And for an in-depth introduction to island culture from the 15th to 20th century, pay a visit to the outstanding Corgialenios Historical and Cultural Museum, one of the finest in Greece, and to the extensive Corgialenios Library. Kefalonia - the Greek island we love <3 In the Ionian Sea, with a dramatic scenery and the most beautiful beaches #heavenonearth Kefalonia (or Kefalonia) is one of the most famous Ionian islands, along with Corfu and Kebbe, which are among the most popular tourist destinations in Greece. This is where the European and the Aegean plates meet. Kefalonia has an undeniable personality with dramatic contrasts of indescribable beauty. Kefalonia is an island with a rich history. HOME ABOUT US ACCOMMODATION APARTMENTS SOLUTIONS PACKAGES FREE RESOURCES CONTACT US HISTORICAL BACKGROUND. Where to eat? During World War II, Kefalonia was occupied by the Axis powers, primarily Italy. Archaeological excavations all over the island have shown that in the Mycenaean era (between 1500-1100 BC) Kefalonia was an important place and the Argostoli Museum of Archaeology is considered to be one of Greece’s most important museums when it comes to artifacts and exhibits from this era. After World War II, Kefalonia was involved in the Greek civil war, but finally again became part of Greece in 1949. Kefalonia is a place with rich history, as it has been inhabited since the Paleolithic age! Historical background and elements for which the Greek island deserves to be a destination for your holidays. Discover the best things to do in Kefalonia, fantastic beaches, top hotels, and restaurants, as well as a wide selection of breathtaking photos!. Pirates ran riot at this time - the most troublesome group being the Saracens, and the Romans built St. George Castle as a result. The majority of the exhibits come from Mount Aenos, which is one of ten protected natural parks of Greece. History / A stroll down the historic eras of Kefalonia / Historic Eras / Ancient Times / The Byzantine Theme of Cephallonia / Turkish Rule / The Venetian Rule / The English Rule / The Pre-earthquake Kefalonia / Archaeological Sites / History Time Wharp / Pre-earthquake Photographic Dedication / Pre-earthquake Paths / Odyssey / Culture / That time, the Ancient Acropolis of Sami was destroyed. Greeka? One of those places was beautiful Kefalonia. Kefalonia (also spelled Cephalonia) is the largest Greek island in the Ionian Sea on the western side of Greece. Kefalonia was then consecutively conquered by the Normans, the Orsinis, the Andeans and the Toccans. The place name Sami is mentioned the same since today. Since the roof fell into Melissani lake many years ago, the lake is open to the sky. From the prehistoric period (3000-1100 BC) Sami plays an important role, culminating in her participation in the campaign against Troy. The political and military centers of the island during this period were the Fortress of Saint George and the Castle of Assos, which was destroyed by an earthquake in 1757. However, since the stalagmites and stalactites are growing less than a half-inch every 100 years, it's not likely to change much during our lifetimes. Kefalonia, Greece. The roads are curvy, but the mountainous scenery and views of the white sandy beaches are some of the best you can find in Greece. The French publicly burnt the Golden Book where the names and privileges of the nobles were written. However, near the end of the war, the Axis alliance fell apart on Kefalonia, and German and Italian forces fought on the island, with the Germans … It is the largest, covering 780 square kilometres and 2,500 square kilometres and has a population of about 1.5 million. were lost all the privileges gained during the emperor of Etoli and Roma established in Kefalonia a strategic point to control the rest of Greece. Fortunately, it won’t take you ten years to … The capital of Kefalonia will add a cultural flair to your holidays. Cefalonia und früher teilweise Cefalogna) ist eine griechische Insel am Ausgang des Golfs von Patras. The island is mountainous, so driving can be a challenge, but the mountain and coastal scenery are spectacular, as seen in the photo of Myrtos Beach above. These independent cities were named after Cephalus' sons: Sami, Pahli, Krani and Pronnoi. Sami is the biggest and most historic port of Kefalonia. However, near the end of the war, the Axis alliance fell apart on Kefalonia, and German and Italian forces fought on the island, with the Germans eventually winning out, killing over 1500 of the Italian troops in the battle. Greeka team and its community members will be delighted to help you! It is the largest of the Ionian islands and the sixth largest Greek island after Crete, Euboea, Lesbos, Rhodes and Chios. The exotic Kefalonia island is the largest and one of the most beautiful Greek islands of … The nobles of the island regained their privileges. The island fell again under French domination in 1807 but the new Constitution was maintained. The city (along with much of the rest of the island) was almost completely destroyed in a 1953 earthquake, so many of the buildings in Argostoli have a more modern look. lts existence dates back to the Homeric era. In August 1953, a huge earthquake destroyed the largest part of Kefalonia and demolished most villages of the island. It is located south of Fiskardo and west of Argostoli. During this period, the island suffered heavily and frequently from invaders and pirate raids. The airport opened in 1971 to serve the former municipality Leivathos with improved transportation links; Kefalonia is now a single municipality. As part of Greece, Kefalonia is a place full of history. The Mycenaean culture left a strong remain in Kefalonia, few Cyclopean walls. Kefalonia is the largest of the Greek islands in the Ionian island chain. In the Classical era, it is mentioned by Thucydides as one of the 4 city-states (Pali, Pronni, Krani, Sami) of Kefalonia. Not long after, in 1953, an earthquake hits the island of Kefalonia destroying 90% of the … PLACES OF HISTORICAL, CULTURAL OR RELIGIOUS INTEREST: In several places on the island there are castles, ruins, ancient villas, towers and fortresses that prove the past and the history of Kefalonia. Contemporary Historical Events From 1940 to 1943 Kefalonia was dominated by the Italians. Dreaming of nestling on the top of a green mountain and letting … The staircase leading down into the cave is often damp and slippery, and it's over 300 feet down to the cave's large underground cavern. Drogarati Cave is one of Kefalonia's most visited natural wonders. Information about the History of Ionian islands, in Greece but also information about the history of many islands of the group: The history of the Ionian islands is lost in the depths of time. Kefalonia is famous for its natural wonders like the Drogarati Cave and Melissani Lake. Visitors must walk down a narrow tunnel to reach the shore of the underground lake. The Museums of Kefalonia cover every aspect of interest . In the 11th century, the island fell under the Frankish rule: it was the end of the Byzantine era. After displacing the initial inhabitants known as Taphians, he founded the four main cities of the island. Where to stay? Cruising the Mediterranean with Mickey and the Gang, Top 15 Destinations in the French Riviera, Visit Greece and Turkey Cruise Ship Ports of Call on Celestyal Cruises. Archaeological excavations have been carried out throughout the whole island and the visitor has the chance to visit the archaeological sites that belong to different eras and periods. Culture and History page of Kefalonia island. One such village is Sami on the eastern coast of Kefalonia. Melissani Lake is inside Melissani Cave on the Greek island of Kefalonia. One characteristic lyric of the Odyssey refers to Sami as "Sami, the forested Zakynthos and Doulichio. " This idyllic island is not only famous because of Odysseus, King of Ithaca – probably today’s Kefalonia- and the Homeric epic book “The Odyssey”, the greatest adventure story of all times. Kefalonia maintains its own individual character and is untainted by mass tourism. Cruise ships offer a walking tour of Argostoli or Fiscardo, transfers to famous beaches like Myrtos Beach, or shore excursions to natural sites like the Drogarati Cave and Melissani Lake. In 1943, Italy capitulated but its troupes refused to leave from Kefalonia. Holidays in Kefalonia will give you memorable days on the beach and long walks in evergreen nature. . The airport opened in 1971 to serve the former municipality Leivathos with improved transportation links; Kefalonia is now a single municipality. Kefalonia Greece photography print, Greece wall art, coastal decor, Mediterranean art print, Myrtos Beach print, Greek Island landscape PappasBland. After the Treaty of Paris, in 1809, the Ionian Islands came under the rule of the English and the Ionian State was established. The island of Kefalonia lies on the "green side" of Greece, in the Ionian Sea, between Italy and Greece. The inhabitants of Kefalonia are lively people that dance and sing at the slightest chance! Ruins of big ancient towns, Mycenaean tombs, ancient treasures, castles and monasteries reveal the glorious past of the island! Visit Sissy's Palace on the Greek Island of Corfu, 16 Lost and Destroyed Heritage Sites Around the World, These Are the Top 15 Destinations in Chile, The Fascinating History of the World's Smallest Ocean Canal, Check Out the 6 Most Popular Greek Islands, Kefalonia - Natural Beauty and Turbulent History. The rich history of Kefalonia, the particularities of its natural environment and also the traditions of past centuries are presented in a number of museums and cultural centers throughout the island. The most dangerous pirates were the Saracens. This book was set on Kefalonia in World War II, and most of it was filmed in Sami. This idyllic island is not only famous because of Odysseus, King of Ithaca – probably today’s Kefalonia- and the Homeric epic book “The Odyssey”, the greatest adventure story of all times. A new runway and the current terminal building were constructed in the 1980s. They, therefore, turned Kefalonia into an important naval base. Is This the World's Clearest Lake Near Sami, Greece? The island is spectacular to look at, so even a bus ride around Kefalonia can be enjoyable. Its area is 781 square metresand its population is 36,404 according to a 2001 Greek census. Kefalonia was finally united to the rest of independent Greece in 1864, the same time as the rest of the Ionian Islands. Do you like NOTES ON THE HISTORY OF KEFALONIA ISLAND. Those times, many locals left the island in search of a better life in the sea, including the famous seafarer Juan de Fuca. The island also has many charming tiny villages that are perfect for exploring. Lixouri is the second largest community in Kefalonia after Argostoli and before Sami and is the capital of the peninsula. Read reviews about our services. The picturesque Assos is one of the villages in Kefalonia that got hit the hardest. Those four cities were autonomous and independent and had their own regimes and coins. In December 2015, the privatization of Kefalonia Airport and 13 other regional airports of Greece was finalized with the signing of the agreement between the Fraport … The popular Greek island of Cephalonia (Kefalonia) in the Ionian Sea celebrated on Sunday, October 20 the memory of its Patron Saint, Agios Gerasimos. The museum was established with the intention of presenting and preserving the environmental history of Kefalonia and Ithaca. We use cookies to offer you a better browsing experience and to analyze site traffic. Italy's capitulation in 1943 led to the massacre of 5.000 Italian troops by the invading German forces. During the Venetian domination, the atmosphere was quite conflictive because the island's society was divided into three classes. Watching this fisherman sort out his lines was fascinating to us as well as some of the local cats who were more interested in his catch. Unbelievably heartbreaking pictures from Assos have been emerging the past couple of days. The first inhabitants of Kefalonia were the so-called “Leleges” and used to worship the ancient Greek god of the sea, Poseidon. The evergreen, cypress, and olive trees provide a gorgeous contrast to the brilliant blue-green Ionian Sea. In 1864, Kefalonia was united to independent Greece, about the same time as the rest of the Ionian Islands. During the World War II, Kefalonia was overrun by the Italians and the Germans. Top Greek islands & Mainland Destinations, Most popular Greek islands & mainland destinations. Many villages were bombed, many people were killed or executed, and many families have been destroyed. This explains why the island was called Tetrapolis (Four Towns) during this period. The tunnel exit is seen in the photo above. The Drogarati Cave is still forming. Chavdata is at an altitude of 160 meters. The French were later defeated by the allied fleet of the Russians, the Turks, and the English. See More -> KEFALONIA ISLAND…STOP DREAMING. Pirates ran riot at this time - the most troublesome group being the Saracens, and the Romans built St. George Castle as a result. The German massacre of Italian troops on Kefalonia in 1943 is the central theme of the book. The History of Kefalonia. See More -> Ethereal beauty unleashed in the cave lake. This historical event was used as background for the famous novel and film of Louis de Bernieres: Captain Corellis Mandolin. Adventurous, just like its local people, with an exclusive ability to be distinguished on every single edge of the world, Kefalonia is a divine paradise. After the Second World War, the civil war broke out in Greece, causing much more bloodshed and pain. Small towns like Sami give visitors the opportunity to explore on their own and interact with the local people. In Kefalonia, between the 189 and 30 b.c. Its long history has seen it entwined in Greek mythology, used as a centre for Mycenaean trade, occupied by the Venetians, and reunited with Greece after a period of British rule. The postal code of Chavdata is 28200 and its telephone access code is +3026710. During World War II, the island was occupied by the Italians. Pasha and his troupes ruled the island for a short period of time and devastated the island when they left. The acoustics are superb in the cavern, so it is often used for concerts of up to 500 people. History. Contemporary Historical Events From 1940 to 1943 Kefalonia was dominated by the Italians. The Romans took the island in 187 BC after months of fighting against the resistance of the island's inhabitants. Like its neighbor Corfu, Kefalonia is much greener than the Greek islands found in the Aegean Sea (like Santorini and Mykonos). On September 17, Medicane Ianos, a rare hurricane-like storm in the Mediterranean, severely hit many places in Greece. In the 11th century, the island fell under the Frankish rule: it was the end of the Byzantine era. The island was occupied by the Byzantines, Turks, Venetians, British, and the Ottomans before it became a Greek state in 1864. (From the original translation of Homer's Odyssey, Verse 24) Sami has, apart from others, a rich naval tradition. Since the 64-degree temperature is always about the same, it is especially nice to visit or attend a concert on hot summer days. 704 likes. The rest of this article provides a photo tour of some of the things to see on the Greek island of Kefalonia. The threat of the pirates continued growing during the Byzantine period (from the 4th century AD). All these successive revolutions and the appearance of the first socialist formations in our history, leading to the 21st of May 1864 when Kefalonia and Ithaca were re-united with Greece. Like much of Greece, Kefalonia has had a turbulent history. When Constantine in 325 A.D. reorganized the Roman Empire, Kefalonia suffered precarious stability due to the constant attacks suffered by the Vandals and the Ostrogoths and the wars with the Romans forced the empires … Despite the fact that Kefalonia, like the other Ionian Islands, remained under the English rule and escaped the Turkish yoke, its inhabitants financially helped the Greek Revolution for independence against the Ottomans who were ruling over the rest of Greece. Although it has developed over the last years as a family destination, beach places in Kefalonia island never get crowded due to the large size of the island. News; Photo’s; Holiday’s; Entertainment; Historical Interest; Special Offer’s; September 23, 2020; NEWS: Gov’t spokesman warns of tough negotiations ahead. Find out everything about your holidays in Kefalonia on our travel guide! He was rewarded with the island of Same, which thereafter came to be known as Cephallenia. The capital moved to Argostoli and is still there today. A devastating earthquake flattened most of Kefalonia’s villages in 1953 including all the elegant buildings that used to grace Argostoli. After huge popular demand, democratic elections were organized in 1802 and a new Constitution was established in 1803. January 2, 2012 by Kefalonia24-7.com 1 Comment. The island owes its name to Kephalos, the first king of the area during the Palaeolithic era. Kefalonia News, Kefalonia Travel, Holidays Greece, History Kefalonia, Best Deal's Kefalonia. Kefalonia Greece . Lixouri (Greek: Ληξούρι) is the main town on the peninsula of Paliki in the island of Kefalonia, one of the Ionian Islands of western Greece. The largest island of the Ionian Sea in Greece, Kefalonia is a very charming place. Fiscardo is on the far northern end of Kefalonia and survived most of the devastation caused by the 1953 earthquake. The most dangerous pirates were the Saracens. Kotsanas Museum Kefalonia, Argostólion, Greece. An aition explaining the name of Cephallenia and reinforcing its cultural connections with Athens associates the island with the mythological figure of Cephalus, who helped Amphitryon of Mycenae in a war against the Taphians and Teleboans. The black needles of the Kefalonian fir tree gives an impressive dark colour to the mountain. Kefalonia’s ethereal beauty, history, various myths, rare geological phenomena and archeological sites create a fairy tale destination that will trigger any child’s imagination. Cruise ships visiting Kefalonia for the day stopover at either Argostoli or Fiscardo (also spelled Fiskardo). According to the locals, this king founded the four main cities of the island which were Sami, Pahli, Krani, and Pronnoi, and named them after his sons. The Greek Island Kefalonia Kefalonia - The "unspoilt" of the "Ionian"! I. PRE-HISTORIC PERIOD. The cave was discovered about 300 years ago and has been open to tourists since 1963. So, many of its elegant buildings are painted the pastel colors of the Venetian style and have balconies and tile roofs. Sie ist Teil der Präfektur Kefallinia und mit 734,014 km² die größte der Ionischen Inseln. Do you have a question about Greece and the Greek islands? At 781 km², it is the largest of the seven Ionian Islands, and the sixth-largest of all Greek islands. Following the same faith as the rest of the Ionian Islands, Kefalonia came under the domination of the Venetians and the Spanish. Peratata Kefalonia: Peratata is a small and picturesque village located 8 km southeast of Argostoli, the capital of Kefalonia. Perhaps the most important of all. Linda Paull Garrison is a travel writer who has taken over 150 cruises and spent over 1,100 days at sea. The island was occupied by the Byzantines, Turks, Venetians, British, and the Ottomans before it became a Greek state in 1864. Sami was used as the setting for the 2001 movie "Captain Corelli's Mandolin", which was adapted from the Louis de Bernières book of the same name. Do not hesitate to ask the community! Chavdata is a Village in Kefallonia in Kefalonia in the Ionian Islands Region of Greece.. Chavdata is also an Archaeological site.. History of Kefalonia. At the top of the hill stands the 16th century castle of Saint George dominating the village. The discoveries that have been made on the island include a number of … The noble class, the wealthiest and more powerful, had all the privileges and used them against the other social classes. Those who don't enjoy beaches or caves can enjoy exploring Kefalonia on a bus or car. The sapphire waters of Cephalonia are steeped with history. Argostoli is the capital city, but it doesn't have as much of the Venetian style architecture as other western Greek towns. In the Neolithic period, those islands were closely associated with Greece and South Italy. The first inhabitants of the Ionian islands appeared during the Paleolithic times and left traces mostly on the islands of Kefalonia island and Corfu island. Kefalonia is the beginning of yourjourney, a … In 1809, the “United States of the Ionian Islands” were established with the “Treaty of Paris” and all Ionian islands passed under English rule. The Romans used the island as a strategic spot that would have helped them conquer the mainland. The island was named after the mythical hero Cephalus, who arrived here as a refugee from Athens during the Paleolithic era. Entering Drogarati Cave can be quite challenging. The Greek island of Kefalonia in the Ionian Sea is considered a vacation paradise by many, including Germans. The rest of the Italian troops were put on a ship and sent to Germany. Philip of Macedonia tried to attack the island in 218 BC. General Information on Chavdata. Mt Enos: The Black Mountain The Venetian rule ended in 1797 with the arrival of the French who were warmly welcomed by the inhabitants as Napoleon promised them to liberate them (and the rest of the Ionian Islands) from the oligarchic system created by the Venetians. Family Fun in Kefalonia. The first inhabitants of the Ionian islands appeared during the Paleolithic times and left traces mostly on the islands of Kefalonia island and Corfu island . Considered by many tourist magazines as one of the 30 best beaches in the World, Myrtos bay is not only the symbol of Kefalonia, but it’s also one of the most famous beaches all over Greece. In ancient times, Kefalonia participated in the Persian and Peloponnesian Wars on the side of both Athens and Sparta. A new runway and the current terminal building were constructed in the 1980s. The museum studies, highlights and presents to visitors the technology of ancient Greeks. History / A stroll down the historic eras of Kefalonia / Historic Eras / Ancient Times / The Byzantine Theme of Cephallonia / Turkish Rule / The Venetian Rule / The English Rule / The Pre-earthquake Kefalonia / Archaeological Sites / History Time Wharp / Pre-earthquake Photographic Dedication / Pre-earthquake Paths / Odyssey / Culture / Dreaming of exotic escapes in sparking blue waters meeting fine golden sand, surrounded by lush vegetation? During Kefalonia's early history, the Romans ruled from 187 BC, using the site as a naval base in order to take Greece proper. The Beautiful Beaches of Lassi and Makris Gialos in Kefalonia Island, Greece. Mostly famous for the exotic beaches, including Myrtos, Antisamos, Lourdas and Skala, the island was chosen for filming the Hollywood movie Captain Corelli’s Mandolin. In 1900, Kefalonia played an important role in both the first and the second world wars, but unfortunately it was occupied by the Italians and the Germans during the Second World War. All these successive revolutions and the appearance of the first socialist formations in our history, leading to the 21st of May 1864 when Kefalonia and Ithaca were re-united with Greece. Kefalonia from satellite Kefalonia(and Kephalonia or Cephalonia) is a Greekisland in the Ionian Sea. – Georgios Seferis As part of Greece, Kefalonia is a place full of history. The fir tree grows natively on this mountain on Kefalonia. Lixouri was the town most affected by the earthquake, which is why the majority of the houses there are newly-constructed. Der Ionischen Inseln Romans used the island fell under the Frankish rule: it was filmed in.! And west of Argostoli, the soft pastel kefalonia greece history giving the impression of a water-color.! Earthquake hits the island of same, which is why the island for short. 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