The Illustrated Directory of Tanks of the World. The United States readily retired the M60 after Operation Desert Storm, with the last units being retired from active service in 1997. Some countries, such as Taiwan and Jordan, have sought to modernize the M60 as a frontline main battle tank. The M60 mounted a 105 mm M68 main gun with the bore evacuator mounted towards the middle of the tube carrying 57 rounds in the clamshell shaped turret style of the M48. It was fitted with the British L7 105 mm tank … It was widely used by the US and its Cold War allies, especially those in NATO, and remains in service throughout the world today, despite having been superseded by the M1 Abrams in the US military. Myatt said,[129] "During the first day of combat operations 1st Platoon, D Company, 3rd Tank Battalion destroyed 15 Iraqi tanks". Navato, CA: Presidio Press, 1984 p.632, Sabot Publications, M60A2 Main Battle Tank in Detail, Volume 2, TM 9-2350-232-20-2 Organizational Maintenance Manual for Turret, Elevating and Traversing Systems,Cupola, Gun/Launcher, and Mount Used on Tank, Combat, Full-Tracked, 152-MM Gun/Launcher M60A2 (2350-00-930-3590) 15 Feb 75, Sabot Publications, M60A2 Main Battle Tank in Detail, Volume, U.S. Marines in the Persian Gulf, 1990-1991 With the 1st U.S. Marine Division in Desert Shield and Desert Storm Cureton P.94, U.S. Marines in the Persian Gulf, 1990-1991 With the 1st U.S. Marine Division in Desert Shield and Desert Storm Cureton P.94,95. The M60A1(RISE) Passive featured the implementation of all previous updates plus Kevlar spall liners for the turret, AN/VVS-2 passive night vision block for the driver, a deep water fording kit, the capability to mount Explosive Reactive Armor (ERA)[70][62] and the AVDS-1790-2D RISE engine with CD-850-6A transmission and a Vehicle Engine Exhaust Smoke System (VEESS) that visually obscured the area around the vehicle. It weighs 58 tons with a crew of four. [20] This new tank design incorporated many Army Combat Vehicle (ARCOVE) committee improvements to the M48, chiefly the use of diesel engines to increase its operational range and the use of a more powerful main gun. The procurement of M60A3 and M60A3 TTS tanks for the Army concluded and hull production ceased in May 1983[55] with a total of 1,052 M60A3 and TTS tanks built as new vehicles. It was equipped with a staggering M68 105mm main gun. However, repaired panel castings suffered a loss of kinetic energy protection. Over the period of M60A1 tank production, several essential engineering changes were incorporated. The new light and fast M113 armored personnel carriers proved to be vastly superior to the heavier obsolete vehicles they replaced. Following the end of both the Cold War and Operation Desert Storm, FORSCOM withdrew the M60 tank series from combat use and superseded it with the M1A1 Abrams for both the Army and Marine Corps. The MGM-51A was stabilized by flip-out fins, and controlled by hot gas jet reaction controls. In the early 1980s, as the U.S. Army was distracted with the deployment of the brand-new Abrams tank, development of the M60 shifted to Israel. In the early 1960s it was generally accepted that the maximum effective range of the M68 gun was between 1800 and 2000 meters. The first generation consists of the medium tanks designed and produced directly after World War II that were later redefined as main battle tanks. Tank Data, vol. The 1982 Israeli invasion of Lebanon saw IDF M60s roll out with a number of improvements, including one of the earliest examples of explosive reactive armor, a 60-millimeter mortar for nighttime battlefield illumination, and a second machine gun for suppressing enemy antitank missile teams. Both M60 and M60A1s were sent to Israel to arm the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF), and were designated Magach 6 and 7, respectively. A descendant of Korean War-era tanks, the M60 was an example of how incremental advances in military technology could progressively better fighting machines. The interior layout, based on the design of the M26/46/47/M48, provided ample room for updates and improvements, extending the vehicle's service life for over four decades. [34], Composite applique armor panels made with fused silica glass was intended to be fitted to the hull. M60A1s with this upgrade were designated as the M60A1(AOS). [59] The first proof of concept attempt to mate a modified M60 hull with the T95E7 turret took place in March 1960. Pilot 1 was sent for evaluation at the Eglin Air Force Base climatic hangar, while Pilot 2 was tested at the Yuma Test Station,[61] and Pilot 3 underwent field trials at Fort Knox. The M60 Patton is an American second generation main battle tank (MBT) introduced in December 1960. Going into Desert Shield, the marines main battle tank was the M-60A1. The T254E2 gun was chosen to be the main weapon of the tank in August 1958 being standardized as the M68 105mm gun. The M3 and M5 Stuart light tanks that predated the M24 were notoriously under-equipped, so the potent lightweight 75 mm (2.95 in) main gun on the M24 was designed to pack a punch never before seen in a light tank. This T9 cupola provided the commander with more headroom than the T6 cupola of the T95 tank, carrying a new short receiver M85/T175 .50 caliber machine gun[38] and it was standardized as the Cupola, Tank Commander's Caliber .50 Machine Gun, M19. This was the 7.62mm M73/T197E2 which replaced the .30 caliber M37 used on the M48A2. During Desert Storm, U.S. Marine M60s fought against Soviet-built Iraqi tanks, destroying over 100 with the loss of only one M60. [55] During 1978 kits for the mounting of the M239 smoke grenade launchers and the mounting of the M240 as the coaxial machine gun was fielded. Four M226 smoke grenade launchers were mounted on each side of the turret bustle. The M60 became the Army's primary tank during the Cold War. The prototype was shown at the IDEF Exhibition held in Turkey in October 2001. Additional space for the turret crew was also made available by using the M140 mount thus moving the cannon 5 inches forward. The earlier version, sometimes referred to as the M60A3 Passive,[55] uses the same passive gunner's sight as the A1 RISE Passive and the latest version has a Tank Thermal Sight (TTS). This necessitated a turret redesign to accommodate the new gun which increased the internal volume of the turret while giving it a lower profile. 1/35 Workable Metal T97 Track Integrated Link Set for U.S. M48 M60 Tank Model Kit. Foss, Christopher F., ed. Initially two Type A turrets were built in 1964. [143], "M60 Patton" redirects here. Following customer feedback, detailed engineering work was carried out and in December GDLS decided to build a functional prototype. By May 1957 it became clear that the T95 Medium Tank would not have a significant advantage over the M48A2. Some M48A5s were retrofitted with the M19 cupola to maintain training levels of National Guard units. When the Soviet Union got the T-54 tank, the United States decided to upgrade the M48 Patton tank. The M3 and M5 Stuart light tanks that predated the M24 were notoriously under-equipped, so the potent lightweight 75 mm (2.95 in) main gun on the M24 was designed to pack a punch never before seen in a light tank. The first prototype hulls did not have shock absorbers and were briefly named M68 in late 1958 before the Ordnance Department renamed it the M60 in March 1959. [40] This hull version was used only on the original M60 variant and early M728s and M60AVLBs. These were exemplified by the M47 and M48 Pattons armed with a 90mm main gun already in widespread US service. The M60A1 tank Hull/Turret PIP Update Kit includes those items that could not be readily identified with basic major product improvements and to incorporate essential engineering changes that had occurred during M60A1 tank production. 2. 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