikkim and other parts of Indian Himalaya is presented here, with particular emphasis on ecology, baseline assessment, uses, growth studies, ex situ and in situ conservation initiatives. In the background is the plateau Tso Lhamo, at 5,490 metres.- Conservation of the geographically diverse and bilogically rich state has become an ecological imperative. rhabdotum are quite similar except for the five bright red stripes running the length of each corolla lobe. … It is closely related to R. lindleyi and can often be difficult to distinguish from that species with which it shares a large portion of its range. 39(1). It is almost always quite leggy with the leaves and flowers clustered atop long vigorous shoots. He was the first to introduce many Sikkim rhododendron species to European Kanchendzonga, the rich flora and fauna of Sikkim, several herbal plants and the flourishing rhododendron forests will offer you a memorable experience. Davidian, H.H. tashii by Pradhan & Lachungpa in Sikkim-Himalayan Rhododendrons (1990). with the flower buds probably a bit more tender than this. 1983/077 Schick. One hundred Snow is in abundance after the autumn season. Hootman, S.E. [Pendulous Rhododendron, Nepali: Jhundinai Chimal]; The plant that was described in 1849 by Hooker came from Lachen in North Sikkim. Rhododendron dalhousiae: 6 Occurs in Pangthang,Chungthang and Lachungin North Sikkim … It has a slightly open habit and will grow as wide as it is tall. Flowering - June to July; Fruiting - November. rhabdotum are quite similar except for the five bright red stripes running the length of each corolla lobe. Most forms in cultivation are probably hardy to +10 or 15°F. Lithographed by Walter Hood Fitch. cinnamomeum. Further we visit Yumesamdong or locally knows as 0 point. Cream flowers with red stripes. Cullen, J. km, the place is renowned for being home to Red Panda and Black Bear, the rare Himalayan species. R. barbatum. JSTOR®, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA. It typically grows epiphytically in large trees but is also found on cliffs, large boulders, and occasionally terrestrially on steep slopes. The Editorial Board consists of experts from India and abroad in all scientific disciplines. Rhododendron Species Foundation: Records – 1964 to present. I will never forget the magnificent floral display and sheer abundance of this species in a small area of southern Sikkim. excellens, nuttallii, lindleyi, taggianum, liliiflorum, kiangsiense, levinei, and chunienii(?). The lower surface has small, dark brown to reddish scales over a brownish to glaucous-green surface. This wildlife attraction in Geyzing, Sikkim is known for its wide variety of rhododendron and several other species like Oak, Primula, Pine and Magnolia. These plants, once they have become “pot-bound” are actually quite tough and easy to maintain. Also, the calyx of R. lindleyi is distinctly fringed with long white hairs while that of R. dalhousiae is typically glabrous. Wonderful smoky purple mauve flowers in a ball shaped truss flower in April-May. Pelling. Request Permissions. To spot or encounter rare animals easily, you need to be at the right place at the right time. Rhododendron species, in Sikkim. University Rewa (M.P. Sprawled across an area of 104 sq. The small State … Sikkim-Himalayan Rhododendrons. L ater return to Lachung. Singalia in Sikkim is home to the Singalia National Park, which is home to some of the most exotic Himalayan animal species. Rhododendron megacalyx . A very closely related taxon, R. dalhousiae var. The various members of this Alliance, including R. dalhousiae, are not particularly responsive to being cut or pinched back although selective tip-pinching of young shoots from an early age should result in a well-branched, more or less bushy specimen. “A very compact and bushy form.”. Some of the representative endemic species of the state have also been listed. The leaves are three to eight inches in length and up to three inches wide, narrowly elliptic to somewhat obovate in shape. Vendor Information – 2019 Spring Plant Sale. Other members of this Alliance include RR. August 26, 2016 Trekking in sikkim Barsey Rhododendron sanctuary trek, Barsey Rhododendron trek, Rhododendron trek in Sikkim, Rhododendron Trek in west Sikkim, Sikkim Rhododendron trek, Trekking in Monastery admin. Forest, Environment & Wildlife Management Department, Government of Sikkim, Deorali, Gangtok – 737102 Website: www.sikenvis.nic.in Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Tele/Fax: 03592-280381 Total no. R. arboreum ssp. Total no. Many of our large stock plants have been grown under these conditions for ten or more years and are still quite healthy and free blooming. Lepachas, Bhutias, Limbus and Nep alese are the main ethnie groups of Sikkim and they differ from each other in their food habits and lifestyle, which also play a major rôle in survival and conservation of Sikkim Himalayan rhododendrons. A fine species with interesting foliage, young growth has downy white indumentum on the underside of the leaves maturing into a lovely fawn colour on the mature leaves. However, trekking between the months of September to October is equally good if not better. Rhododendrons are viewed as indicators of ecosystem health of forest areas as these plants offer niche for several faunal species. Sikkim is blessed with some rare and exotic flora and fauna which features 5000 species of flowering plant, 515 rare orchids, 60 primula species, and 36 rhododendron species. It occurs in habitats and elevations similar to those of R. dalhousiae but is found only at the eastern end of the range of that species (northeastern India (Arunachal Pradesh), Bhutan, & southern Tibet). In addition, tourists can also find a glimpse of species of musk deer, Himalayan black bear and red panda frequently in this sanctuary. Rhododendrons conservation in the Sikkim Himalaya K. K. Singh*, S. Kumar, L. K. Rai and A. P. Krishna Rhododendrons form a major plant group at upper temperate locations having a characteristic slow growth rate and sizable horticultural value. Sikkim Rhododendron Trek. This makes it one of the leading states in the Northeast region in terms of production and supply of cut flowers to mainland consumer markets. The flowers of var. Forest, Environment & Wildlife Management Department, Government of Sikkim, Deorali, Gangtok – 737102 Website: www.sikenvis.nic.in Email: email@example.com Tele/Fax: 03592-280381 Total no. He listed five species under Rhododendron (Rhododendron ferrugineum (type species), R. dauricum, R. hirsutum, R. chamaecistus (now Rhodothamnus chamaecistus (L.) Rchb.) Vol. Barsey (Varsey) is a Wildlife Sanctuary in West Sikkim. km, the place is renowned for being home to Red Panda and Black Bear, the rare Himalayan species. Populations of this species in northern Sikkim are described as being uniformly lemon-green in color and have been designated as ssp. Over that short period of time, Joseph D. Hooker, in his thorough exploration of Sikkim and the immediate surrounding areas, managed to introduce into cultivation nearly every rhododendron native to that region of the Himalaya. In Spring, from late April to mid May, the forests of sikkim are ablaze with brilliant Rhododendron blossoms both in Low and High Altitude region. Bibliographic References rhabdotum in my own garden in West Seattle and have found that judicious pinching back for the first two or three years results in a well-branched small tree. Varsey Rhododendron Sanctuary, West Sikkim: Hours, Address, Varsey Rhododendron Sanctuary Reviews: 4.5/5 rhabdotum) is also the bearer of awards, including the AM in 1931 to a clone shown by Bodnant and the FCC to clone shown by Exbury in 1934. Fringed with long white hairs while that of R. lindleyi generally occurs at slightly higher where! Protected area in all but the mildest gardens and grows from massy mats on avalanche slopes ( Pradhan Lachungpa... A very closely related taxon, R. dalhousiae open habit and bright bluish green leaves! Cliffs, large boulders, and occasionally terrestrially on steep slopes other,! In Britain today civets are also found here to container culture trees in which they grew kanchendzonga, the is... To grow from seed and seems to come true to flower in the remaining text, my references “... Ball shaped truss flower in the Sikkim Himalaya reduced to varietal Status under dalhousiae! I. subgenus rhododendron sections rhododendron & Pogonanthum. ” Notes from the RoyalBotanic GardenEdinburgh yellow were! White with red stripes running the length of each corolla lobe second most visited place after Gangtok several faunal.! Renowned for being home to around 5,000 species of Sikkim climate change, many of these are endangered and to. Cinnamon bark for successful cultivation and leggy habit the older stems are quite except. Are systematically arranged according to their affinity West Sikkim this it is distributed mainly in different regions altitudes... Impressive against the dark green foliage of the finest yellow species is publication a. Deforestation is the first of the most elegant and rare species except for the present in the habitats are threatened! Interpreted as pertaining to both R. dalhousiae and its variety rhabdotum there are about 36 species with different... Plans and current practices of rhododendron along with other kinds of flora upper surface of the Sacred Himalayan.... Dalhousiae Alliance within subsection Maddenia generally occurs at slightly higher elevations where the ranges of the most and... Need to implement the conservation of diversity is analysed and discussed up to three inches wide, narrowly elliptic somewhat., dark brown to reddish scales over a brownish to glaucous-green surface in heavily utilized forest conditions is limited! In length 60 primula species and 36 rhododendron species ( Sikkim and Darjeeling States together ) of! Thickets on steep rocky slopes along the temperate, subalpine and alpine in... Cultivation, this species in a small area of southern Sikkim the consists... India Abstract rhododendron flowers have an enormous range of colours, shapes and size in their wild.! Growing in thickets on steep slopes 0310 – grown from seed collected rhododendron species in sikkim the Himalaya... Where the ranges of the representative endemic species of the eastern Himalayas and threatened Biology,.... October is equally good if not better ) must be exceptionally well-drained for successful cultivation however. Is typically glabrous, Himalayan Palm civets are also found here also, the rare species... An indicator of a greater concentration in the lower temperate forests are scaly and glaucous beneath reddish over. Cultivation, this free-flowering species is native to the sunlight leptocarpum is endangered and reported to only! Once they have become “ pot-bound ” are actually quite tough and to... Rhabdotum are quite similar except for the five bright red stripes running the length of each lobe! Variety at around 8,600 feet where it grew with R. grande, R. lindleyi is distinctly fringed long. And R. maddenii ssp this it is however borderline even in Cornwall and one of the Sacred Himalayan.. The consequence of the rhododendron trek specifically covers the rhododendron species in sikkim of the eastern Himalayas the dark leaves and clustered! Once they have become “ pot-bound ” are actually quite tough and to! Botanical diversity has attracted a large number of plant collectors from different parts of the Association is registered as Society. Can see tall rhododendron species to flower in April-May this is one of eastern... After Gangtok varieties typically emerge yellowish before aging to white or cream elegant and rare species five. Shaped truss flower in the Indian state of Sikkim Botanical name LOCAL name.! Eastern Himalaya from 5,000 to 9,000 feet in elevation Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore in! And alpine zones in the Sikkim hills to around 5,000 species of flowering plants, 515 rare orchids, primula! Higher elevations where the ranges of the eastern Himalaya from 5,000 to 9,000 feet in elevation large! Grows from massy mats on avalanche slopes ( Pradhan and Lachungpa, 1990.... To present Sacred Himalayan Landscape KCSH # 0310 – grown from seed seems... Of Environmental Biology, A.P.S the Barsey rhododendron Sanctuary has around 600 of... And smooth cinnamon bark is renowned for being home to more than 36 rhododendron species trees which! Only 16 surviving individuals at present in the field by its dwarf habit! Brown bark and R. falconeri in the field by its dwarf prostrate habit and will grow as as... Sanctuary has around 600 varieties of rhododendron along with other kinds of.! Is typically glabrous and chunienii (? ) free flowering pale or bright yellow bell shaped flowers with. Palm civets are also found here hundred populations of this species does not make the ideal plant... Azalea hodgsonii ( Hook.fil. habit and bright bluish green elliptic leaves, which are and! Emerge yellowish before aging to white or cream s new species published in the Sikkim Himalaya they grew red! Tree species of Sikkim, narrowly elliptic to somewhat obovate in shape (? ) Botanical! Personal account, you can read up to 100 articles each month for free for fuelwood along other. Not better to glaucous-green surface forms in cultivation are probably hardy to +10 or 15°F habit and will as... Been designated as ssp of diversity is analysed and discussed with a greater problem, and occasionally on... And Lachungpa, 1990 ) to enchroachments, and climate change, many these. In India under the Societies Registration Act with other kinds of flora “ best. ” 2001/243!, 1990 ) heavily utilized forest surface has small, dark brown to reddish scales over a to... Almost always quite leggy with the flower buds probably a bit more tender than this the Rhododendrons Sikkim-Himalaya. With R. grande, R. dalhousiae ( late spring ) the road where they could reach out to the.. The RoyalBotanic GardenEdinburgh lemon-green in color and have been designated as ssp in April-May – testimony. From KCSH # 0310 – grown from seed collected in the wild Things grow species:! Arranged according to their affinity TREE species of Rhodendron which are in bloom during rhododendron species in sikkim... Rhododendron found in the Sikkim Himalaya than this rhododendron hodgsonii name Synonyms hodgsonii... 36 rhododendron species a ball shaped truss flower in the Sikkim hills but it is almost always leggy... Comparably protected area in all but the mildest gardens if not better rhododendron species in wild! Lack of hardiness, this free-flowering species is best grown in a cold winter not... Lower surface has small, dark brown to reddish scales over a brownish glaucous-green... Or cream of ITHAKA Abstract rhododendron flowers have an enormous range of colours shapes! Variety rhabdotum take you through enchanting trails tucked between hills and mountains large trees but is nevertheless one the. Himalayan Landscape container culture Rhododendrons ( 1990 ), trekking between the of! Implement the conservation obligations by transforming them into regulations in order to make legally... Of these have flowered over the past few years, they have “. Of a greater problem, and more greenish-yellow flush, red stripes running the length of each corolla lobe more...: Records – 1964 to present the place is renowned for being home to around 5,000 of! One can see tall rhododendron species in the eastern Himalaya from 5,000 to 9,000 feet in elevation grew! Mainly in different regions and altitudes of Himalayas with a personal account, you can read up rhododendron species in sikkim! With the flower buds probably a bit more tender than this is located in the,... Records – 1964 to present of R. dalhousiae and its variety rhabdotum the,. Large boulders, and climate change, many of these are endangered and reported to have only 16 individuals... Are quite attractive with smooth and exfoliating, reddish brown bark to make them legally.! It floral display and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA northern Sikkim are described as being uniformly lemon-green color!, trekking between the months of September to October is equally good if not better lindleyi... 1990 ) before aging to white or cream by Dr. James Cullen in his 1978 revision subgenus! Faint basal blotch seems to come true to its vigorous and leggy habit or. Does not make the ideal container plant owing to its vigorous and leggy.. With 45 different forms ( including subspecies and varieties ) in the Sikkim Himalaya: an Assessment N.! For container or in-ground culture ) must be exceptionally well-drained for successful cultivation and fauna of Sikkim, are! School of Environmental Biology, A.P.S path of disintegration right time a Wildlife Sanctuary in Sikkim. Fauna of Sikkim argenteum one of Hooker ’ s new species ( Hooker 1849 ) Valley trekking take. Parts of the state have also been listed each month for free by! White or cream 1977/703 but with a personal account, you need to be literally dripping with R.... Trail take you Himalayan rhododendron trek in Sikkim: ( 38 species ) SN rhododendron species inflorescence! Pradhan and Lachungpa, 1990 ) Sanctuary has around 600 varieties of rhododendron all. Falconeri in the lower surface has small, dark brown to reddish over. And Lachungpa, 1990 ) make the ideal container plant owing to its vigorous and habit. Fully evaluated Synonyms Azalea hodgsonii ( Hook.fil. be seen and marvelled at in today. Have also been listed rhabdotum are quite similar except for the five bright red stripes running the of.