When Uriah came to him, David asked him how Joab was, how the soldiers were and how the war was going. Salem Media Group. A servant answered, “That woman is Bathsheba daughter of Eliam. 9 But Uriah did not go home. The elders of his household stood beside him to get him up from the ground, but he refused, and he would not eat any food with them. This is what the LORD, the God of Israel, says: ‘I anointed you king over Israel, and I delivered you from the hand of Saul. He raised it, and it grew up with him and his children. But David stayed in Jerusalem. 21 Do you remember who killed Abimelech son of Jerub-Besheth? 23). I thought, ‘Who knows? Bathsheba is mentioned in the books of 2 Samuel, 1 Kings, 1 Chronicles, and once in Psalm as David pleaded with God to have mercy and compassion on him despite his sin. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. 23 The messenger told David, “The men of Ammon were winning. The story from 2 Samuel 11 through to the end of his life is dominated by troubles that David brought on himself by his own sin and folly. One evening David got up from his bed and walked around on the roof of the palace. “Is the child dead?” he asked. We might say it all started innocently. His attendants asked him, “Why are you acting this way? Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. Despite Davids fidelity, he is also remembered as one of historys greatest sinners. 11:6–13 records David’s attempt to cover up his sin, by calling Uriah home from battle and tempting him to lay with his wife, Bathsheba. However, Uriah refused to sleep with his wife while his fellow men were off fighting. 9 But Uriah slept at the door of the king's house with all the servants of his lord, and went not down to his house. He must pay for that lamb four times over, because he did such a thing and had no pity.”. He may do something desperate.”, David noticed that his attendants were whispering among themselves, and he realized the child was dead. David made Uriah drunk, but he still did not go home. On the basis of who God was and what God had done and what God had promised – David pled for mercy. At David’s invitation, he ate and drank with him, and David made him drunk. Bathsheba found herself involved in a murder plot. Finally David concocts a plan by which Uriah is killed in battle, and David proceeds to marry Bathsheba. So Uriah left the palace, and the king sent a gift to him. 11 And it came to pass, after the year was expired, at the time when kings go forth to battle, that David sent Joab, and his servants with him, and all Israel; and they destroyed the children of Ammon, and besieged Rabbah. We grieve with David for the loss of his son, but we are grateful for this assurance of what happens to babies when they die. 27 And when the mourning was past, David sent and fetched her to his house, and she became his wife, and bare him a son. David accepted the punishment with real humility. Then he went to his own house, and at his request they served him food, and he ate. 5 And the woman conceived, and sent and told David, and said, I am with child. The story of David and Bathsheba reminds us of how great men who are called by God are still humans and struggle with sin. When he looked across from the roof of his palace, he saw a beautiful woman, Bathsheba, bathing. 19 Joab told the messenger, “Tell King David what happened in the war. 26 When Bathsheba heard that her husband was dead, she cried for him. But because by doing this you have shown utter contempt for the LORD, the son born to you will die.”. Bathsheba later sends word to David that she was pregnant. But David tarried still at Jerusalem. David’s Downfall (in context of 2 Samuel 11) by Martien A. Halvorson-Taylor Many readers—and not a few Hollywood directors—have imagined the story of David and Bathsheba in 2Sam 11 as a romance. He has now committed adultery and proxy murder with no apparent remorse. The story of King David and Bathsheba, a soldier’s wife, appears in the second book of Samuel in the Old Testament. This is a summary of the Biblical account of David and Bathsheba. David committed adultery with a married woman called Bathsheba. But if the husband dies, she is released from the law of her husband. 12 David said to Uriah, “Stay here today. Instead, he took the ewe lamb that belonged to the poor man and prepared it for the one who had come to him.”. 27 After she finished her time of sadness, David sent servants to bring her to his house. Did David sin – 100% yes. The Prophet told him that G‑d would spare his life, but that he would not escape many misfortunes. And if all this had been too little, I would have given you even more. Say: David had Uriah, Bathsheba’s husband brought home from the fighting. But God will not let his son remain in sin. She was very beautiful. The relevant Bible passages are found in 2 Samuel 11-12. “Yes,” they replied, “he is dead.”. In the spring, at the time when kings go off to war, David sent Joab out with the king’s men and the whole Israelite army. Although David was a good king, there came a time when he did not choose to follow the Lord. Now, therefore, the sword will never depart from your house, because you despised me and took the wife of Uriah the Hittite to be your own.’. Everything in this man of God’s life: from 2 Samuel 11 (Bathsheba) to 1 Kings 2 (David’s death) was touched, affected, and colored by that event. The real spiritual insights come later as we examine David's sin with Bathsheba. Answer: In 2 Samuel 12, the prophet Nathan confronts David concerning his sin with Bathsheba and pronounces a judgment against David. He fasted and spent the nights lying in sackcloth on the ground. Press the attack against the city and destroy it.’ Say this to encourage Joab.”. David even states that the rich man who taken the sheep from the poor man deserves to die. 10 And when they had told David, saying, Uriah went not down unto his house, David said unto Uriah, Camest thou not from thy journey? 4 And David sent messengers, and took her; and she came in unto him, and he lay with her; for she was purified from her uncleanness: and she returned unto her house. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. 16 Joab watched the city and saw where its strongest defenders were and put Uriah there. After Nathan had gone home, the LORD struck the child that Uriah’s wife had borne to David, and he became ill. David pleaded with God for the child. She became David’s wife and gave birth to his son, but the Lord did not like what David had done. 24 And the shooters shot from off the wall upon thy servants; and some of the king's servants be dead, and thy servant Uriah the Hittite is dead also. Then withdraw from him so he will be struck down and die.”. From the roof he saw a woman bathing. Then she went back to her house. Why didn’t you go home?”, Uriah said to David, “The ark and Israel and Judah are staying in tents, and my commander Joab and my lord’s men are camped in the open country. But gradually he developed a policy of subjugating the nations around Israel, so they could not rise up against Israel. The man said, “She is Bathsheba, the daughter of Eliam and the wife of Uriah the Hittite.”. Copyright © 2005 by Thomas Nelson, Inc. Then David said to Nathan, “I have sinned against the LORD.” Nathan replied, “The LORD has taken away your sin. Can I bring him back again? But David stayed in Jerusalem. They destroyed the Ammonites and besieged Rabbah. 2 One evening David got up from his bed and walked around on the roof[a] of his palace. He made a plot to kill the husband of Bathsheba, Uriah the Hittite. Then David said to Uriah, “Go down to your house and wash your feet.” So Uriah left the palace, and a gift from the king was sent after him. 10 The officers told David, “Uriah did not go home.”, Then David said to Uriah, “You came from a long trip. 17 When the men of the city came out to fight against Joab, some of David’s men were killed. Why didn’t you go home?”, 11 Uriah said to him, “The Ark and the soldiers of Israel and Judah are staying in tents. The LORD sent Nathan to David. She threw a large stone for grinding grain on Abimelech and killed him there in Thebez. Instead, he slept outside the door of the palace as all the king’s officers did. The events begin with King David choosing to stay home in Jerusalem while he sent the rest of the Israelite army to fight other nations and kings. David burned with anger against the man and said to Nathan, “As surely as the LORD lives, the man who did this must die! why went ye nigh the wall? This aligns with a prominent literary-theological motif in 1-2 Samuel—“Those who honor me I will honor, and those who despise me shall be treated with contempt” (1 Sam 2:30). You are not going to die. Bathsheba mourned her husband's death and was then brought to King David to be his wife. It’s a sordid tale that begins with David spying on Bathsheba … 20 And if so be that the king's wrath arise, and he say unto thee, Wherefore approached ye so nigh unto the city when ye did fight? You struck down Uriah the Hittite with the sword and took his wife to be your own. David was a rapist and a murderer but thanks be to God, David was also a good repenter. 13 And when David had called him, he did eat and drink before him; and he made him drunk: and at even he went out to lie on his bed with the servants of his lord, but went not down to his house. But the biblical text tells us little if anything of their relationship. David was immediately drawn to her and sent messengers to find out who she was. Read more in-depth Bible verses in the Scripture below and use the articles and videos to understand the meaning behind this teachable event in the Bible. Then she went back home. Sin has, as it were, a ‘domino effect’. 15 And he wrote in the letter, saying, Set ye Uriah in the forefront of the hottest battle, and retire ye from him, that he may be smitten, and die. But in the evening Uriah went out to sleep on his mat among his master’s servants; he did not go home. Finally, 2 Samuel 13:1 implies, though it does not flatly state, that Amnon’s rape of Tamar happened shortly after David’s sin with Bathsheba. I will go to him, but he will not return to me.”, Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete), Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Sermon on the Mount - Bible Story Verses & Meaning, The Prodigal Son Parable - Bible Story Verses & Meaning, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. The first was the baby that was the fruit of the sinful and murderous romance between him and Bathsheba. My master Joab and his officers are camping out in the fields. Didn’t a woman drop an upper millstone on him from the wall, so that he died in Thebez? And Joab sent Uriah to David. Why did you despise the word of the LORD by doing what is evil in his eyes? (Now she was purifying herself from her monthly uncleanness.) 7 And when Uriah was come unto him, David demanded of him how Joab did, and how the people did, and how the war prospered. The prophet Nathan visited King David and told him of the Lord's disapproval and displeasure with David. From God’s perspective David’s years of suffering began with his fall into sin with Bathsheba. How can we now tell him the child is dead? He instructed the messenger: “When you have finished giving the king this account of the battle. But David remained in Jerusalem. Nathan replies: “You are that man!” as he confronts David about his wrong-doings. why then didst thou not go down unto thine house? Didn’t you know they would shoot arrows from the city wall? God uses David’s family—usually the source of one’s honor—to bring about the shame. Second, the author pulls no punches in describing the wickedness of this sin. 3 And David sent and enquired after the woman. 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