In 1916 the Alaunia struck a mine and sank two miles off the Royal Sovereign Lightship. CFRETS - Canadian Forces Recruiting, Education and Training System CFRG - Canadian Forces Recruiting Group CFRIMS - Canadian Forces Resources Information Management System CF(S) - Communications Flight (Squadron) CFS - Canadian Forces Station; or Central Flying School CFSAL - Canadian Forces School of Administration and Logistic Alaunia: In 1914 the Alaunia and the Andania, were used as troop ships carrying Canadian troops across the Atlantic. The 2 nd Canadian Infantry Brigade was raised in Western, Canada. While descriptions of the great ocean liners of the 20 th Century most often conjure up images of elegant dining rooms filled with vacationing passengers, wartime has historically seen ocean going palaces converted into troopships, ferrying thousands of soldiers on a single trip. The U-boat War in World War Two (Kriegsmarine, 1939-1945) and World War One (Kaiserliche Marine, 1914-1918) and the Allied efforts to counter the threat. As life returned to peacetime pursuits, the Canadian Government turned its attention to welcoming this unique group of new Canadians. Each four-tank troop included an ‘‘upgunned’’ Firefly with a seventeen-pounder gun, a 76 mm weapon more effective against German armor than was the standard 75 mm gun. The 1 st Canadian Infantry Brigade was raised in Ontario. 2 December: German air raid on Bari, Italy, destroys 17 Allied merchant ships, and more than 1000 lives are lost. Second World War (1939-1945) Canada’s role in the Second World War (WW2). Convoys for Protection In response to the U-Boat attacks, Allied merchant ships sailed in groups, called convoys, escorted by warships. Trinidad - eastward: From November 1942: T.F. Be forewarned: Canadian lists from travel during the war years up to December, 1945, are, for the most part, not transcribed and are only available on microfilm through the Library and Archives Canada, in Ottawa, Ontario. By 1945, following the destruction of the Axis navies, The Royal Canadian Navy (RCN) was the third largest naval force in the world after the US Navy and the Royal Navy. Canadian Prairies. Military officers and civilian planners worked with aid agencies to speed the process but, for soldiers overseas, the months of waiting were long, frustrating, and difficult to … History of Canadian's stationed in UK. In 1942, mental and litter patients only traveled on British or Canadian Hospital Ships, as the United States had no such vessels at their disposal.Ambulatory patients to be returned to the ZI, and who could care for themselves, crossed the Atlantic on returning American Troopships OR British fast liners such as the ‘Queen Mary’ or the ‘Queen Elizabeth’! In 1869, Hbc sold the 1.5-million-square-mile Rupert’s Land to the federal government for $1.5 million. I think the way it was done is that the convoy formed a square box, says fifty ships or more. 15, consisting of eight ships carrying 14,023 all ranks, mostly of the 5th Armoured Division, which arrived in the United Kingdom on 22 November 1941, but this figure was surpassed in July 1943, when the Queen Elizabeth crossed with 14,313 Canadian soldiers aboard. Transfer of passenger ships from Great Lakes to UK: R.S. If Canadian ships could no longer sink U-boats, they must at least protect shipping. With hundreds of ships sunk over the first half of the year, the British Admiralty predicted the possible loss of the war on 20 June unless the U-Boat campaign was stopped. The first Canadian troop convoy sailed for Britain escorted out of Halifax by HMC ships Ottawa, Restigouche, Fraser and St. Laurent. They embarked for the UK on the 17 th December 1939 and arrived at Greenock, Scotland on the 25 th December 1939. The Fishermen's Reserve, authorized by the Canadian government in 1938, was mobilized and these fishing vessels, converted for use by the RCN, were called into service to patrol the Pacific coast. December 17, 1939. On the outbreak of war in 1939, Canadian Pacific placed all their ships at the disposal of the government and several were taken over as troopships. For the most part, the Canadians who became POWs during the Second World War were airmen captured while on bombing raids, soldiers captured during combat, or seamen captured when their ships were sunk by the enemy. The Canadian Active Service Force was mobilised on 1 st September 1939 in anticipation of the declaration of war. Shocking execution pics show Japanese troops using British Sikh POWs for target practice in WW2 The set of pictures were found among Japanese records when … In the 1960s with the advent of air travel and cargo containerisation, the passenger ships were gradually … By Neil Plotnick . The troop ships would be on the middle of … The troop carriers were the most protected ships in any convoy that cross the Atlantic. Image No: NA-1205-1 Title: Canadian soldiers on troop ship enroute to Britain. 2) The world’s third largest navy by WW2’s end. The German ships returned to the Newfoundland area and on the 15th and 16th sank or captured 16 unescorted ships. The British Commonwealth Air Training Plan was established. Second World War Timeline . Military repatriation, or bringing the Canadian military home from Europe, was the largest movement of people in Canadian history up to that time. Later that year the Alaunia carried troops to Bombay. The battle northwards through Italy continued to the war's end and ultimately cost the lives of … LDS records of Canadian Arrivals: The Latter Day Saints family history centres also have copies of the earliest archived records for the ports of Quebec and Halifax, which are listed just below. The Forts and the Parks which were built by Canadian shipyards were essentially the same as the Liberties built by U.S. shipyards, being based on the same design from Thompsons and with a later variation which was slightly larger, like the U.S.'s Victories. The largest troop convoy was T.C. 2nd Infantry Division NZEF WW2 ... Canadian The Loyal Edmonton Regiment Saskatoon Light Infantry (MG) Anti-Aircraft Regiments Canadian Army North Shore (New Brunswick) Regiment ... Troop ships . Timelines, remembrance and archival records, as well as the people who fought. The Hudson’s Bay Company (Hbc) sold a huge tract of land it owned in the Canadian northwest to the Canadian government. DUCHESS OF BEDFORD / EMPRESS OF FRANCE 1928 She was built by John Brown & Co Ltd, Glasgow in 1928 for Canadian Pacific SS Ltd. She was a 20,123 gross ton ship, length 601ft x beam 75.2ft, two funnels, two masts, twin screw and a speed of 18 knots. Merchant Ships Built in Canada in World War Two Most recent update: March 4, 2015. The Fishermen's Reserve - At the outbreak of World War II, Canada's fledgling navy was not up to the task to patrol the vast area of coastline. Picture is of Soldiers disembarking a Naval Ship. Trouble started brewing soon after Canada was formed, July 1, 1867. Troop Ships The following transport ships were used to convey the troops of the 5th/22nd, the 22nd Battalion plus other key elements of the AIF during the First World War. Alaunia: In 1914 the Alaunia and the Andania, were used as troop ships carrying Canadian troops across the Atlantic. Its primary task was convoy, protecting the troop and supply ships across the Atlantic. Later that year the Alaunia carried troops to Bombay. The Royal Canadian Navy was tiny in 1939, but its expansion during the war was remarkable: it enlisted 99,688 men and some 6,500 women. The most notable of these was the Queen Mary. Gibraltar - Brest: From October 1939 to June 1940. "Only be able to hold 7,000 people..."? 5 Although just a sub-section of the ships used by the Australians in the war they are nevertheless representative of … French: ... Canadian Troop Convoy: From 1939 to 1940: T.E. The Crucible of War, 1939-1945, Volume III of the Official History of the Royal Canadian Air Force, by Brereton Greenhous, Stephen J. Harris, William C. Johnston and William G.P. Rawling. So ships sailed on the formation of seven rows and seven columns. SS Antenor (1924) - British USS Auriga (AK-98) USS Beckham (APA-133) USS Becham Air Training Plan Established. War brides were transported on huge troop ships especially outfitted for their use, and converted luxury liners. 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