Also, adding fresh galangal root to your recipes may reduce your risk of vibriosis, an infection caused by eating undercooked shellfish (29, 30). However, this study was simply the beginning, as much more research must be done to examine the effects of this extract on healthy cells before testing it in living subjects. Research displays that galangal root exhibits an anti-inflammatory effect on the body in a general manner and against specific conditions. However, study findings out of China indicate that galangal’s anti-inflammatory activity seems to have a positive impact on acute lung injury and may be a significant treatment option in the future. People consuming higher amounts of the herb may experience galangal side effects like upset stomach, diarrhea and low energy. & detox juicing guide. No galangal recipe would be complete without a delicious Tom Ka Gai recipe, so this is a great starting point. In cooking, you can use both the fresh herb and the dried rhizomes. It can add flavor, antioxidants, and anti-inflammatory compounds to your dishes and may provide a slew of health benefits. Last medically reviewed on November 14, 2019, Mayo is a popular condiment for sandwiches and often used as a base for salad dressings and sauces. Alpina species of galangal, the type you are most apt to find in a market and grow as a herb, is also called lesser galangal. What Is Lesser Galangal? You’ll be able to find galangal powder and galangal root at some health food or specialty stores. Heat until it chars. Most scientific research focuses on either the greater or lesser plant species. Unfortunately, acute lung injury is often fatal. Like galangal root, ginger and turmeric are rich in antioxidants and have anti-inflammatory properties that may reduce joint stiffness and pain (28, 34, 35, 36). Although this finding is interesting, it’s unclear whether the effect was due to galangal root or pomegranate fruit extract. The root of the plant (technically the “rhizome”) is used as flavouring in cooking. Another key difference has … Our team aims to be not only thorough with its research, but also objective and unbiased. The word galangal refers to the root of several plants of the Zingiberaceae family. Both are used in South East Asian cooking. Leukemia : One study published in 2013 found that extracts from lesser galangal leaf had excellent anticancer activities against leukemia cells. As an old Ag. There are also two very different types of galangal: greater galangal (which is usually known simply as ‘galangal’ or ‘kha’ in Thai) and lesser galangal (always referred to as ‘lesser galangal’ or ‘krachai’ in Thai). Many people describe its flavor as simultaneously earthy and citrus-like, with a spicy kick. Here are 8 tasty fish…, Pu-erh tea offers a number of antibacterial and anti-inflammatory-based benefits to help improve overall health and well-being. However, no studies have directly linked galangal root to these effects, so more research is needed before strong conclusions can be made. The name of Alpinia officinarum was given to the herb, as the source of Lesser Galangal. The rhizome will grow 3 inches (7 1/2 cm) long, and maybe 3/4 inch (2 cm) wide. Lesser galangal is an herb from the ginger family, a perennial that grows to a height of about 5 feet, with flowers with white petals. One study in Denmark looked into the effect a galangal rhizome, paired with a pomegranate fruit extract, had on sperm in healthy human males. © 2005-2020 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. One serving of galangal root (100 grams) contains about: The most striking health benefit of galangal, suggested by a massive (and growing) body of scientific research, is its ability to fight and potentially prevent a broad number of cancers and tumors. It’s one of the only flavors to add spice without the presence of capsaicin. But try this one on for size as the weirdest galangal fact — in 2015, researchers in Malaysia discovered that galangal may actually be an incredibly effective defense against termites. This article reviews…. GALANGAL: has a sharp, citrusy flavour, with white/pink flesh. Galangal is a relatively hypo-allergenic food, actually suggested in some texts to decrease the intensity of allergic reactions, so the chances are good that you won’t experience any allergy symptoms after consuming it. Lesser galangal, or Alpinia officinarum, is most commonly used. Galangal can also have flavors similar to citrus and pine, which are not found in most forms of ginger but which do occur in some. are clickable links to medically peer-reviewed studies. If you have GERD or peptic ulcer disease, it’s probably best to avoid this one unless recommended by your primary care physician. Teacher , with cancer I have been unable to find any Lesser Galangal for planting . The best part about galangal, though, is the way it fights to keep your body healthy. Well, now that we’ve figured that out, what’s it good for? I promise, I’m not trying to fool you — this is not ginger. It may even protect against infections and certain types of cancer, but more research is needed. Other names: China root, colic root, East India catarrh, India root. One more particularly significant condition that may benefit from galangal treatment is acute lung injury leading to acute respiratory distress syndrome. You can also grind it to a powder and create your own homemade supplements, create a tea or just chop or mince it for use in a variety of dishes. Galangal (Alphina galanga) is herbal tuberous plant from genus Alphina.It is sometime confusingly with Kaempferia galanga or Kencur.Galangal is perrenial plant which can grow around year with 1.8-2.1 m in height. These include boosting male fertility and protecting you from infections and potentially even certain forms of cancer. The researchers in Jamaica conducting the study indicate that this could be a potential cure for this form of leukemia, and that’s not a word scientists use lightly. Our team includes licensed nutritionists and dietitians, certified health education specialists, as well as certified strength and conditioning specialists, personal trainers and corrective exercise specialists. Interestingly, while all three of these have gastrointestinal benefits, galangal may actually increase the amount of stomach acid in some individuals and is not recommended for people with GERD or peptic ulcer disease, whereas the other two can actually be used to treat those conditions. In Ayurvedic medicine and other Asian cultures, it’s used to calm upset stomachs, resolve diarrhea, reduce vomiting and even stop hiccups. While galangal and ginger are two different roots, they do come from the same family. Galangal root has been employed in traditional medicine as a remedy for various ailments, and an increasing number of scientific studies support these uses. This article is based on scientific evidence, written by experts and fact checked by our trained editorial staff. ), Chia Seeds Benefits: The Omega-3, Protein-Packed Superfood, 9 Proven Black Seed Oil Benefits that Boost Your Health, Top 15 Potassium-Rich Foods to Start Eating Today, What Is Allspice? One study proposes that by cooking shellfish with this herb, you may also have a better chance of inhibiting the impact of a bacteria known as vibrio. Turmeric and galangal, because of their ability to suppress TNF-alpha, both help promote the health of the brain. The Greater Galangal is a native of Java (A. Galanga or Maranta Galanga), and is much larger, of an orange-brown colour, with a feebler taste and odour. In cooking, feel free to experiment with it. Good — you should be, because this stuff is awesome! This article examines the evidence for and against eating soy. Emerging evidence suggests that galangal root may boost male fertility. What’s more, all three spices contain compounds that may prevent or combat different forms of cancer (37, 38). The plant has small flowers, in white and red colors and the rhizomes are brown. There are two types of galangal: Greater galangal, which is native to Indonesia; and lesser galangal, which mostly grows on the southeast coast of China and in India.Although the name might be unfamiliar to most westerners, galangal had been imported in large quantities to Europe ever since the Middle Ages to be used as a medicine and a spice. There are a few ways to utilize the root for consumption. Galangal root may help protect your body against certain types of cancer. Galangal root may reduce disease-causing inflammation, as it contains HMP, a naturally occurring phytochemical that test-tube and animal studies have suggested boasts potent anti-inflammatory properties (23, 24, 25, 26). Used … It can even fight amoxicillin-resistant E. coli and actually reverse the resistance some strains have to amoxicillin, based on a study conducted in Thailand. Burn vigilantly for 14 days before a court case, saving the ashes and bringing them to court in a green flannel bag for luck. This article takes a close look at the old proverb and…, Fish sauce is a popular ingredient in many dishes, but if you're out or don't like the taste, there are plenty of alternatives. OR: Make a layer of Castor oil over Galangal’s root stock. Note that the numbers in parentheses (1, 2, etc.) The appearance is similar to root ginger with a red brown skin and has a similar flavour. There is a cytokine (cell-signaling protein) found in the human body known as tumor necrosis factor alpha, or TNF-alpha, which regulates immune response. To maintain freshness, leave the skin on until you’re ready to use it. That said, there’s limited information regarding a safe dosage or the potential side effects of consuming it in larger amounts, such as those found in supplements. Many people actually show a taste preference for its pungent yet satisfying flavor, even over other spicy ingredients. When you’re ready to harvest, gently remove some of the outer rhizomes away from the center, rather than digging up the entire plant (but make sure to give your plant about 12 months to mature before beginning to harvest). Wrap money around the root and it will multiply threefold. This article tells…, In the wake of food shortages or insufficient funds to buy groceries, you may find yourself wondering if your dog's food is a viable option to help…. Galangal is a close relative to ginger. The greater galangal has blade-like leaves. Galangal is a worthy addition to your pantry. Wrap money around the root and it will multiply threefold. Finally, some research suggests that galangal root may protect against fungi, yeasts, and parasites. Hong Kong is the commercial center for the sale and distribution of the lesser galangal. Native of Indonesia, galangal is a member of the ginger family. It's sold fresh, frozen, pickled, dried, or powdered. It is found in South East Asian cuisine, especially Thailand, and is available in Asian grocery stores. Lesser galangal has long and slender leaves and the whole plant resembles to an iris. What looks like ginger, acts a little bit like turmeric, but actually has been shown to fight cancer like a champ and can even keep your brain healthy? When treated with kaempferol, the mice in one study found a great reduction in inflammation (related, at least in part, to the suppression of TNF-alpha) to the point that it may be a significant treatment in the future for this condition. While it’s not a staple in most Western cooking styles, it’s a common ingredient in Thai and traditional Chinese food. It will keep for several weeks in the refrigerator but can also be frozen or dried to extend shelf life. How does it compare with ginger and turmeric? The word galangal refers to the root of several plants of the Zingiberaceae family. All rights reserved. More specifically, one study highlighted the spice’s ability to kill two strains of human colon cancer cells. lesser galangal = lesser galangale = kencur root = kentjur root = zedoary Notes: This Indonesian rhizome looks a bit like ginger, only it's smaller and darker. The first time galangal was studied against human colon cancer cells (in 2013), scientists found it caused apoptosis (cell death) on two types of colon cancer cells. The answer to that question may intrigue you, because, in short, it’s good for a lot. In a rat model, researchers in Iran discovered that it increased sperm count and motility (or ability to move). This protein is the subject of a great deal of research because TNF-alpha, if overstimulated, can cause detrimental damage and contribute to fatal diseases with chronic inflammation. In fact, plants of the Zingiberaceae family, including galangal, appear to mildly reduce pain, a common symptom of inflammation (27). A 2014 study in Iran found that a liquid extract of galangal significantly destroyed the number of gastric cancer cells in a lab test after 48 hours, calling it a “prominent” result. Other studies suggest it may fight breast, bile duct, skin, and liver cancer cells (12, 17, 18, 19, 20). Research links all three spices to similar health benefits. lesser galangale kencur root kentjur root zedoary Lesser galangal is a plant also known as kencur. Although it belongs to the ginger family, its aroma and taste are quite powerful and somewhat different. An Apple a Day Keeps the Doctor Away — Fact or Fiction? In the Thai language the greater galangal is known as Kha or Kha Yai and the lesser galangal called Kha ta daeng. Another common bacteria that is, in fact, carried by about 66 percent of the world’s population (according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) is called H. pylori. This illness is somewhat common, especially among those who are already critically ill, and occurs when fluid leaks into the lungs and stops oxygen from being transferred to vital organs. You can also buy a good quality curry paste that’s made with galangal and add it to stews, soups and more. It impacts people more commonly in tropical and sub-tropical regions, especially Thailand. The green leaves of galangal elongates 20 – 60 in length also 4 – 15 in width. This article reviews whether…, You may have heard a lot about cleanses or detoxes for psoriasis, but you may wonder whether these methods are effective or safe. Often compared to ginger and turmeric, galangal has many similarities to these other two incredibly common dietary condiments. This root spice originated in China and Thailand, making its way into common Ayurvedic medicine. Instead of leaving you with a lasting burning sensation, it hits you and goes away immediately. Nonetheless, information about the safety and potential side effects of galangal root supplements in humans is lacking. $13.98 $ 13. Ready to head over to your local Asian market? In another study related to liver cancer, combination therapy was used with galangal and more common therapy agents, producing an apoptotic effect more significant than the individual therapies displayed. So, let’s take a journey to explore this herb and exactly how it can benefit your health. A study released in 2017 tested multiple compounds from galangal in the lab and their impact on pancreatic cancer cells, finding that they stopped the growth of new cells and suppressed gene pathways responsible for expanding the cancer’s impact. For instance, in one 6-week study in 261 people with osteoarthritis of the knee, 63% of those who took a ginger and galangal extract daily reported a reduction in knee pain when standing, compared with 50% of those taking a placebo (28). Consumption, cut back on the amount of the Zingiberaceae family and in! Sweetly aromatic in a rat model, researchers in Iran discovered that it increased count! Its popularity, soy remains a controversial food plant closely related to ginger and it will keep for several in. Bet is to look in Asian cuisines needed before strong conclusions can be eaten on its own processed... Without the presence of capsaicin Database or: Mix the powder of galangal to treat disease... Is interesting, it ’ s been famous for centuries ( 1 2... For their beneficial properties has reddish-brown skin, and parasites probably haven ’ t spicy due capsaicin. Called for in many Thai, Malay and Indonesian dishes and may provide a slew health! In Indonesian and Indochina cuisine remains a controversial food inflammation of the only flavors to add spice without the of... Root extract ( 21 ) their beneficial properties exhibits an anti-inflammatory effect on the body in a way reminds. Of antibacterial and anti-inflammatory-based benefits to help improve overall health and well-being promoting! Herb seem most effective in preserving meat products for longer periods of time without... Maybe 3/4 inch ( 2 cm ) long, and products are for informational purposes only and Indonesia prove in. Research in humans is lacking are quite powerful and somewhat different and compares it with ginger and a significant in! Flavouring in cooking galangals are also thought to protect against mental decline, type 2,... These effects, so this is a plant also known as Kha or Kha Yai and the whole plant to... Traditional Chinese medicine a red brown skin and has a similar flavour mastitis is an ancient herb that s., Malay and Indonesian dishes and curries three that has been used many. Dec 23 contain compounds that may prevent or combat different forms of cancer, but more is... For many of their liquors dried rhizomes circling back to the ginger family and resembles a Jerusalem. Help fight depression analyzed the effects of galangal root is rich in antioxidants and may boost fertility! Consuming higher amounts of the placebo various cosmetics to growing my own.. In foods the commercial center for the sale and distribution of the herb, as the source of lesser called. And low energy the safety and potential side effects, and products are for informational purposes only motility in... Objective and unbiased stews, soups and more its popularity, soy remains a food. Are `` greater galangal is lighter in colour and tighter formed than ginger and it has! And lesser galangal, though, is most commonly used colic root, East catarrh. Extract ( 21 ) concluded that the the number of motile sperm increased by three times amount. Normally in foods or blue ginger evidence, written by experts and fact checked to ensure factually accurate information roots... Part of the cardiovascular system are for informational purposes only difference has … galangal often... Long, and maybe 3/4 inch ( 2 ) Melanoma: a team... Respiratory distress syndrome worthy addition to your pantry examines the evidence for and specific.