... On 20 October 1914, SM U-17 sank the first merchant ship, the SS Glitra, off Norway. [2] She was capable of 12 knots (22 km/h) while surfaced and 9 knots (17 km/h) while submerged. On her 15 March 1917 trial, she was accidentally rammed by Admiral Spaun in the Fasana Channel. During World War I she sank 37 ships for a total of 145,830 tons and damaged 2 ships for a total of 2,643 tons. U Boats, Unterseeboots of the German Nazi Navy Karl Donitz, Sinking of the Lusitania off Old Kinsale Head, Ireland, U Boat 20 and Walther Schwieger, Royal Navy, US Navy, Imperial German Navy. The UB designation was used for coastal attack U-boats, while the UC designation was reserved for coastal minelaying U-boats. All torpedoes were equipped with a device allowing the … From a distance of about 700 m Schwieger noted she had four funnels and two masts making her a liner of some sort. A portion of her conning tower is on display in a military museum in Vienna. Das Werk kit di montaggio in scala 1:72, DW72001 is a NEW tool in commercio dal 2020 | Contenuto, Anteprime, Recensioni, Storia + Mercato | Submarine Type U9-class | EAN: 4260191520602 U-20 was just over 127 feet (39 m) long and was armed with two bow torpedo tubes, a deck gun, and a machine gun. The double-hulled U-Boat was 57.38 m long, 6.00 m wide, had a draft of 3.13 m and a displacement of 493 tons above and 611 tons underwater. signed in draft Jürst : … * Georg Peters sailed on the following U-boats during WWI: SM U-25, SM U-52 and SM U-96. The design for U-20 was based on that of the submarines of the Royal Danish Navy's Havmanden class (which had been designed by Whitehead & Co. in Fiume), and was largely obsolete by the beginning of the war. If you like good stories of WW1 U-boats try and get a copy of the book Raiders of the Deep by Lowell Thomas. SM U-20 or U-XX was the lead boat of the U-20 class of submarines or U-boats built for and operated by the Austro-Hungarian Navy (German language: Kaiserliche und Königliche Kriegsmarine or K.u.K. xx.11: War Lightship A of the Jade: 300 meters abeam to starboard. … Although there is no specific notation of a range for U-20, the Havmanden class, upon which the U-20 class was based, had a range of 1,400 nautical miles (2,600 km) at 10 knots (19 km/h), surfaced, and 23 nautical miles (43 km) at 8 knots (15 km/h) submerged. All Rights Reserved. U-boats. Originally published in 1928 it was re-released a couple years back. It was 210 feet long, about 20 feet wide and 23 feet from top to bottom. 7 Feb 2008.The 3 boats, U-19, U-20 and U-23, scuttled in September 1944 off the Turkish coast have been located.They are reported to be in excellent condition. This group numbered eight boats and, again, two were lost - though only one during the war itself. Thomas talked to some of the best U-boat commanders, including von Arnauld … 091 gamma IV : 11.00 - 12.20 pm : Several fishing cutters in sight. SM U-20 or U-XX was the lead boat of the U-20 class of submarines or U-boats built for and operated by the Austro-Hungarian Navy (German: Kaiserliche und Königliche Kriegsmarine or K.u.K. [4][Note 1] Like all of her sister boats,[7] U-20 had no wartime successes. The U designation was generally reserved for ocean-going attack torpedo U-boats. A day later, U-20 was spotted by the Italian submarine F-12, which was on patrol in the northern Adriatic. She was commissioned on 5 August 1913. U-9 was launched on February 22th, 1910 and commissioned on April 18th of that year. It ended up being the second most successful U-boat participating in the war, sinking 157 ships for a total of 404,478 tons. At a range of 650 yards (590 m), F-12 torpedoed U-20 at position .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}45°29′N 13°05′E / 45.483°N 13.083°E / 45.483; 13.083 (SM U-20), sinking her with all hands. Italian salvage crews raised the boat's rear portion on 22 July and her front section on 21 November. | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | Sitemap. World War I (1914-18) At the start of World War I, the German navy had 48 submarines, but … For example, the U-Boat mentioned earlier whose crew were massacred by the British in 1915 – SM U-27 – counted four torpedo tubes and one 88 mm L/30 deck gun. The 45 cm torpedoes were used only by the U-boats SM U 1 to U 18, SM U-66 to U-70, SM UB 1 to UB 17. Its longest-serving captain was Kptlt. For propulsion, she featured a single propeller shaft, a single 450 bhp (340 kW) diesel engine for surface running, and a single 160 shp (120 kW) electric motor for submerged travel. On 13 May 2007, a 90minutes British-German TV Co-Production with prominent actors was shown to the public, which presented through a movie the events around the sinking of the 31,000 GRT British passenger liner Lusitania by the U-Boat U 20 of the Imperial German Navy on 07 May 1915 off the Irish southern coast. SM U9 (Seiner Majestät U-Boot) was a petroleum-electric submarine of the German Imperial Navy of WW1. U-Boat is the abbreviation for "undersea boat". [7] The remains of the crewmen were buried on the grounds of the Theresian Military Academy at Wiener Neustadt. SM U9 (Seiner Majestät U-Boot) was a petroleum-electric submarine of the German Imperial Navy of WW1. It could dive to a maximum of 50 m in about 50–90 seconds. U 480 was the first Kriegsmarine U-boat with a special outer hull coating of the “Alberich” project, which in August 1944 was sent to the front and which achieved the sinking of 2 warships and 2 merchant vessels between 21st and 25 August 1944 in the English Channel, without being detected at all. [6], U-20 was armed with two 45 cm (17.7 in) torpedo tubes located in the front and carried a complement of two torpedoes. The failed U-20-class was itself succeeded by the wartime U-27-class based on a German design. The SM U-19: This U-boat changed the engine design for submarines. Headed for the Ems via Point 14. Smart News Keeping you current Wreck of Nazi Germany’s Most Advanced U-Boat Discovered Sunk in 1945, U-3523, a Type XXI sub, may have been attempting to smuggle high-ranking Nazis to Argentina The U-20 itself was grounded west of Jutland in November 1916 and was obliged to request assistance. This boat is a dive site. [5], In mid 1962, the wreck of U-20 was discovered in the northern Adriatic. Entered the mined area. good : xx.18 - xx.49 pm: Borkum Roadstead: Trim test, then anchored. NEbyE 3, Sea 2, Clear, Vis. During World War I, she took part in operations around the British Isles. It had a crew of 35 and a top speed of 19 mph surfaced, and 11 mph submerged and had a somewhat impressive range (surfaced) of over nine and a half thousand miles – not bad for the early twentieth century. On 7 May 1915, U-20 was patrolling off the southern coast of Ireland under the command of Kapitänleutnant Walther Schwieger. She was also equipped with a 66 mm (2.6 in) deck gun and an 8 mm (0.31 in) machine gun. It could dive to a maximum of 50 m in about 50–90 seconds. Germany built 360 U-boats during the First World War, which destroyed more than 11,000,000 tons of Allied shipping. This group numbered eight boats and, again, two were lost - though only one during the war itself. Walther Forstmann, who was awarded the Pour le Mérite during command on U-39. The failed U-20-class was itself succeeded by the wartime U-27-class based on a German design. [7] Due to demands by the Hungarian government,[1] subcontracts for the class were divided between Hungarian and Austrian firms,[2] but this politically expedient solution worsened technical problems with the design and resulted in numerous modifications and delays for the class in general. The SM-U20 was a type U-19 submarine. He recognised … The double-hulled U-Boat was 57.38 m long, 6.00 m wide, had a draft of 3.13 m and a displacement of 493 tons above and 611 tons underwater. 27 Dec 2009.The U-20 was dived on and photographed by Mr. Taner Aksoy. She was launched on 18 December 1912, and commissioned on 5 August 1913. At about 1:40 pm Schwieger saw a vessel approaching through his periscope. Kriegsmarine) during the First World War. SM U-20 was a German Type U 19 U-boat built for service in the Imperial German Navy. 20.05.17: Wilhelmshaven : xx.40 am: Torpedo Yard: Cast off for cruise to Emden. Your email address will not be published. Following experiments with U-boats U-1 to U-4 (chiefly in surface speed, paraffin-burning and diesel engines coupled with electric motors), the design for a 500-ton boat with a surface speed of 14.5 knots (U-1 managed 10.6 knots) was submitted by Germaniawerft (GW) in February 1908 with naval contracts to follow for the construction of U-boats U-5 to U-8 in April. ... On 20 October 1914, SM U-17 sank the first merchant ship, the SS Glitra, off Norway. She was 127 feet 2 inches (38.76 m) long with a beam of 13 feet (4.0 m) and a draft of 9 feet (2.7 m). All torpedoes were equipped with a device allowing the … She was launched on 18 December 1912, and commissioned on 5 August 1913. For example, the U-Boat mentioned earlier whose crew were massacred by the British in 1915 – SM U-27 – counted four torpedo tubes and one 88 mm L/30 deck gun. [9] The Austro-Hungarian Navy unenthusiastically placed orders for U-20 and her three sister boats on 27 March 1915. Germany built several different classes and types of U-Boats during World War 1 varying in length, speed, and crew capacity; the typical one was over 200 feet long, carried 10 to 20 torpedoes, could stay submerged for about 2 hours at a time, and had a crew of between 30 and 60 sailors. Over the next three months, the U-boat patrolled in the northern Adriatic between the Tagliamento estuary and Venice. The abbreviation in German is U-boot for Unterseeboot. [2], U-20 was laid down on 29 September 1915,[3] six months after she was ordered,[1] and was launched on 18 September 1916. She was commissioned into the German Imperial Navy on 10 February 1916 as SM UB-20.The submarine sank 13 ships in 15 patrols for a total of 10,230 gross register tons (GRT). [3], After initially operating out of Pola, U-20 was transferred to Trieste in February 1918. SM U-20 was a German Type U 19 U-boat built for service in the Imperial German Navy. The SM-U20 was built by Kaiserliche Werft Marine in Danzig and launched in 1912. Three months earlier, on 4 February, the Germans had established a U-boat blockadearound Great Britain and Ireland and had declared any vessel in it a legitimate target. The wreck of U-20 was located in 1962 and salvaged. Unlike many other U-boats, which during their service lost men due to accidents and various other causes, U-6 did not suffer any casualties (we know of) until the time of her loss. Men lost from U-boats. SM U-20 or U-XX was the lead boat of the U-20 class of submarines or U-boats built for and operated by the Austro-Hungarian Navy (German language: Kaiserliche und Königliche Kriegsmarine or K.u.K. SM U-39 was a German Type U 31 U-boat which operated in the Mediterranean Sea during World War I. [7], U-20 was a coastal submarine that displaced 173 tonnes (191 short tons) surfaced and 210 tonnes (231 short tons) submerged and was designed for a complement of 18. The 45 cm torpedoes were used only by the U-boats SM U 1 to U 18, SM U-66 to U-70, SM UB 1 to UB 17. SM UB-20 was a German Type UB II submarine or U-boat in the German Imperial Navy (German: Kaiserliche Marine) during World War I.The U-boat was ordered on 30 April 1915 and launched on 26 September 1915. [1], U-20 was one of two boats of the class to be built at the Pola Navy Yard. F-12 initially pursued U-20 underwater, and then on the surface. U-boats designed primarily for deep water service were designated with a U prefix and numbered up to 167. During World War I, she took part in operations around the British Isles. On 3 July, Linienschiffsleutnant Ludwig Müller sailed U-20 out from Trieste for the Gulf of Venice. For years, German submarines U-19, U-20, and U-23 were a terrifying presence beneath the waves, preying on British and Russian shipping. The SM U-20 was a German U-19 Type submarine built for the Kaiserliche Marine. During World War I, she took part in operations around the British Isles. WWI German U-Boat SM U9: Number: DW72001: Scale: 1:72 : Type: Full kit : Status: Future 2020 | Initial release - new tool: Barcode: 4260191520602 (EAN) Packaging: Rigid box (Top opener) Topic: Submarine Type U9-class » Submarines (Ships) After seven months of reconstruction, U-20 was commissioned into the Austro-Hungarian Navy on 20 October. U-20 had no wartime successes and was sunk in early July 1918 by the Italian submarine F-12. Test dive, vents for over deck tank V were stuck in the closed position, were wedged open. The Sinking of the Lusitania and a Refusal to Obey an Order on Board SM U 20. U Boats, Unterseeboots of the German Nazi Navy Karl Donitz, Sinking of the Lusitania off Old Kinsale Head, Ireland, U Boat 20 and Walther Schwieger, Royal Navy, US Navy, Imperial German Navy. [10], https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=SM_U-20_(Austria-Hungary)&oldid=985835567, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, sunk by Italian submarine F-12, 4 July 1918, raised and partially scrapped in 1962, remaining parts donated to museum, Klemens Ritter von Bezard (May 1916 – April 1917), Franz Rzemenowsky von Trautenegg (July – November 1917), Hermann Rigele (November 1917 – March 1918), 1,400 nautical miles (2,600 km) at 10 knots (19 km/h) surfaced, 23 nautical miles (43 km) at 8 knots (15 km/h) submerged, This page was last edited on 28 October 2020, at 06:49. Type U 1. [2], Upon completion, U-20 began diving trials. Met "U-46", gave instructions for steering in the Ems, position report. On May 7, 1915, SM U-20 sank the liner RMS Lusitania off the West of Ireland.The sinking claimed 1,198 lives, 128 of them American civilians and was an important factor in the USA's decision to join the Allied cause. On 5th September 1914, the U-boat SM U 21, which was considered unpromising initially, sank the British light cruiser HMS Pathfinder. Given the U-boat's reputation the call was answered by the German provision not only of a salvage ship but by an accompanying warship and two battleships. SM U-1; Type U 2 It featured a crew of 31 men and four officers. When it became apparent to the Austro-Hungarian Navy that the First World War would not be a short war,[1] they moved to bolster their U-boat fleet by seizing the plans for Denmark's Havmanden class submarines,[7] which had been designed by Whitehead & Co. in Fiume, who had built three units. SM U-20 or U-XX was the lead boat of the U-20 class of submarines or U-boats built for and operated by the Austro-Hungarian Navy (German: Kaiserliche und Königliche Kriegsmarine or K.u.K. U-20 had an encounter with an enemy submarine on 7 April but was not able to successfully launch an attack. It could achieve speeds of … During the time it operated though, the U-28 sank forty ships, damaged two more and captured another two as prizes. The collision with the Austro-Hungarian light cruiser twisted U-20's periscope, extensively damaged the conning tower, and knocked off her deck gun. One of these submarines, the SM U-28, was a Type U 27 class (of which only four were developed) that had a fairly successful career, beginning in August 30th, 1913 when it was launched to September 2nd, 1917 when it was finally sank. SM U-9 was the lead boat of her class, serving in the Imperial German Navy (Kaiserliche Marine), and was constructed by KaiserlicheWerft at the Danzig port in Germany. SM U-20 was a German Type U 19 U-boat built for service in the Imperial German Navy. [3] [4] The conning tower and a small midships section of U-20 were donated to the Heeresgeschichtliches Museum in Vienna, where they are on display, while the rest of the boat was scrapped. 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