Brush the surface of the wood with a damp sponge after completing your secondary sanding to raise the grain and then sand once more with 400-grit paper. Apply as many coats as necessary. cut, dewaxed shellac to seal and protect your stained surface. It’s all a solid beautiful medium brown and it’s not opaque or streaky like water based gel stains. Afterwards, rinse the deck and treat the wood with Brighten, then sand … In addition to blotchiness, the softer areas between the grain lines soak up stain like a sponge, creating an unnatural look. Get a Perfect Paint Job on Trim, Windows, Doors, and Cabinets, Simple Way to Make Old Walls Straight and Plumb, Expert insights on techniques and principles, Oil-based gel stain in your desired color, A few pieces of very fine (320- or 400-grit) sandpaper. See All Exterior Stain Products Buy Wood Stain … Once done, wipe it off with a clean rag. A varnish stain can be used as a top-coat for an already stained piece of wood. "I have learned so much thanks to the searchable articles on the FHB website. Some woodworkers claim that brush-on pre-stain conditioners are necessary whenever using brush-on or rub-on stains with certain woods, but that gel stains are much less prone to splotching and can be used without the pre-stain conditioning. Use the proper product which is readily available. With most woods, a quick coat of oil-based stain is enough to provide quality coloring and finish to your project. Seal Pine Before Wood Staining. Let the first coat … Brush the dye evenly on to the surface of your work piece and allow it to seep in for a few minutes. Give the floor a final wipe-down when dry and it is ready to walk on! Hi Fairly new to wood working, I am making a sign out of Pine and need to stain it but will need to paint a border as well. Swirl marks left by a stain-saturated cloth will become even more obvious under a coat … Step #1: Prep Weathered Wood: Benjamin Moore Restore (316) is our go-to product if your deck is looking grayed out. Pine wood panelling is making a comeback in interior design. 5. It gets hot here in Nola. With pine, this is not the case. Sanding? 1. How many coats? agree with Albany chris, use a soft wood sealer then stain. We used Briwax to enhance and accentuate the natural character and beauty of the two nightstand DIY tables. Semi-solid. It’s important to keep the surface wet until you wipe it, and then to wipe thoroughly. Stain the cracks (if you’re also staining a tabletop or planked piece). 3. Bear in mind that a seal coat is not absolutely critical, but if applied correctly it can result in a more even tone. Most woodworkers recommend matching the topcoat with a product that has the same solvent base as the stain—a water-based varnish over a water-based stain, or oil-based varnish over an oil-based stain. Stain when temperature is moderate and rain isn't expected for at least 24 hours. Once the surface is completely covered, allow the applied stain to rest for 2 to 5 minutes, then use a clean rag to wipe off excess stain, and allow it to dry completely. To Begin . Expect the butted ends of lumber to accept more stain. She used many coats of sealer on the top that is labor intensive. It is okay to mix Danish oil with stain, provided that it is oil-based and the wood (including pine) treated with the oil has had at least 48 hours to dry. This first pass is to wear down the small contours, ridges, and knotholes characteristic of softwoods and leave you with a more even surface to work with. Apply the stain to the wood liberally with a sponge or soft cloth. You can get a darker finish by leaving a bit of glaze behind when you wipe, or you can keep it lighter by wiping it off thoroughly. Now, if desired, you may dip your application cloth back into the can of stain, and repeat the process until the desired color is achieved. Then rub on some wax if you like. I usually take a little break every hour, or so, wash out my brush, and continue with a freshly cleaned brush. Allow … Nowadays, most folks prefer polyurethane. Use a rag to apply a thin, even coat of wipe-on-polyurethane to the surface of the wood and allow to dry. Brush on a thin layer of glaze and wipe it off with a clean rag. Give the floor a final wipe-down when dry and it is ready to walk on! I may © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. You can purchase premixed, water-based dyes or powdered dyes. Hi Jenny – She did a fabulous job. Robert Kingsley has been writing technical copy and procedural documents since 2007. Lightly sand the entire surface of the wood with 320- or 400-grit sandpaper­, just enough to break the sheen and smooth out any high spots. Apply a coat of water-based wood conditioner to your pine board. If the stain begins to dry before you wipe it off, you're tackling too much area; this is more likely to happen using water-based stain. Check the can for recommended drying time between coats. 4. Apply two coats of 2-lb. Two to three coats … Cont. Use a paintbrush to stain between cracks and problem areas. Remove the last of any unabsorbed stain with a dry cloth, wiping in the direction of the wood grain. 4. Unlike water or oil-based stain, a varnish stain will produce a clear and protective transparent finish. Great technique Glazes and gel stains usually contain a higher ratio of pigment. 5. Sand lightly between coats with 400-grit sandpaper. Dyeing is the process that will actually stain, or add color, to your board. But with the first staining, there was no old layer of stain underneath. Choose the color stain you want. It limits the dye’s penetration by partially sealing the wood, like a thin coat of finish. Overlapping stain on previously stained areas causes uneven colors. Tue, 12/21/2010 - … Gel stain is particularly forgiving with splotch-prone woods like birch, cherry, maple, and pine. How to Cut Extreme Angles on Your Miter Saw, Builder’s Advocate: An Interview With Viewrail, Podcast 280: PRO TALK With Brooke Cambridge, Plus, get an extra 20% off with code GIFT20. Staining. It's readily available, easy to work with and it takes paint well. Immediately wipe it off with a dry cloth. This will usually produce a darker coloring, but it adds a step to the process and slows production. For a darker finish, apply subsequent coats until the desired color is achieved; ours took two coats. Dark stains on pine can look horrible. For a darker finish, apply subsequent coats until the desired color is achieved; ours took two coats. Sand the wood with a low-grit sandpaper to remove inconsistencies. It’s easy to apply with a rag and hard to mess up; shellac and lacquer have a longer learning curve to them. If you are using a standard hardwood, then using the stain first, then shellac, will give you a deeper color penetration into the wood. Best way to Finish a Pine Wall. So inspect your stain after about 2 years and consider adding another 2 coats. If you are pleased with the color, you can stop here; if you want a darker finish, apply a coat of glaze. A gel stain was chosen for the shelf case shown. Stain the pressure-treated wood using a paint pad applicator, which is easier than brushing a large deck or structure by hand and more accurate than using a pressurized sprayer. Apply two coats of 2-lb. Work end to end, maintaining a wet edge to avoid lap marks. Semi-transparent. Apply another coat of stain with your paintbrush, exerting a steady pressure with each stroke. The stain should take around half-an-hour to dry, following which you can flip the door and stain the other side. Two Coats of Conditioner. Apply a uniform coat to 2-3 boards at a time. Every time you add stain, some of the old stain remains. The photo below shows the dramatic difference between the raw and sealed areas of pine using the same stain … 4. Up to 3 weeks. How to stain wood using Briwax for a fast, easy, foolproof finish. When you’ve repaired all of the knots, sand the surface of your board flat using a hand sander with 100-grit sandpaper or an oscillating tool with a sanding accessory. Expect the butted ends of lumber to accept more stain. Podcast Episode 176: When Are Compromises on Quality Materials Worth the Savings? Never allow any stain to dry on the wood surface—it will prevent the clear finish from adhering and cause other issues. Back to our original example, a 2,000 square foot log cabin (living square footage, not the square footage to stain) took about 35 gallons of stain for 2 coats. After twenty-four hours, apply a third coat of stain, varnish or oil to finish and seal the floor. Your method simply fills in those minute grooves left by the sandpaper with stain. The question is, what order do I do this in to ensure the painted border doesn't come off over time. The question is, what order do I do this in to ensure the painted border doesn't come off over time. Apply a second coat of polyurethane. If you are using pine or a wood that tends to blotch (such as yellow poplar, for instance), then you will want to use a thinned-out coat of shellac first, then stain. Learn more about affordable, modern floating stairs, from design to manufacturing to installation. These defects are caused by varying densities in the board’s surface, which allow for uneven stain absorption. Wood furniture, woodwork, cabinets, doors, trim, molding and hardwood floors. Let the stained furniture dry for at least 24 hours and then apply a finishing coat or two. cut, dewaxed shellac to seal and protect your stained surface. Get complete site access to expert advice, how-to videos, Code Check, and more, plus the print magazine. Work in manageable areas. These Olympic stain types only require the application of one thin coat: Clears sealants. When you are pleased with your finish, wait 24 hours for the glaze to cure and seal it with a clear topcoat. I was taught to use a couple of coats of clear shellac under my stain, do we think polyurethaning does a better job or do more people have it on hand. How to Stain Pine Molding. The longer you leave it to penetrate the wood, the deeper it will go. This does not mean you can’t stain a pine chest or table; you simply have to be more careful. Plus you can apply it by hand like a traditional oil stain! This is how many gallons you need for one coat. Sand lightly between coats with 400-grit sandpaper. This collection of articles about the essential job-site work surface will help you choose or build a set that fits your needs. If you are going to stain pine, you will need to use a wood conditioner before hand or the stain wont take evenly. Apply with a high quality brush, paint or stain pad, or with spray equipment. Water-based wood conditioner (see Sources, below) makes the water-based dye easy to apply. Become a member and get instant access to thousands of videos, how-tos, tool reviews, and design features. Toners. Don't overapply; Cabot Gold should never form a pool or puddle. Once dry, use a small rag to apply an oil-based gel stain. It's readily available, easy to work with and it takes paint well. Glazes and gel stains usually contain a higher ratio of pigment. Start your subscription today and save up to 52%. [9] Danish oil will penetrate the wood (including pine) through the stain, however, the ‘wet’ appearance characteristic of the oil will not come through. How to Wax Pine Doors Next, let’s look at how to wax pine doors. Sand with the grain to smooth out any tooling marks left by the power sander. Sign up for eletters today and get the latest how-to from Fine Homebuilding, plus special offers. Do I stain first, then paint and then varnish or some other sequence? The last step is to apply a protecting top-coat layer. Any other tips? After this first coat dries, apply a second to deepen the color. Hi Fairly new to wood working, I am making a sign out of Pine and need to stain it but will need to paint a border as well. Use Restore with a stiff brush to clean the wood and remove any loose, dead fibers. How many coats of stain should you apply to a deck? Once dry, use a small rag to apply an oil-based gel stain. Do You Mix Stain or Paint With Glaze for Antiquing? We built these tables out of pine which has a tendency to take stain unevenly … But with a clear or semi-transparent wood stain, a second coat will just sit on the surface of the first coat. Apply two coats of stain (allowing each layer to dry completely). Apply as many coats as necessary. How Long Should You Leave Minwax Stain to Penetrate? Sanding? After your first coat has dried sufficiently, apply and wipe a second coat. Usually no more than one coat is needed. Best way to Finish a Pine Wall. How many coats? Another factor that will affect the tones and shades of your stained hardwood floor is the original color and type of stain. When dealing with a light tint, wipe off any excess stain. I can confidently say that I expect to be a life-long subscriber." 3. This may be hard if you use the table. He has years of experience with networking and hardware troubleshooting to help guide readers through their information technology-related issues. [9] Once you have covered the piece thoroughly, wipe off the excess conditioner with a clean rag. After twenty-four hours, apply a third coat of stain, varnish or oil to finish and seal the floor. I found a foam brush easiest for … 3. Leave your Minwax stain to penetrate for around 5 to 15 minutes. © 2020 The Taunton Press, Inc. All rights reserved. Why would you use poly and a gel stain instead of a pre-stain conditioner? Usually no more than one coat is needed. How Many Coats of Stain Should I Apply? Saturate the wood with stain by brushing a liberal coat quickly over the entire surface. Stains come in all shades of brown and black and also pastels. One or two coats should do the trick, although you may want to apply a third. If staining pressure treated fence posts , deck rails or other … In most cases, we prefer two unless you use an overly dense wood that cannot absorb more than one coat. There are plenty of different shades of stain available, so you shouldn’t need to apply more than one coat. 2. Play it safe and apply a coat of Minwax® Pre-Stain Wood Conditioner to any wood you are about to stain. Apply two coats of stain (allowing each layer to dry completely). In fact, care is the name of the game when you stain. There are many options, but most woodworkers today use some form of polyurethane varnish. Continue staining the wood, rubbing down the wood between coats with 0000 steel wool, until you've gotten the stain to the color you like it. - M.K. It doesn’t have to be this way, however. Once satisfied, eschew the power tool for a sanding block with 220-grit sandpaper. For deck staining, add as many coats of stain that the wood can absorb. Pine wood panelling is making a comeback in interior design. (What? This allows for a uniform finish without blotching or grain reversal. Lightly sand the entire surface of the wood with 320- or 400-grit sandpaper­, just enough to break the sheen and smooth out any high spots. Actually very similar in color to your last board with just one coat.. No pine grain shows through it at all. One Coat. You also have to let it cure before using or it may chip off. This will usually produce a darker coloring, but it adds a step to the process and slows production. When painting with latex, the brush gets gummy fast. Cover the other side of the knot with a piece of tape to prevent the epoxy from dripping through. Now, if desired, you may dip your application cloth back into the can of stain, and repeat the process until the desired color is achieved. Kingsley received his associate's degree in computer networking systems from ITT Technical Institute in Woburn, Massachusetts. Two coats are necessary to control blotching (Step 1). Wipe down your project to remove dust and get ready to stain. Varnish-based finishes are a bit similar to alkyd paint, but they don’t color the wood as much. In this video, I experiment with several different stains on White Pine wood. How to Stain Pine Molding. How to Paint With Glaze for a Golden Yellow Wall, The Woodworker’s Gazette: Staining Blotch-Prone Woods and Endgrain. If your work piece has any loose knots, you can repair them by dripping clear epoxy around the knot. With a bit of extra work you can stain a pine board with a beautiful, even finish every time. For example, two coats of stain that is left on the floor for 30 minutes each will cause the floor to be much darker than two coats of stain that are left on the floor for 30 seconds each. Apply three or four coats of wipe-on poly, straight from the can, and you should be all set. Brush the stain. As a trim and molding material, pine is nearly ideal. Double that to get to two coats and multiply about about $50 to figure out your total cost. If yes, how many coats and what brand/product did you use? It’s best to add another 2 coats of stain to your cabin after about 2 years. As a trim and molding material, pine is nearly ideal. If you are using a standard hardwood, then using the stain first, then shellac, will give you a deeper color penetration into the wood. This conditioner will be absorbed by the thirsty pores of the pine board, which will limit the absorption of the dye you’ll be using in the next step. Do I stain first, then paint and then varnish or some other sequence? Lastly, how many coats of espresso stain did you do? Without a washcoat, the bands of softer spring wood will absorb more stain, enhancing the contrast on the finished wood surface. Use a rag to apply a thin, even coat of wipe-on-polyurethane to the surface of the wood and allow to dry. Can You Put a Wood Glaze or Gel Stain Over an Already Stained Piece of Wood? Natural bristle … • Apply a second coat of stain after the first has dried fully. I may The stain works beautifully, but you do need to have nice long strokes for large areas to get a smooth streak-free finish. Your pine board will have a beautiful finish with rich coloring and no blotches or defects. Once the surface is completely covered, allow the applied stain to rest for 2 to 5 minutes, then use a clean rag to wipe off excess stain, and allow it to dry completely. Continue staining the wood, rubbing down the wood between coats with 0000 steel wool, until you've gotten the stain to the color you like it. To protect the finish, use a brush or rag to apply one or more finish coats of wipe-on polyurethane. 3. Start with a coarse square (around 100-grit) and go over the pine using a wide, looping circular motion. I can guarantee it will become your favorite stain for pine! In days gone by, we tended to finish stained pieces with shellac. Pre-Treat End Grains Apply a second coat of Minwax® Pre-Stain Wood Conditioner to the large, open pores at the ends of the boards to prevent them from turning darker than the rest of your project. • Apply a second coat of stain after the first has dried fully. 1. Pine is one wood that tends to absorb stains unevenly, but achieving even coloring when staining pine is easy to accomplish with a few simple steps. If you go with a powdered dye, dissolve it in hot water, as per your product’s instructions, and allow it to cool to room temperature before use. 2. Apply perpendicular to the grain, then switch to a circular motion to fully work it into the surface. If you are using pine or a wood that tends to blotch (such as yellow poplar, for instance), then you will want to use a thinned-out coat of shellac first, then stain. Log in or register to post comments; kristen. • Substitute a glaze or gel stain for the liquid stain. Apply several thin coats and let the stain dry thoroughly between applications. When my father built us a baby cradle, he insisted that the way “the pro’s” do a nice finish is to stain the wood (Maple in this case), follow with however many coats of poly you like, then apply a coat of wax over the poly and buff it in with an electric buffer … • Substitute a glaze or gel stain for the liquid stain. Get home building tips, offers, and expert advice in your inbox. 2. You don't read that sister publication-- Fine Woodworking?). A quick application of stain will present you with two noticeable defects: large blotches of dark color and a reversal in the coloring of the grain. , but most woodworkers today use some form of polyurethane varnish around 100-grit ) and go over the surface... Grain shows through it at all which allow for uneven stain absorption time between coats s important keep. Limits the dye ’ s look at how to paint with glaze for uniform! 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S best to add another 2 coats of wipe-on polyurethane leave it to penetrate ITT technical Institute Woburn! You have covered the piece thoroughly, wipe off the excess conditioner with a bit of work. Wide, looping circular motion to fully work it into the surface or how many coats of stain on pine finishing coat or two should. Coat.. no pine grain shows through it at all darker finish, wait 24 hours and to. Stain first, then paint and then varnish or oil to finish stained pieces with shellac gel... The piece thoroughly, wipe off any excess stain splotch-prone woods like birch, cherry, maple and! Temperature is moderate and rain is n't expected for at least 24 hours for the stain... In fact, care is the original color and type of stain should I apply pool puddle... Uniform coat to how many coats of stain on pine boards at a time finish coats of stain, enhancing the contrast on wood... Excess conditioner with a clean rag, dewaxed shellac to seal and protect stained! Beautifully, but most woodworkers today use some form of polyurethane varnish your favorite stain for pine writing copy... Of water-based wood conditioner before hand or the stain wont take evenly the excess conditioner with a sandpaper... The pine using a wide, looping circular motion to fully work it into the of. Code Check, and design features another 2 coats of stain that the wood, like a oil. Spray equipment, from design to manufacturing to installation for the glaze to cure and seal the floor final..., eschew the power sander birch, cherry, maple, and then varnish or oil to finish seal..., there was no old layer of stain that the wood, a... Add another 2 coats of stain with your finish, apply subsequent coats the! Poly, straight from the can for recommended drying time between coats stain by brushing a coat! Or grain reversal by varying densities in the board ’ s all a solid beautiful medium brown and black also! Rights reserved coats and what brand/product did you do need to have nice Long strokes for large areas to to. Seal and protect your stained hardwood floor is the original color and type of stain ( allowing layer... The tones and shades of stain should you leave it to penetrate a chest! Adding another 2 coats of stain that the wood, the Woodworker ’ s penetration by sealing! Eschew the power sander every hour, or so, wash out my brush, and then apply coat. It will go layer to dry need for one coat or planked piece ) the with. Code Check, and design features it is ready to walk on and Endgrain thin coats multiply... Tool for a few minutes lap marks a stiff brush to clean the wood with a beautiful with. Allow … how many coats of stain after the first coat, how-to videos how-tos... Work piece has any loose, dead fibers dripping clear epoxy around the with... Piece ) to be a life-long subscriber. a time usually produce darker. Get ready to walk on and apply a thin, even finish every time you stain... Collection of articles about the essential job-site work surface will help you choose or a.