This section does underwater work incident to construction of quay walls, wharves, piers, etc.[53][54][55][56][57][58]. The records of ships used to carry troops to their theaters of operations were destroyed intentionally in 1951. (note; Avn=Aviation), AAF Emergency Rescue Boat Squadron (ERBS), Airborne Engineer Battalion (pneumatic reconnaissance boats), 15 boat, reconnaissance, pneumatic, canvas, 2-man, 14 boat, assault, M-2, with paddles and canvas bag, LCI(G)(M)(R)—Landing Craft, Infantry (Gunboat) (Mortar) (Rocket), LCSS, LCS(S) : Landing Craft, Support (Small), an LCP(L) conversion, fitted with heavy machine guns, LCVP or LCV(P): Landing Craft, Vehicle (Personnel), This page was last edited on 25 December 2020, at 00:21. Bridges and rafts are constructed of four units of 25-ton heavy ponton equipment, M1940. No other ships are listed, including those which are only mentioned in the archives or shipping in 1971 sections.) Further information on Cable laying ships: Further information on Engineer Port Repair ships: Coast Artillery Corps Mine Planter Service, South West Pacific Area (SWPA) - Services of Supply (USASOS), Water Branch - Army Transport Service (ATS), Harbor Branch - Harbor Boat Service (HBS), Air Corps - Quartermaster Corps (QMC) boat service, "List of World War II vessel types of the United States", Learn how and when to remove this template message, USASPB Col. William. Rescue boats included the following. For smaller vessels, see also list of World War II ships of less than 1000 tons. Then tugs, tow boats, or marine tractors propel the barges to the shore for unloading. [60] Equipment included a steel-treadway bridge M1, providing a floating bridge about 1,080 feet long, or a steel-treadway bridge M2, providing a floating bridge about 864 feet long. WeTransfer is the simplest way to send your files around the world. SS Pratt Victory was converted and used as a temporary minesweeper in 1945 and 1946. Coast Guard Cutters. It does needed work on docks and wharves in conjunction with engineer port construction and repair groups. So if you are looking for a particular ship or unit, you will have to use the FIND function in your browser. Source: Troopships of World War II by Roland W. Charles, published by the Army Transportation Association, Washington, D.C., 1947 Troop ships for which additional information is available on this website. Name : Comm. Seagoing cowboys ships, 1946 to 1947 temporary conversion of 46 Merchant Marine Victory ships to transport relief livestock. commissioned ships to transport American service personnel across All but the regular Navy's Hendersonand Hancock(later AP-1 and AP-3, not included here) were former merchant passenger liners, sixteen of them German vessels that had been laid up in U.S. ports since the great conflict began in 1914. Amphibious warfare vessels include all ships with organic capability for amphibious warfare and which have characteristics enabling long duration operations on the high seas. Landing ship, tank (LST), naval ship specially designed to transport and deploy troops, vehicles, and supplies onto foreign shores for the conduct of offensive military operations. These lists recorded details on all persons arriving at U.S. ports on ATS ships. This list also includes ships that were planned as a class but only one was completed. Name : Comm. Any cargo too heavy for the vessel's gear to lift is handled by a 60-ton floating crane. [61][62][63][64], Yard and District Craft Smaller vessels known as "junior mine planters" or "pup planters", were occasionally employed as mine planters, but they mostly served as freight and passenger boats for river and harbor duty with the Harbor Boat Service. Troops and Cargo Transported During World War II under U.S. Army Control In February 1942, all merchant ships were requisitioned by the U.S. government. List by Country "According to our [U. S. National Archives] records, in 1951 the Department of the Army destroyed all passenger lists, manifests, logs of vessels, and troop movement files of United States Army Transports for World War II." Click here to view a site map. Unit names are spelled out when they fit (but not always); so search for the unit number - e.g., "106" or "106th" for the 106th Infantry Division. Discover information and vessel positions for vessels around the world. Introduction Fleet warships Other warships Offensive Merchant Vessels Merchant Vessels “He that commands the sea is at great liberty, and may take as much or as little of the war as he will” - Francis Bacon. Troopships were operated by the Army Transportation Service, with "civilian" mariners; by the U.S. Navy; and the War Shipping Administration. Amphibious warfare vessels include all ships with organic capability for amphibious warfare and which have characteristics enabling long duration operations on the high seas. Major warships Battleships. Their stream-crossing equipment included: The Heavy ponton battalion was attached to a corps in river-crossing operations to provide bridges and rafts capable of supporting heavier loads. Introduction Fleet warships Other warships Offensive Merchant Vessels ... Their main purpose was to transport people between destinations, in much the same way as the airliner does today, rather than to provide a pleasant holiday experience. The construction platoon consists of a divers' section under the supervision of an officer, as master diver. The Engineer Amphibian Brigade, redesignated in 1943 as Engineer Special Brigade provided personnel and equipment for transporting combat troops from a friendly near shore to a hostile far shore when the distance is not over 100 miles. This is a List of World War II vessel types of the United States using during World War II. World War II Troop Ships is a "Fang, Ramses & Rupert " production. (History of the Army Transport Service) The following data includes troops and supplies carried on merchant ships and on ATS ships. Initially converting large merchant ships as troop transports equipped with davits for handling 36-foot boats, the Navy adopted “Higgins boats” as standard. Ships are listed by type (battleships, aircraft carriers, etc. Return to Ships of the U.S. Navy, 1940-45: Transports, Return to HyperWar: World War II on the World Wide Web, Compiled and formatted by Patrick Clancey, HyperWar Foundation (see the Main Page for sources and methodology), Ships of the U.S. Navy, 1940-45: Transports, HyperWar: World War II on the World Wide Web, Converted to Amphibious Force Command ship, Adm Turner's flagship at Guadalcanal landing, Steamed 186,000 miles, transporting nearly 100,000 troops, Armament: 4 5"/38 DP, 4x2 40mm, 14x2 20mm, Turboelectric engines; 18,000 hp; 2 shafts, Steam turbine engines; 17,000 hp; 2 shafts. Disp. Ships known by a number, such as German u-boats, are not listed individually, although their existence is recorded. Some vessels called "landing ships" did not have the capability to off-load troops and supplies onto beaches; they were just transports or command-and-control vessels. It was a miscellaneous collection of luggers, rusty trawlers, old schooners, launches, ketches, yawls, and yachts.[11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18]. [22][23], FM 55-130 Small Boats and Harbor Craft[24]. [50], The 1943 Engineer Field Manual described a table of organization and equipment for specialized types of engineering units. [19][20][21], Cargo ships moved freight around the world. As of 2014[update] this list is not complete. The T.1-class transports were based on Matsu-class destroyer hulls with one set of engines removed to make space for troops and cargo. Miscellaneous Class. Eventually, 2,193 LCP(L) and 2,631 LCP(R) were built, followed by 23,358 LCVP (Landing Craft Vehicle Personnel) of which General Dwight Eisenhower said, “Andrew Higgins . Merchant Ships Sunk or Damaged by Mines in World War II (40K) Foreign Ships Taken Over by U.S Maritime Commission during World War II. Joshua Hanlon from BrickPodcast.com checks out the Dan Siskind World War II LST display. MarineTraffic Live Ships Map. Boulder Victory-class cargo ship, 20 World War II US Navy cargo ships. The link for each ship will transfer you to a shipping company page, where there is at least one publication which mentions the ship. For smaller vessels, see also list of World War II ships of less than 1000 tons. [51] These included:[52]. The Army had a history of submarine cable work by the time of World War II operations dating back to the 1899-1900 period. Selected Troopships of WWII - Scroll down to see total list. The engineer Engineer Port Repair ship is equipped with repair facilities that include a heavy crane and a machine shop and maintains channels and ship berths by removing sunken ships and other obstructions. . Equipment included two units of M3 pneumatic bridge equipage or two units of M1938 10-ton ponton bridge equipment. This article incorporates text from one or more United States military publications now in the public domain. Troopships used during World War II included passenger liners such as SS America, C2s, C3s, C4s, Liberty and Victory ships, foreign ships taken over by the USA such as the Saturnia. The vessels may either be riding offshore at anchor in the open sea or more likely, anchored in a harbor. For smaller vessels, see also list of World War II ships of less than 1000 tons. This page lists all of the ship classes used during World War II. Only warships with a displacement of 1,000tons or greater are listed. The brigade can transport one division when reinforced by naval LCT boats. A Treadway bridge company is attached to an armored division in river-crossing operations to provide a bridge for heavy vehicles. This list does not include individual ships that were part of a class. There are two classifications of craft: amphibious warfare ships which are built to cross oceans, and landing craft, which are designed to take troops from ship to shore in an invasion. It also maintains channel markings and other aids for pilots. Enlisted personnel consists of marine divers and divers' attendants. Various merchant ship cards. ), including the conventions for naming ships of the type, with further links to lists of individual ships by type and class, leading to individual pages for each ship which include description, history, and photo (where available). Index of the ships of the U.S. fleet (Navy and Coast Guard) in commission during World War II. LSTs were designed during World War II to disembark military forces without the use of dock facilities or the various cranes and lifts necessary to unload merchant ships. Ships Attacked Before December 7, 1941 (12K) American Merchant Marine Ships at Normandy in June 1944 (44K) Includes: Cargo ships, Blockships, … An "S" fleet under Army control was created using local Australian vessels crewed largely by civilian Australians and New Zealanders. View vessel details and ship photos. This list of ships of the Second World War contains major military vessels of the war, arranged alphabetically and by type. This page lists all of the ship classes used during World War II. WWII British terminology Amphibious Force Flagship Landing Ship, Headquarters. During World War Two, hundreds of cargo ships raced across the Atlantic in an effort to keep Britain supplied. The List of ships of World War II is an alphabetical list of major military ships of World War II. No. The List of ships of World War II is an alphabetical list of major military ships of World War II. World War II merchant ship movement records for Australia. Coastwise and inter-island cargo ships, sometimes known as coastal freighters. Only warships with a displacement of 1,000tons or greater are listed. "According to our [U. S. National Archives] records, in 1951 the Department of the Army destroyed all passenger lists, manifests, logs of vessels, and troop movement files of United States Army Transports for World War II." Ships Sunk or Damaged during WW II (20K) View in Alphabetical, Chronological, or Geographical order. No. The List of ships of the Second World War contains major military vessels of the war, … Search for popular ships globally. SHIP TYPES. Ships of the U.S. Navy, 1940-1945 AP -- Transports Click on "AP-##" for link to page with specifications, history, photographs (where available). "According to our [U. S. National Archives] records, in 1951 the Department of the Army destroyed all passenger lists, manifests, logs of vessels, and troop movement files of United States Army Transports for World War II." This list includes submarines, battleships, minelayers, oilers, barges, pontoon rafts and other types of water craft, boats and ships. . In March 1942, most of the transportation functions of the Army Quartermaster were consolidated into the Transportation Division of the newly created Services of Supply and later that same year, on July 31, the Transportation Corps was established. Different units aboard are separated by semi-colons (;). Its work is performed in conjunction with engineer port repair ship operations offshore. Acadia . All U.S. Navy Transports of World War II; listed by class, with descriptions and links to individual ships. The Iowa Class ships stretched 270.4m but were relatively thin, with only 33m max length, enabling these ships to pass through the Panama Canal. The list of Kriegsmarine ships includes all ships commissioned into the Kriegsmarine, the navy of Nazi Germany, during its existence from 1935 to the conclusion of World War II in 1945. The records of ships used to carry troops to their theaters of operations were destroyed intentionally in 1951. Selected Troopships of WWII - Scroll down to see total list. Ships used in the WS convoys, other than the aborted Azores enterprise, were either liners employed as personnel ships ("troopships") or fast freighters requisitioned as MT ships. . . Index of the ships of the U.S. fleet (Navy and Coast Guard) in commission during World War II. World War II Troop Ships claims no ownership of the images displayed on this site except for those expressly stated to have been photographed by "Shayne E. Wallesch". At 22 knots, the resulting 1,500-ton vessel was quite fast for an assault transport. The T.1-class design featured a distinctive stern sloped down to the waterline. Find locations of ports and ships using the near Real Time ships map. Vessels operated by the Maritime Commission included Liberty and Victory Ships. [4], Army communications ships in the South West Pacific theater of World War II provided radio relay services and acted as command posts for forward elements ashore. That … Click here to view a site map. Miscellaneous Class . Pre-WW2 cargo ships . [6], Operated in the Southwest Pacific Area. Initially converting large merchant ships as troop transports equipped with davits for handling 36-foot boats, the Navy adopted “Higgins boats” as standard. See the list of naval ships of Germany for ships in German service throughout the country's history. For questions or comments about this site, please e-mail ww2_troopships@comcast.net. The Harbor Craft Company is organized for the purpose of ferrying to shore cargo from freighters and transports arriving in theaters of operation. Being commissioned in June 1944, the USS Missouri took part in many operations during the Pacific War including bombardments … Operationally, standard troopships–often drafted from commercial shipping fleets–cannot land troops directly on shore, typically loading and unloading at a seaport or onto smaller vessels, either tenders or barges. These merchant ship papers have been scanned from the original documents and are posted in PDF format. Acadia U.S. All U.S. Navy Attack Transports (APA) in commission during WWII listed by class; with descriptions and links to individual ship pages. In some instances, troops from other countries traveled on U.S. Army ships as well. The Army Transport Service (ATS), originating with the Quartermaster Corps in 1898 and continuing into Transportation Corps as a division, operated the Army's large ships, most of which were transports, but ATS also manned the Army's large cable ships. This list also includes ships that were planned as a class but only one was completed. Disp. [48][49], Reorganized 6 June 1942 as Construction Division - Engineering and Operations branches. The largest vessels of the service were the U.S. Army Mine Planter (USAMP), which was equipped to install mines and associated control cables. Some uncompleted Axisships … The company is attached to a division in river-crossing operations to provide bridges and rafts. These ships of other classifications, whether transports, minelayers, or landing ships were considered by many as "miscellaneous" ships, but their importance in the war could not be discounted. Eventually, 2,193 LCP(L) and 2,631 LCP(R) were built, followed by 23,358 LCVP (Landing Craft Vehicle Personnel) of which General Dwight Eisenhower said, “Andrew Higgins . In addition to troops, passengers could also include nurses and other support personnel, family members, and any other passengers who may have been traveling onboard these ships. In the same manner as a modern airliner, passengers were split in to a number of classes. Search the MarineTraffic ships database of more than 550000 active and decommissioned vessels. Much of this work had been in relation to communications with far flung Army forces in the Philippines and Alaska. Attack Transport Landing Ship, Infantry. All U.S. Navy Attack Transports (APA) in commission during WWII listed by class; with descriptions and links to individual ship pages. LSTs were designed during World War II to disembark military forces without the use of dock facilities or the various cranes and lifts necessary to unload merchant ships. The Army Signal Corps used a number of cable ships for that work including Burnside, Romulus, Liscum, Dellwood and two vessels intimately associated with the Coast Artillery Corps controlled mine work at the coastal fortifications; Cyrus W. Field and Joseph Henry. The brigade resupplies these troops during the early stages of establishing a beachhead. A. Glassford (BSP-2098), South West Pacific theater of World War II, SS Simmons Victory (end USS Liberty (AGTR-5)), Water Transportation - U.S. Army, 1939-1942, ASF, FM 21-6 List of Publications for Training - January 20, 1945, p262 The Signal Corps: The Outcome ( Mid-1943 through 1945 ), A salute to the doyen of old paddle-steamers, U.S. Army Transportation in the Southwest Pacific Area 1941-1947, The Formation and Operation of the US Army Small Ships in World War II, pp. [1][2], The Army Mine Planter Service was responsible for the minefields of the Coast Artillery Corps' coast defenses. WWII Merchant Ship Movement Records - Australia . For questions or comments about this site, please e-mail ww2_troopships@comcast.net. [10], As there was a need for a fleet of shallow-draft vessels that could navigate among coral reefs, use primitive landing places far up the coast of New Guinea, and land along the outlying islands. The primary mission of the engineer port construction and repair group is to make ready for use the facilities of ports of debarkation in a theater of operations. The list may also include several ships commissioned before World War II. and to perform work involved in improvement or expansion of such ports, exclusive of harbors. Source: Troopships of World War II by Roland W. Charles, published by the Army Transportation Association, Washington, D.C., 1947 Troop ships for which additional information is available on this website. . These ships, which boasted an amazing 212,000hp allowing a 33knots max speed, were armed with massive 40.6cm main guns. 430, 448-53 The Transportation Corps: Operations Overseas, Ships and Men of the Army Transport Service (ATS), Troops and Cargo Transported During World War II under U.S. Army Control, FM 55-105 Water Transportation: Oceangoing Vessels (War Department 25SEPT1944), p159 The Coast Guard at War, USCG crewed F ships, U.S. Army "FS" (Freight-Supply) Vessels Manned by Coast Guard crews, Historic Ships To Visit - Army Corps Of Engineers, The dredge "William L. Marshall" in World War II, The Corps of Engineers: The War Against Germany: CHAPTER XVI Developing Beaches and Reconstructing Ports, The District, A History of the Philadelphia District, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 1866-1971, Marine Design - Unique Mission, United States Army in World War II - The Corps of Engineers: Troops and Equipment - Chapter XVII - Preparing to Reconstruct Ports, General Instructions for Transports Cargo Vessels, and Landing Craft of Amphibious Forces, HyperWar Subject Index Amphibious Warfare, Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, Naval Vessel Register -NAVY SHIP CLASSIFICATIONS, HISTORIC SHIPS TO VISIT - LISTED BY TYPE OF GOVERNMENT SERVICE, Summary of Vessels Built in WWII, by Type, Comparison of U.S. Army and U.S. Navy Vessels in World War II, Engineer Assault Boats in Canadian Service, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_World_War_II_vessel_types_of_the_United_States&oldid=996181623, World War II naval ships of the United States, World War II auxiliary ships of the United States, United States in World War II-related lists, Articles with dead external links from March 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from November 2008, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from December 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Maintenance ship, a CS ship additionally equipped to perform radio repair, News ship, was used by civilian journalist, Utility Vessel 96' Wood (Design 333) - Harbor Tug, Freight & Passenger Vessel (Small) - under 100', Freight & Passenger Vessel (Large) - over 100', Quick Supply Boat: Design 235-C (Boat, Supply, High Speed, Gasoline, Wood, 104'), see P type, a powerful small boat designed to pull or push larger vessels, a vessel equipped for digging out the bed of a water way, a vessel equipped for removing obstructions in a water way, 3-inch gun turrets (fore and aft), 20-millimeter gun turrets (midship), workshops, cranes, machine shops, U.S Army divers' complement, 10 man plywood boat that could also be used for infantry support rafts or used in the assembly of an expedient assault boat bridge, 8 man (6+2 crew) hi speed powerboat with a 55 HP Outboard Motor, designed to beach at speed, thus allowing the soldiers on board to "Storm the Shore", heavy ponton (25 ton) and light ponton (10 ton), USAT Cynthia Olsen (sunk December 7, 1941), C Navy Type Launch (Obsolete designation), Quartermaster Boat Company, Avn. The list may also include several ships commissioned before World War II. Cargo from the ships is loaded by Transportation Corps port company personnel onto barges. Ships of the U.S. Navy, 1940-1945 APA -- Attack Transports Click on "APA-##" for link to page with specifications, history, photographs (where available). ), including the conventions for naming ships of the type, with further links to lists of individual ships by type and class, leading to individual pages for each ship which include description, history, and photo (where available). The Army also had its own fleet of ships, the Water Division of the Army Transportation Corps (ATS), with "civilian" seamen contract employees. is the man who won the war for us. Under the Army organization of 1940, the Army Quartermaster was charged with the responsibility of providing the Army with all water transport services except those specifically authorized; for the Corps of Engineers in river and harbor work, for the Coast Artillery Corps in mine planting, and for the Signal Corps in cable laying (the Army had no communication ships at this time). Late in 1943 all rescue-boat activities were reassigned to the Army Air Forces. Troopships used during World War II included commercial passenger liners, C2s, C3s, C4s, Liberty and Victory ships, and foreign ships taken over by the United States such as the Saturnia, etc. Commercial shippping ceased, and the War Shipping Administration made all decisions regarding cargo and destinations. SHIP TYPES. World War II Troop Ships is a "Fang, Ramses & Rupert " production. [25][26][27][28], (F, FT & FP were reclassified FS early in World War II), FS-80 to FS-90 were merchant vessels refitted for wartime operation[29]. Landing ship, tank (LST), naval ship specially designed to transport and deploy troops, vehicles, and supplies onto foreign shores for the conduct of offensive military operations. Share large files up to 2GB for free. [3] In addition to the mine planters, there were distribution box boats, used for servicing the mine-cable distribution boxes and rugged utility boats called motor mine yawls. Japanese Naval and Merchant Shipping Losses During World War II by All Causes Prepared by The Joint Army-Navy Assessment Committee NAVEXOS P 468 February 1947 The small boat company provided regular coastal and island service to bases in the Aleutian and Pacific Islands to supply food and equipment transported by small coastal and inter-island vessels and water craft that were under 200 feet or under 1,000 gross tons of the following vessel types. Ships are listed by type (battleships, aircraft carriers, etc. Troop ships included the following. World War II Troop Ships claims no ownership of the images displayed on this site except for those expressly stated to have been photographed by "Shayne E. Wallesch". This list does not include individual ships that were part of a class. July to December: The records of ships used to carry troops to their theaters of operations were destroyed intentionally in 1951. Ships known by a number, such as German u-boats, are not listed individually, although their existence is recorded. Troopships and Hospital ships of World War II, including those operated by the American Merchant Marine War Shipping Administration, U.S. Navy, and Army Transport Service Nothing illustrates the total change in ship appearances between the 1930s and the era of the Container ship ( Box boat) and the Roll- on /Roll-off ship ( ro/ro) of the post 1970s than does the line up of the pre-WW2 cargo ship. Ships of the U.S. Navy, 1940-1945 APA -- Attack Transports A troopship (also troop ship or troop transport or trooper) is a ship used to carry soldiers, either in peacetime or wartime. The list includes armed vessels that served during the war and in the immediate aftermath, inclusive of localized ongoing combat operations, garrison surrenders, post-surrender occupation, colony re-occupation, troop and prisoner repatriation, to the end of 1945. The 1899-1900 period 51 ] these included: [ 52 ] by naval LCT boats part many... Fleet ( Navy and Coast Guard ww2 transport ships in commission during World War ships! Army control was created using local Australian vessels crewed largely by civilian and. Acadia these lists recorded details on all persons arriving at U.S. ports on ATS ships ports ships! The vessel 's gear to lift is handled by a 60-ton floating crane semi-colons ( ; ) 1942... 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Pacific Area of ports and ships using the near Real time ships map one set of engines to... Transport service ) the following data includes troops and cargo the brigade can one. Used to carry troops to their theaters of operation the same manner as a class but one! Stern sloped down to see total list maintains channel markings and other aids pilots! More than 550000 active and decommissioned vessels selected Troopships of WWII - Scroll down the... At U.S. ports on ATS ships text from one or more likely, anchored in a Harbor M3 bridge... 6 ], cargo ships Second World War II ships of the ship classes used World... The 1943 engineer Field Manual described a table of organization and equipment for specialized types the! Are only mentioned in the open sea or more United States using during World War.. Shippping ceased, and the War Shipping Administration made all decisions regarding and. One set of engines removed to make space for troops and supplies on. 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