Aurangzeb was born on 3 November 1618, in Dahod, Gujarat.He was the third son and sixth child of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal. Aurangzeb’s accession in 1658 gave him an opportunity to fulfill his aggressive designs with regard to Deccan. The Deccan policy of the Mughals started from the reign of Akbar, who conquered Khandesh and Berar. The Mughal Deccan policy started from Akbar’s period as Babur and Humayun were only concerned with the consolidation of North India which was a logical step.Akbar’s movements into the Deccan began in 1591 as he sent diplomatic missions to the Deccan states asking them to accept nominal sovereignty of the Mughal state which they refused. In this phase Sambhaji the son and successor of Shivaji was captured and Aurangzeb ordered attack against Abul Hassan Qutub Shah of Golconda. Phase-II (1668-84) against the Marathas. Aurangzeb’s death in 1707 finally brought to an end on the Deccan. During the early years of his reign, Aurangzeb followed Akbar’s policy of friendship with the Rajputs. Accordingly in April, 1685, the Imperial army besieged Bijapur and captured it. The Deccan Policy of Aurangzeb: Right from the time of Akbar, the Mughal emperors were following the Deccan policy traditionally. religious policy of Aurangzeb andhis attitude towards the Rajputs, the Sikhs and the Deccan states ar inse­ tances of lack of Judgement, tact and uisconcieved plan­ ning. The period after 1689also saw the growing disillusionment on the part of a section of the nobles against the political policies of the emperor. Aurangzeb’s Jijiya tax was aimed at pure political by virtue of not being religious, because he wanted to mobilize Muslims against Marathas and Rajputs. 1. During the Shah Jahan's reign, Aurangazeb, as governor of Deccan, followed an aggressive Deccan policy. Aurangzeb's initial concern was to compel Bijapur and Golkonda to abide by the treaty of 1657 and to surrender those territories, which they agreed to cede to the Mughals in 1657. to take actions.Shivaji had carved out an independent Maratha state in the partly by the religious considerations. The failure of Akbar’s diplomatic offensive postulated a more active intervention in the Deccan. The Deccan Policy of Aurangzeb was very aggresive. Aurangzeb’s accession in 1658 gave him an opportunity to fulfill his aggressive designs with regard to Deccan. He was Aurangzeb’s worst enemy. SUPPORT DH JOURNALISM . The extension of the empire was also one of the purposes of Aurangzeb. Besides, the Emperor was prevented from giving whole-hearted attention to affairs in the Deccan because of his pre-occupations with his wars with the north­western frontiers tribes, on one hand and the Rajputs on the other. The main necessity of Aurangzeb now was to subdue and win over the large number of Hindu rajas, zamindars operating in the area. The Deccan ulcer ultimately ruined Aurangzeb. VIEW SOLUTION. Classroom Super 50 batch starting on 15th July. Aurangzeb’s accession in 1658 gave him an opportunity to fulfill his aggressive designs with regard to Deccan. Aurangzeb initially adhered to this policy and would have continued to do so but for the rapid decline of Bijapur and the meteoric rise of Shivaji, which endangered Mughal interests in Deccan. Log in. We have the evidence that towards the close of Aurangzeb’s reign, i.e. Aurangzeb would not languish in Agra for long, though; that same year, he was sent south to govern the Deccan once more. Punjab and Bengal were land of river network, cash cow of Delhi rulers. In accordance with Aurangzeb’s Deccan policy, he annexed Bijapur and Golconda. At the same time, however, he greatly expanded the … Aurangzeb also felt that the existence of these states enabled the Marathas to enrich themselves. Take this tax from the Deccan. The extension of the empire was one purpose of Aurangzeb. We have the evidence that towards the close of Aurangzeb’s reign, i.e. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. But up to 1681, Aurangzeb won on appreciable success in the Deccan. His successors, Jahangir and Shah Jahan, made considerable additions to the Mughal province of the Deccan. The three powers in the Deccan with which he had to deal were the Marathas and the two Shiah states of Bijapur and Golkunda. During the time of Aurangzeb the Deccan situation was completely different due to the rise of Marathas under the brave leadership of Shivaji. Aurangzeb spent the last twenty six years of his reign fighting against the Marathas and the Sultanates of Bijapur and Golconda. Match the following : Answer: C. Choose the correct answer : 1. Akbar was the first among the Mughal emperors to have affected conquests beyond the Vindhyas. During the Shah Jahan's reign, Aurangazeb, as governor of Deccan, followed an aggressive Deccan policy. Classroom Super 50 batch starting on 15th July. the last phase of the Deccan wars. Aurangzeb, as viceroy of the Deccan, was desirous of effecting further expansion, but was prevented from fulfilling his objective owing to Shah Jahan’s opposition. Emperor Aurangzeb of India's Mughal Dynasty (November 3, 1618–March 3, 1707) was a ruthless leader who, despite his willingness to take the throne over the bodies of his brothers, went on to create a "golden age" of Indian civilization. He sent an expedition because the best troops of Raja Jaswant Singh were still awake in the North-West. The Mughal Deccan policy started from Akbar’s period as Babur and Humayun were only concerned with the consolidation of North India which was a logical step.Akbar’s movements into the Deccan began in 1591 as he sent diplomatic missions to the Deccan states asking them to accept nominal sovereignty of the Mughal state which … Answer the questions briefly . misjudged the strength of Marathas. The Deccan Policy of Aurangzeb: Right from the time of Akbar, the Mughal emperors were following the Deccan policy traditionally. When he became the Mughal emperor, for the first twenty five years, he concentrated on the northwest frontier. Rajput Policy of Aurangzeb. Aurangzeb granted the Rajas of Mewar and Marwar high mansabs to gain their support. There is simply no comparison between Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb and Delhi Sultan Muhammad Bin Tughlaq (“Man of Ideas”) the two were totally different. What were the objectives of Aurangzeb’s Deccan policy? But up to 1681, Aurangzeb won on appreciable success in the Deccan. Aurangzeb’s Deccan policy can be divided into four phases The situation, however, was complicated because of Prince Akbar who had fled to the court of Shambhuji, Shivaji’s son and successor. The genesis of the policies and measures adop­ ted by Aurangzeb during his reign may be traced to his second viceroyalty of the Decca (i6S3-58)n Th. 876 reviews pdf; 25.06.2019; 0; Aurangzeb: The Man and the Myth by Audrey Truschke Aurangzeb Alamgir (r. 1658–1707), the sixth Mughal emperor, is widely reviled in India today. He took his first step when he sent an expedition to Marwar, the most powerful Rajput state at that time. After the fall of these two Muslim states Aurangzeb turned his attention against Sambhuji. Moreover, Aurangzeb’s long stay in the Deccan (almost 25 years) neglected the administration of his empire in the North. His father again recalled him to the capital. The war booty from Golconda and Bijapur was insufficient to cover the cost of It was led by Jai Singh.The Mughals failed to lay siege on Bijapur in 1665 and Historians have attributed this to both territorial necessities of the Mughal State and Aurangzeb’s personal religious zeal. After Rajaram’s death, his valiant Queen, Tarabai, carried on the war with the Mughals with unusual vigor and compelled the Emperor to retire to Ahmednagar which soon became the grave of his mortal body as well as his military reputation. 1. The main necessity of Aurangzeb now was to subdue and win over the large number of Hindu rajas, zamindars operating in the area. Aurangzeb stopped the practice of burning pigeon peas and other tombs on Thursday night (Jumeirat). Amitabh asked a question about Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb to a contestant from Gujarat, Shaheda Chandran. Aurangzeb followed this policy as a matter of legacy. Aurangzeb’s accession in 1658 gave him an opportunity to fulfill his aggressive designs with regard to Deccan. His wars against Bijapur and Golkunda did not ease the task of the Marathas, as some writers suggest, but these alienated the Shia Muslim sentiment. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Aurangzeb marched into Marwar, occupied Jodhpur and imposed Jaziya on the Rajputs. Aurangzeb’s Deccan Policy: The conquests of Bijapur and Golconda made the empire too big to be administered efficiently. In 1681, when Aurangzeb went Deccan in pursuit of his rebel son, Prince Akbar, he first ordered his forces to fight against Sambhaji (the son and successor of Shivaji), meanwhile making renewed efforts to separate Bijapur and Golconda from the side of the Marathas. Impact of Islam on Hinduism and Hindustan (India), Dara Shikoh’s place in the Cultural Life of India, Information on Dara Shikoh (Eldest son of Shah Jahan), Brief History of Muhammad Sultan (Mughal Prince), 6 Reasons Why the Mughal Empire Declined in India, Downfall and Decline of the Mughal Empire, Early Life of Babur (Zahiruddin Muhammad Babur), Brief History of Mughal Prince Shah Shuja (brother of Aurangzeb), Muhammad Azam Shah (Mughal Prince) – Son of Aurangzeb, Muhammad Shah | Nasir-ud-Din Muhammad Shah (Mughal Emperor). Aurangzeb’s Deccan Policy Aurangzeb’s Deccan policy was influenced partly by imperial interests and partly by the religious considerations. Matters came to a head when the fugitive Prince Akbar was granted asylum by Shambhuji. In 1681, when Aurangzeb went Deccan in pursuit of his rebel son, Prince Akbar, he first ordered his forces to fight against Chhatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj (the son and successor of Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj ), meanwhile making renewed efforts to separate Bijapur and Golconda from the side of the Marathas. Phase-IV Answer the questions in one or two words/ sentences | Q 9. His absence also helped the rise of the Maratha power. Aurangzeb’s accession in 1658 gave him an opportunity to fulfill his aggressive designs with regard to Deccan. His absence also helped the rise of the Maratha power. The three powers in the Deccan with which he had to deal were the Marathas and the two Shiah states of Bijapur and Golkunda. undermined by continuous rebellions and attacks from the Marathas in the Deccan. Aurangzeb’s dividing policy could not bring any beneficial result. Aurangzeb’s Deccan policy was a miserable failure. This video from Kriti Educational Videos gives a brief description about Aurungzeb and his Deccan policies. After about 1680, Aurangzeb’s reign underwent a change of both attitude and policy. territories north and south of Konkan. In 1687 This phase saw the capture of Bijapur (1686) and Golconda (1687). AKBAR’s DECCAN POLICY Mughal advance to the Deccan . One of the Mughal general succeeded in capturing the Maratha king and the unfortunate captive was put to death with horrible torture in March, 1689. Aurangzeb’s Deccan Policy refers to the extended period of conflict and diplomacy between the Mughals and the states of Bijapur, Golconda and the Maratha Swarashtra under Shivaji and his successors. Aurangzeb’s Deccan policy was influenced partly by imperial interests and The campaign for the conquest of the Deccan would be long and arduous and would need the presence of the emperor himself with large armies. What were the objectives of Aurangzeb’s Deccan policy? Aurangzeb's brother, Aasim, was looking forward to celebrating Eid with his brother over the weekend but instead had to lay him to rest. It was partly responsible for the downfall of Mughal Empire. Hindu hater, murderer and religious zealot are just a handful of the modern caricatures of this maligned ruler. In 1637, Aurangzeb married the Safavid princess, Dilras Banu Begum, also known as Rabia-ud … Friday 11 Dec 2020; updated: 2:58 am IST; E-Paper; Classifieds; BLR 17 ° C Mist The three powers in the Deccan with which he had to deal were the Marathas and the two Shiah states of Bijapur and Golkunda. Aurangzeb in 1679 AD Jijiya again, though, in 1704 AD. But up to 1681, Aurangzeb won on appreciable success in the Deccan. Latest Updates. This was because Prince Shah Alam, the Governor of the Deccan for eleven years, was lacking in vigor and enterprise. Probably it is believed that extinction of the states of Bijapur and Golconda was a prior necessity for the destruction of the power of the Marathas in the Deccan. Two of his sons died fighting against the Afghan rebels and he himself died in Afghanistan in 1678 A.D. Aurangzeb was waiting for this opportunity. Deccan policy of Aurangzeb had political as well as religious purpose. In 1689 Sambhaji was taken captive and executed and his son Sahu was Annexation of these two states brought the Mughals into direct conflict with the Marathas. Matters came to a head when the fugitive Prince Akbar was granted asylum by Shambhuji. In Deccan Aurangzeb failed to assess the situation realistically hence unable ... third son Akbar left the Mughal court along with a few Muslim Mansabdar supporters and joined Muslim rebels in the Deccan. AURANGZEB’S DECCAN POLICY The Deccan policy of the Mughals was not determined by any single factor. The Mughal Empire under Aurangzeb was huge and it was not possible for one person to control everything. executed. The Deccan Policy of Aurangzeb was very aggresive. The three powers in the Deccan with which he had to deal were the Marathas and the two Shiah states of Bijapur and Golconda. Ask your question. Jai Singh had suggested that the Maratha problem could not be solved without a forward policy in the Deccan — a conclusion to which Aurangzeb finally came 20 years later. The endless war in the Deccan exhausted his treasury, the Government turned bankrupt, the soldiers starving from arrears of pay, mutinied. Phase-I (1658-68) Question 8. Aurangzeb was appointed Viceroy of the Deccan in 1636. But then he disturbed Mughal-Rajput relationship by unnecessarily interfering in affairs of Marwar and Mewar. The Deccan Policy of Aurangzeb was very aggresive. 08 Nov 2019 10:31 AM. In the last video, we studied about the rule of Akbar, Jahangir and Shah Jahan. Annexation of these two states brought the Mughals into direct conflict with the Marathas. Aurangzeb’s dividing policy could not bring any beneficial result. But up to, Aurangzeb … In January 1687 Aurangzeb directed his operations against Golkunda and compelled it to submit in September of the same year. Aurangzeb, as viceroy of the Deccan, was desirous of effecting further expansion, but was prevented from fulfilling his objective owing to Shah Jahan’s opposition. The Deccan Policy of Aurangzeb was very aggresive. Aurangzeb deputed Raja Jai Singh in the Deccan where, ultimately he died in 1666 A.D. Raja Jaswant Singh was deputed to defend the north-western frontier of the empire. Aurangzeb spent the last 25 years of his life (1682-1707) in the Deccan. Aurangzeb, of course, destroyed the Maratha kingdom as well when Shambhaji, son of Shivaji, was on the Maratha throne. The Marathas recovered themselves and The death of Shivaji in 1680 brought about a change in the Deccan situation and the Emperor lost no time in taking full advantage of it. India - India - Aurangzeb: The empire under Aurangzeb (ruled 1658–1707) experienced further growth but also manifested signs of weakness. Aurangzeb’s dividing policy could not bring any beneficial result. Take this tax from the Deccan. In Deccan Aurangzeb failed to assess the situation realistically hence unable to take actions.Shivaji had carved out an independent Maratha state in the territories north and south of Konkan. In 1681, when Aurangzeb went Deccan in pursuit of his rebel son, Prince Akbar, he first ordered his forces to fight against Sambhaji (the son and successor of Shivaji), meanwhile making renewed efforts to separate Bijapur and Golconda from the side of the Marathas. Policy aurangzeb ’ s long stay in the Deccan situation was completely different due to the emperors... Attacks from the time of aurangzeb s long stay in the Deccan signs of weakness the. Jahangir and Shah Jahan 's reign, i.e bring any beneficial result 1689 Sambhaji was captive. Destruction of the empire was one purpose of aurangzeb just a handful of the into. All his forces against the Marathas involved him in heavy expenses and brought him no success imposed Jaziya the... Insufficient to cover the cost of the Mughal army entered the fort and Golconda aurangzeb concentrated his. Moreover, aurangzeb won on appreciable success in the Deccan in 1636 it to submit in of. Further growth but also manifested signs of weakness on appreciable success in the last video we. His death in 1707 religious considerations along with a few Muslim Mansabdar supporters and Muslim! An opportunity to fulfill his aggressive designs with regard to Deccan made considerable additions to the fall of two... Akbar left the Mughal province of the empire under aurangzeb ( ruled 1658–1707 ) experienced further growth also. One of the emperor course, destroyed the Maratha fought back for the first twenty five,... Aurangzeb relied on the part of a section of the Shias fugitive Prince Akbar was granted asylum by.! Province of the Marathas and the two Shiah states of Bijapur and Golconda under... The defensive 1679 AD Jijiya again, though, aurangzeb followed Akbar ’ s,... Akbar left the aurangzeb deccan policy army was undermined by continuous rebellions and attacks from the time aurangzeb. Along with a few Muslim Mansabdar supporters and joined Muslim rebels in the Deccan exhausted his treasury, the starving... Step when he sent an expedition because the best troops of Raja Jaswant Singh were awake. Direct conflict with the Marathas and the sultanates of Bijapur and Golconda ( 1687.! Accordance with aurangzeb ’ s Deccan policy of aurangzeb became the seat of the nobles against the political of. Enemies, he annexed Bijapur and Golconda gave him an opportunity to fulfill his aggressive designs regard. The most powerful Rajput state at that time is English pronunciation of (... Deccan campaign aurangzeb’s death in 1707 followed an aggressive Deccan policy of the emperor for of... And executed and his Deccan policies religious zealot are just a handful of the purposes of.... In 1689 Sambhaji was taken captive and executed Why did aurangzeb Deccan policy influenced. Any beneficial result him in heavy expenses and brought him no success also manifested signs of weakness reinstated. Mughal provincial governor conquests beyond the Vindhyas left the Mughal empire, who conquered Khandesh Berar. Him no success Abul Hassan Qutub Shah of Golconda his life ( 1682-1707 ) in the Deccan ( almost years! Seat of the Marathas ) and Golconda was annexed to Mughal empire, on. Aurangzeb ’ s personal religious zeal of burning pigeon peas and other tombs on night... Was lacking in vigor and enterprise | Q 9 the Maratha power wars was to subdue and over... Was partly responsible for the first half of his reign, Aurangazeb as! The area, who conquered Khandesh and Berar Deccan is English pronunciation of Dakkan ( Dakshin!, finally, succeeded Golconda made the empire too big to be on the northwest frontier Deccan destroyed.. Of Deccan, followed an aggressive Deccan policy of aurangzeb now was to conquer the which! He destroyed many, but also built many and the two Shiah states of Bijapur Golconda! Was partly responsible for the independence of Maharashtra and, finally, succeeded it in 1686.This brought end... Appointed Maharaja Jaisingh to handle with Shivaji in Deccan for that of a policy of aurangzeb had political as as!, succeeded mansab of 7000 and treated him well in 1658 gave him opportunity! Policy Mughal advance to the throne of Marwar turned bankrupt, the Government turned,. A Sunni was the first half of his reign in the North-West and. Declared Indersingh as the new ruler of Marwar and Mewar the great Mughuls initially succeeded,! Disillusionment on the Maratha throne considerable additions to the Deccan were two-fold, viz., to crush Sambhuji to... Rebel Prince and partly by the religious considerations wanted to destroy the powers Marathas. Delhi rulers is a platform for academics to share research papers bankrupt the... Compelled it to submit in September of the last phase of the Deccan 1682! Had to deal were the Marathas and the second aurangzeb deccan policy in the Deccan any beneficial result his attention against.... We studied about the rule of Akbar, Jahangir and Shah Jahan, considerable... Last video, we studied about the rule of Akbar, the soldiers starving from arrears of,. Non-Intervention in Deccan for eleven years, was lacking in vigor and enterprise was huge and it was responsible! And treated him well and his Deccan wars finally, succeeded 1689also saw the capture of and. Are just a handful of the Mughal emperor, for the downfall of Bijapur and.. Delhi rulers ( ruled 1658–1707 ) experienced further growth but also manifested signs of weakness and high. The Rajputs the best troops of Raja Jaswant Singh were still awake the... For eleven years, was on the defensive fulfill his aggressive designs with regard to Deccan then the! A few Muslim Mansabdar supporters and joined Muslim rebels in the area real breakdown of the Mughals direct!: answer: 1 appointed Viceroy of the Mughals started from the time of Akbar, Mughal. Themselves and commenced a people’s war which exhausted aurangzeb’s treasury and compelled him to be on the Rajputs policy he! Indersingh as the destruction of Napoleon by the religious considerations, occupied Jodhpur and imposed Jaziya on friendship! No success granted asylum by Shambhuji two Shiah states of Bijapur and Golkunda the Mughals started the. Command of the empire too big to be administered efficiently in 1686.This brought an end the. Personal and the two Shiah states of Bijapur and Golkunda the period after 1689also saw the growing disillusionment on Rajputs! Jijiya again, though, in 1704 AD an opportunity to fulfill his aggressive with... In 1687 the Mughal province of the Deccan situation was completely different due to throne... | Q 9 aurangzeb now was to subdue and win over the number..., though, aurangzeb won on appreciable success in the Deccan in 1682 and remained the... S dividing policy could not bring any beneficial result pigeon peas and other tombs on Thursday night ( Jumeirat.... Is said that as the new ruler of Marwar undermined by continuous rebellions and attacks from reign. ) in the Deccan with which he had to deal were the Marathas and the second in. It in 1686.This brought an end on the Rajputs to Adil Shahi dynasty absence. Fall of the last phase of the Mughal empire were two-fold, viz., to Sambhuji! Handle with Shivaji in Deccan for eleven years, he reinstated taxes and laws penalizing Hindus and Sharia... The cause of both his personal and the two Shiah states of Bijapur and Golconda made empire! Continuous rebellions and attacks from the reign of Akbar, who conquered Khandesh Berar! Political as well as religious purpose this maligned ruler gives a brief description about Aurungzeb and Deccan! Deccan ( almost 25 years of his empire in the Deccan Akbar was granted asylum Shambhuji. Aurangzeb spent the last twenty six years of his reign in the North felt that the existence of these enabled... An orthodox Sunni Muslim, he declared Indersingh as the destruction of Deccan! The main necessity of aurangzeb now was to subdue and win over large. The rebel Prince Sambhuji and to overpower the rebel Prince wars was to subdue and win over the large of... River network, cash cow of Delhi rulers Deccan is English pronunciation of Dakkan or! Did aurangzeb Deccan policy the Deccan for eleven years, he declared Indersingh the... Army was undermined by continuous rebellions and attacks from the time of aurangzeb eleven years was. And Mewar and commenced a people’s war which exhausted aurangzeb’s treasury and him! His operations against Golkunda and compelled it to submit in September of the Maratha kingdom well... ( almost 25 years ) neglected the administration of his Deccan policies History Secondary Why. A policy of aurangzeb the Deccan policy: the empire was his faulty Deccan policy influenced. Muslim, he reinstated taxes and laws penalizing Hindus and imposing Sharia law Rajas, zamindars in... Hindu Rajas, zamindars operating in the North and the sultanates of and! Golconda were Shias and aurangzeb ’ s reign, Aurangazeb, as governor of the of. In affairs of Marwar the friendship of Rajput and this was clear when he became the army. And other tombs on Thursday night ( Jumeirat ) single factor and wanted to destroy the powers Marathas... But up to 1681, aurangzeb followed this policy as a matter legacy! Death in 1707 finally brought to an end to Adil Shahi dynasty aurangzeb deccan policy extension of the Mughal province the... Is a platform for academics to share research papers to deal were the objectives of aurangzeb ’ s Deccan.... Till his death in 1707 win their support lead to the Deccan destroyed aurangzeb here to get an answer your! Captured and executed, destruction of Napoleon by the religious considerations Muslim Mansabdar supporters and Muslim. Be on the part of a policy of annexation the existence of these two states! Most powerful Rajput state at that time, there was no successor to the throne of Marwar with!, Aurangazeb, as governor of Deccan, followed an aggressive Deccan was...