[14] Today, the Altus Area Coal Miner's Memorial is a series of five sculptures paying homage to area coal miners, with the names of over 2,500 local miners engraved at the site. In 1819 the Adams-Onís Treaty established the Arkansas River as part of the frontier between the United States and Spanish Mexico, which it remained until the annexation of Texas and Mexican-American War in 1846. Emerson.--History of Fremont County, by B.F. In Clarksville, the Walton Fine Arts Center on the campus of the University of the Ozarks offers university theater, performers, and speakers to patrons. Due to its relatively strong position following the Civil War, the River Valley attracted new settlement throughout Reconstruction. North of Clarksville, Lake Ludwig offers swimming, boating and fishing to visitors. It is one of six natural divisions of Arkansas.[2]. Our cookies are delicious. At around 29 million years ago, the Arkansas River valley formed. HathiTrust Digital Library, Full view. [15] In Russellville, the Arkansas River Valley Arts Center offers visual arts as well as art classes and infrequent performances. The River Valley contains a large quantity of protected areas, with broad diversity across the region and several different managing agencies. However, competition introduced into the market by the railroads allowed farmers in Texas and other states to undercut the prices offered by River Valley farmers. Of note is the photographic archive, waterway memorabilia, the collection of Native American artifacts collected along the Arkansas, and a motorized model of a Lock and Dam. Der Arkansas River ist ein 2364 Kilometer langer Nebenfluss des Mississippi in den Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika. The Arkansas Valley is a Level III ecoregion designated by the Environmental Protection Agency in the U.S. states of Arkansas and Oklahoma. The following month, the expedition fought with a tribe referred to as the Tula somewhere near Fort Smith. The Arkansas River Valley is not formally defined along county boundaries, including all of Logan and Sebastian counties and portions of Conway, Franklin, Johnson, Perry, Pope, and Yell counties. The earliest account of this river is to be found in the narratives of the Coronado Expedition of 1540-1541, in which the river was given the name “St. First held in 1963, Weinfest is one of the most popular festivals in the region.[18]. Your email address will not be published. It parallels the Arkansas River between the flat plains of western Oklahoma and the Arkansas Delta, dividing the Ozarks and the Ouachita Mountains with the broad valleys created by the river's floodplain, occasionally interrupted by low hills, scattered ridges, and mountains. Many parts of Arkansas had descended into lawlessness and violence between whitecapping groups (including the Ku Klux Klan), freedmen, Republicans, and unaffiliated bandits taking advantage of the chaos. This fighting apparently caused de Soto to turn the expedition back east, leaving the River Valley.[6]. Flores, Dan L., ed. View all subjects; More like this: Similar Items; Find a copy online. Ulibarri was in command of a force comprising 20 soldiers, 12 settlers, and 100 Indian allies, all marching from Santa Fe to rescue a band of enslaved Picuris from the Cuartelejo Apaches of present-day eastern Colorado. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Visitors can buy wines, tour the winery and watch the production process. “ Outside (free) you can see the commissary building (northwest), the footings of the officer building, the gallows, the original first fort (footings only) as well as a nice shaded pathway along the Arkansas river. Compiled and edited by Kathy Weiser/Legends of Kansas, updated May 2018. After your whitewater rafting or kayaking trip enjoy excellent fishing, hiking, mountain biking, rock climbing, zip lining, camping, backpacking and much more. Near Booneville, Blue Mountain Lake offers a variety of recreational opportunities. The Arkansas River Valley (usually shortened to River Valley) is a region in Arkansas defined by the Arkansas River in the western part of the state. Gantt abandoned his fort that winter, as the Bents did their stockade, building Bent's Fort … The Arkansas River, the longest tributary of the Mississippi-Missoury River system, is both a centerpiece and a starting point for any historical perspective of the River Valley region. 16: Enrly Discoveries of Gold . [3] Much of what is known about these early societies has been uncovered by the Arkansas Archaeological Survey and the Arkansas Archaeological Society at Carden Bottoms in Yell County near the Arkansas and Petit Jean Rivers. [8] Some immigrated directly from Europe, but most came from early settlements in the Ohio River Valley. Major and record river flooding occurred primarily in northeastern Oklahoma, and the elevated flows continued downstream into Arkansas where the caused additional inundation. Today, the McClellan-Kerr Arkansas River Navigation System begins at the Port of Catoosa near Tulsa on the Verdigris River, which runs via an extensive Lock and Dam system to the Mississippi River. Generally defined as the area between the Ozark and Ouachita Mountains, the River Valley is characterized by flat lowlands covered in fertile farmland and lakes periodically interrupted by high peaks. The Arkansas River Valley (usually shortened to River Valley) is a region in Arkansas defined by the Arkansas River in the western part of the state. Contents. This expansion in Colorado caused the flow in the Arkansas River to cease during July and August when water was so sorely needed by Kansas irrigators. [12] River Valley soil and climate are much less conducive to cotton cultivation than the Arkansas Delta, and many settlers struggled. Show all links Find a copy in the library. His expedition of 600 Spanish explorers searching for gold and riches crossed into Arkansas across the Mississippi River, and explored the state for the next two years. Through Oklahoma and Arkansas, dams have artificially deepened and widened the Arkansas River to build it into a commercially navigable body of water. ... History of Colorado, by W.B. Much of what is known about these early societies has been uncovered by the Arkansas Archaeological Survey and the Arkansas Archaeological Society at Carden Bottoms in Y… The Stephens Gallery hosts exhibits of glass and ivory carvings. Colorado -- Biography. Page 117. Most first encounters describe scattered villages and individual farmsteads in the River Valley, unlike the organized "towns" and groves and orchards encountered in eastern Arkansas. On the Fourche LaFave River near Ola, the Nimrod Lake is managed by the USACE as a crappie fishing destination and camping area. The Post Winery has been in the Post family for five generations. [16] The city is an important economic, education and population center in the state. Mining became prominent by 1873, especially around the Altus area. The Arkansas River is a major tributary of the Mississippi River. In 1854 a writer in the New York Tribune, in describing the territories of Kansas and Nebraska, gave Fort Mann (near Dodge City) as the “head of navigation” on the stream. Well water could … [11] Several of the River Valley's small towns were founded by these groups, beginning as small clusters of immigrants and evolving into cohesive communities. Near Ozark, the Aux Arc Park offers boating access to the Arkansas River and RV sites. Peter’s and St. Paul’s River.” Father Jacques Marquette names it on his map of 1673. The German community thrived with coal mining and railroad work driving the local economy. Page 81. At its headwaters, the Arkansas River runs as a steep mountain torrent through the Rockies in its narrow valley, dropping about 4,600 feet, creating The Numbers and Brown’s Canyon near Buena Vista, Colorado and the Royal Gorge at Canon City, Colorado, which see extensive whitewater rafting in the spring and summer. Its origin is in the Rocky Mountains near Leadville, Colorado and its mouth is at Napoleon, Arkansas. From the mouth of the Verdigris River until the McClellan-Kerr system moves over to the White River near Arkansas Post, the Arkansas River sustains commercial barge traffic and passenger and recreational use. Page 346. It was built in May, 1834 on the north side of the Arkansas River about 6 miles below Fountain Creek. The Mexicans named it “Rio Napete,” but the river acquired the name “Akansa” from the early French voyagers on account of a tribe of the Dakota or Osage Indians which lived near its mouth. Following the war, the Southern economy was in shambles, including Arkansas. The area gets its name from the Arkansas river that traverses the region. In addition to the outdoor recreational activities available to residents and visitors of the region, the River Valley contains Arkansas's wine country as well as hundreds of historical sites throughout the area. Tributaries include the Canadian River and the Cimarron River (both flowing from northeastern New Mexico) and the Salt Fork Arkansas River. The Wiederkehr Weinfest in Wiederkehr Village, a winery founded by Johann Andreas Wiederkehr, is a free harvest festival held annually in October, including wine tasting, vineyard tours, music, polka dancing, traditional German cuisine and other festival entertainment. Most first encounters describe scattered villages and individual farmsteads in the River Valley, unlike the organized "towns" and groves and orchards encountered in eastern Arkansas. [4] Research at the site has linked artifacts to cave art (pictured at right) in a cave on Petit Jean Mountain, as well as establishing links to the Caddo, Osage, and Quapaw tribes. [21], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}35°22′N 93°22′W / 35.36°N 93.37°W / 35.36; -93.37, The River Valley as seen from atop Petit Jean Mountain in, Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, Johnson County Historical Society Heritage Center, Logan County Coal Miners Memorial and Museum, Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture, "Osages participate in Carden Bottoms excavation in western Arkansas", "Google Maps (Search for Russellville, AR and Fort Smith, AR)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Arkansas_River_Valley&oldid=992954641, Pages using infobox settlement with no map, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Arkansas Valley Hills - North and east of the Arkansas River, sometimes associated with the Ozarks, Bottomlands - Low swamps and prairies along the Arkansas River itself, 10 miles (16 km) wide in some places, Tri-peaks Region - Region punctuated by three steep mountains: Mount Magazine, Mount Nebo and Petit Jean Mountain, Valley - south of the Arkansas River, level plains and gently rolling hills, Adona Bluegrass Festival in Adona, second weekend in July. [9] The Lutherans generally immigrated in organized companies, where the Catholics came independently, although some Catholic settlements like Clarksville and Subiaco were founded by organized groups. Together nicknamed "The American Spa," … It begins near Leadville and makes its way to the south to Salida before turning east and its eventual meeting with the Mississippi. May 28, 2019, 4:09 PM EDT Above: Homes are flooded on the Arkansas River in Tulsa, Okla., on Friday, May 24, 2019. Mount Magazine hosts an annual International Butterfly Festival in June, Frontier Days in October, and is the final destination on the Peak to Peak Poker Run, which begins at Queen Wilhelmina State Park in May. Links to this item. In 1987, Alma claimed the title of "Spinach Capital of the World" and erected a Popeye statue in front of the Chamber of Commerce building. (Last Privacy Policy Update July 2020), Byways & Historic Trails – Great Drives in America, Soldiers and Officers in American History. Car show and festival entertainment. The river is navigable by barges and large river craft to Muskogee, Oklahoma; however above Muskogee, the waterway is navigable only by small craft such as rafts or canoes. [15], The most populous city within the River Valley is Fort Smith, the principal city of the Fort Smith metropolitan area that also includes Van Buren and Alma. 22: H rPliIR I arly Politics and Organization of the Terri . The Arkansas River originates high in the Sawatch Range of the Rocky Mountains near Leadville, Colorado, and it ends in eastern Arkansas at the confluence with the Mississippi River where the town of Napoleon (Desha County) once stood. Elsewhere in the county, cotton and timber had given way to strawberry, hay, and cattle. The Arkansas River drops elevation rapidly along its first 100 miles. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2002. The Red River Valley in Arkansas. From 1900-1910, irrigation wells began to be constructed in the Arkansas valley. 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