“Country Garden is moving forward on the first island in Forest City,” said Michael Grove, the chair of landscape architecture, civil engineering and ecology at Sasaki, who helped develop Forest City’s master plan. They claim the reclamation will muddy precious fishing waters that will hurt their livelihoods and undermine food security in Penang. “The project is a disaster for the nearby Merambong seagrass meadow with the ongoing land reclamation,” said Marcel Williams, a planner in Savannah, Georgia, who studied Forest City as a graduate student at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Reclamation projects are abound in Kedah, Penang, Perak, Selangor, Malacca, Negri Sembilan, Johor, Pahang and Kelantan. In February 2019, Sahabat Alam Malaysia, an environmental group affiliated with Friends of the Earth International, published a comprehensive study of the ecological consequences of Forest City and other big reclamation projects around the country. According to Lau Min, WWF conservation manager for turtles in peninsular Malaysia, land reclamation projects have reduced landings in certain beaches by up to 70 percent. Reclamation projects in Malaysia can be found in the states of Kedah, Penang, Perak, Melaka, Pahang, Kelantan and Johor, where massive reclamation work is underway for the Forest City development. But the on-again, off-again project got a boost in September with the decision to push ahead with the RM43 billion ($9.64 billion) Melaka Gateway scheme, a Chinese-backed development that will see the creation of three more artificial islands. We will be keeping it online until the land reclamation project is finally off the table. The success of any coastal reclamation project is strongly dependent on sound planning and design practices, covering both the engineering and non-engineering aspects. The plan to reclaim land off the southern coast is opposed by many in Penang’s civil society. The company’s stock price tumbled to the equivalent of less than $26 in mid-October 2018. And this is accompanied by the ‘commonisation’ of negative costs – in this case, the damage to marine life, fisheries and food security – which are borne by the public. Coastal development and land reclamation projects have robbed fishers and communities of use and access to coastal and marine resources. In Malaysia, the National Physical Plan (2010) contains clear policy statements forbidding coastal land reclamation for purposes other than the development of ports of strategic national importance. The PSR project entails the reclamation of three islands off Gertak Sanggul and Teluk Kumbar on the southern part of Penang island measuring 800 acres, 1,300 acres and 2,000 acres respectively. Minister for the Environment & Water Resources Dr Vivian Balakrishnan emphasised Singapore’s concerns over Malaysia’s land reclamation projects in the Straits of Johor, during the 27th Annual Exchange of Visits between the environment ministries of Malaysia and Singapore. Ng reluctantly shared the distress in public. A recent report by the NGO group Friends of the Earth Malaysia lists up to 20 approved or completed large scale land reclamation projects. On the mainland, linked to the island by a causeway, Forest City opened a new golf course and an accompanying hotel. GEORGE TOWN, Oct 21 — Penang state exco Jagdeep Singh Deo today said that land reclamation is a way to combat climate change and to protect Penang island from rising sea waters. Reclamation Sand for Malaysia. “All they do is complaint, we are doing work here, we are doing this for the future of Penangites,” he said. 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