Monitor the impact on your business. [28] However, the argument against it is that privatization and commercialization in Nigeria will be a mirage unless institutional reforms take place [29], As recent reports have shown, in addition to the many benefits there are also risks associated with the different types of traditional medicine /complementary or alternative medicine. The NHQI seeks to empower front-line health providers, regulators, policymakers and community groups to improve the quality of health care, thus improving patient safety, maternal […] The critical role of leadership Leadership has always […] The total cost of GDP from the healthcare sector in Nigeria is 4.6%. But it is a necessary endpoint for the drug sector has the country is said to lose an estimated N1.5bn ($9.2m) annually to the importation of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs). Nigeria healthcare spending for 2014 was $108, a 5.23% increase from 2013. This paper examined the contemporary issues and challenges of the Nigerian health sector. Community-based health insurance schemes, mainly targeting poor people in rural areas. Private sector organisations (like financial technology company OPay and the Jack Ma Foundation) have contributed over 80,000 masks to Nigeria, but health workers still report a huge gap in availability of PPE. However, the section on essential drugs was later amended. It also attempted to identify the effect of the issues and challenges on the Nigerian citizens' health condition. The state government is responsible for general local hospitals and providing primary healthcare centres in Nigeria. A CLOSER LOOK AT THE HEALTHCARE SYSTEM IN NIGERIA HEALTHCARE FINANCING Health expenditure: per capita (current US$) total (% of GDP) public (% of government expenditure) public (% of total health expenditure) External resources for health (% of total expenditure on health) Out-of-pocket (% of total expenditure on health) (World Bank, July 2016) NIGERIA (2014) $118 3.7% 8.2% 25.1% 6.7% … The health … Historically, health insurance in Nigeria can be applied to a few instances: free health care provided and financed for all citizens, health care provided by government through a special health insurance scheme for government employees and private firms entering contracts with private health care providers. But the journey toward manufacturing self-sufficiency by the pharmaceutical sector has been laced with hurdles and obstacles. As the era of Sustainable Development Goals is commenced and the target of 2030 begins to come into focus, the statistics are far from providing reassurance. Healthcare; Publication dates. Nigeria’s federal government has set aside ₦427 billion to finance the health sector in 2020, up from ₦365 billion in the previous year. Nigeria has better health personnel than most other African countries. Nigeria has one of the most complicated healthcare systems in the continent. The healthcare allocation is 3.5% of the GDP ($5/person/year) compared to 5% recommended by the WHO. It was during this period that the National Health Bill was signed. Inadequacy of Modern Equipment. In terms of disease burden, Nigeria has a large number of cases of widespread communicable diseases such as HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis (TB). In July 2014, the Joint UN Programme on HIV and AIDS released a study showing that new HIV infections have decreased by 35% over the past three years, due in part to the fact that the number of treatment centres offering free antiretroviral therapy expanded from just 25 in 2001 to more than 800 as at the time of the report. [26], Survey shows looming brain drain in the Nigeria’s health sector in the rising trend of emigration of healthcare personnel – physicians, pharmacists, nurses, and laboratory scientists, physiotherapists and many others have difficulty getting into paid employment. The most recent national health accounts data estimate that 68 percent of health expenditures occur in the private sector; therefore, it is imperative that facilities in both the private and public sectors … [10] The number of Nigerians covered by the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) since its establishment are 1.5 percent of the population. Drug quality is primarily controlled by the National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control. Also, the US Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) disclosed that 97% of the population is at risk for malaria and the disease accounts for more deaths in Nigeria than anywhere else in the world. At some public hospitals, patients are being asked to provide PPE before being treated or diagnosed. The ultimate aim was to ensure that adequate numbers of skilled and well-motivated health workers were available and equitably distributed through the nation in order to ensure provision of quality health services. Leadership has always been a fundamental factor in moving the Nigerian health sector, or any other sector for that matter, forward. How Covid-19 Has Impacted Nigeria's Healthcare Sector. Also, the tertiary and general hospitals tend to be overcrowded because the primary health care centres are functioning below par. National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control, "Satisfaction of Nigerian patients with health services: a protocol for systematic review", "Examining Nigeria's healthcare challenges", "Federal Medical Centre Abeokuta: A Case Study in Hospital Management pp 1", "Nigeria's new government and public financing for universal health coverage", "Health insurance: FG calls for scrapping of HMOs", "Failures of Nigerian Health Insurance Scheme: the way forward", "Top 40 Health Insurance Companies in Nigeria | GHC Nigeria", "Finding a Match, and a Mission: Helping Blacks Survive Cancer", "Cancer patients paying with their blood in Nigeria", "Nigeria Has The Highest Cancer Death Rate In Africa -WHO", "Closing the Cancer Divide Through Ubuntu: Information and Communication Technology-Powered Models for Global Radiation Oncology", "Uganda Fights Stigma and Poverty to Take On Breast Cancer", "3.6% Fake Drugs Circulation in Nigeria, Not 70%, NADFDAC Clarifies", "From Onitsha To Silicon Valley: Teen Girls' App May Save Nigerians From Fake Drugs", "84 Nigerian children dead from tainted formula", "Privatization Commercialization of Public Service Delivery: Implications for Pro-Poor Growth and Attainment of MDGs in Nigeria", "ScienceDirect.com | Science, health and medical journals, full-text articles and books", "Excessive intake of local herbs causes kidney damage-Expert", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Healthcare_in_Nigeria&oldid=993866265, Articles with disputed statements from January 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, In 1996, about 11 children died of contamination from an experimental trial of the drug. The best way to compare progress is with the UN’s Millennium Development Goals (MDG) which is in view of 2020. At the same time, the expenditure on GDP from the government`s side is 1.5%. Officials steal free medication and sell to ignorant quarters. Nigeria health care system faces notable challenges; poor healthcare infrastructures, lack or inadequate funding, and poor policymaking and implementation which leads to underinvestment in the healthcare system. This directly impacts the productivity of citizens and Nigeria’s economic growth by extension. Overall, the healthcare sector in the country has been slowly improving but the pace needs to be faster in order to life the country from the lower rung of the UN Human Development Indices ranking. The majority of mental health services is provided by 8 regional psychiatric centers and psychiatric departments and medical schools of 12 major universities. 265 pgs. The formal centres often face competition from native herbalists and faith healing centres. One of the objectives of the bill was to implement a new framework for drug distribution which will eventually reduce the sale of counterfeit and sub-standard medicine in the local market. The agency has established a Mobile Authentication Service. In 2014 that had fallen to 3.6%. [14] In cooperation with the University of Nigeria, it collects DNA swabs from people who might want to help a person with leukemia, lymphoma, or sickle cell disease to find a compatible donor for a life-saving bone marrow transplant. There are generally not enough job positions to go round. Inadequate public enlightenment In terms of disease burden, Nigeria has a large number of cases of widespread communicable diseases such as HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis (TB). Customer Support. However, considering its size and population, there are fewer health workers per unit population than are required to provide effective health services to the entire nation. This development is greatly favoured by the idea that it will increase competition and result in the lowering of unit price of health services and make such services more affordable to the poor. Fig. Addressing health challenges in Nigeria. Most of the remaining money spent by citizens on their health is spent on procuring ‘alternatives’ which cost a lot. Research was carried out in the healthcare industry of Nigeria focusing on key elements such as the regulatory environment, expenditure, medical insurance, procurement and distribution of goods. By 1998 significant increase was recorded reaching 2.5% (CBN, 2018). Several major regulatory failures have produced international scandals: Healthcare in Nigeria is influenced by different local and regional factors that impact the quality or quantity present in one location. A rapid diagnostic has revealed that the private sector is well positioned to unlock that potential and realize the synergies required for massive improvements in health outcomes. In addition to the social cost of substandard, ineffective and potentially dangerous products being sold in the open market, it is estimated that the local pharmaceuticals industry loses around N200bn ($1.2bn) annually to counterfeit medicine. The Federal government is responsible for coordinating affairs in Federal Medical Centers and University Teaching Hospitals. In this post, we take a look at the health care sector in Nigeria. Over half of Nigeria's population live on less than $1.90 a day (‘Poverty Head-count’), making them one of the poorest populations in the world. In a country like Nigeria, one of the major functions of the healthcare sector is to tackle the high incidence of both infectious and non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in the country. Of the percentage spent on health by the citizens (74.85 %), about 70% is spent as out-of-pocket expenditure to pay for access to health services in both government and private facilities. > Healthcare Industry 2020 - Nigeria Market Research & Statistics; Healthcare Industry 2020 - Nigeria Market Research & Statistics. Corruption in the health sector in Nigeria takes many forms. Healthcare . The healthcare sector in the country is primarily made up of systems and companies specialized in the production and delivery of products and services that improve the well-being of the nation from pills and medication to hearing aids devices. [23] About N29 billion worth of counterfeit drugs were destroyed between 2015 – 2017. Healthcare Sector in Nigeria: A General Overview, Common Yoruba Herbs, their English Name & Uses, Nigerian Spices and Their Nutritional & Therapeutic Benefits, Environmental Problems and Solutions in Nigeria, List of Health Agencies in Nigeria (2020), 10 Best Rehabilitation Centers in Nigeria. The program covers primary care and referral care in accredited healthcare facilities. The borderless Covid-19 pandemic, which is an equal-opportunity killer, has brought to the fore the effect of the age-long neglect of the health sector in Nigeria. Healthcare . This delineation looks good on paper, but so far, it has been characterized by budgetary leakages, overlap inefficiencies and blame passing. An average of 20,000 Nigerians travel to India each year for medical assistance due to the absence of a solid healthcare system at home. Download Historical Data Save as Image. The Health Sector’s response to COVID-19 in Nigeria has built on existing multi-sectoral efforts to address the ongoing humanitarian crisis affecting the north-eastern region. These three distinct levels are tertiary care, secondary care and primary health care. The federal government's role is mostly limited to coordinating the affairs of the university teaching hospitals, Federal Medical Centres (tertiary healthcare) while the state government manages the various general hospitals (secondary healthcare) and the local government focus on dispensaries (primary healthcare),[5] which are regulated by the federal government through the NPHCDA. This paper examined the contemporary issues and challenges of the Nigerian health sector. Healthcare professionals are underpaid despite the tons of work they do. [2] Private providers of healthcare have a visible role to play in health care delivery. While significant progress was made in the first two decades after the country’s independence in 1960, the economic downturn resulting from the plummeting of oil price of which Nigeria was dependent led to a series of twists and turns in the health sector. Corruption is a well-known malady afflicting the healthcare sector in Nigeria. Read Also: Problems of Nigeria Health Sector and Possible Solutions. However, the country has enjoyed support from international aid organizations. There are three tiers in the healthcare sector that are involved in health management in the country. In 2012, a policy mandating those civil servants receiving government medical coverage undergo treatment in Nigeria, but this is yet to be fully implemented. [7] Though small, the positive rate of per capita may be due to Nigeria's importation of food products. [30] Although consumers today have widespread access to various TM/CAM treatments and therapies, they often do not have enough information on what to check when using TM/CAM in order to avoid unnecessary harm. Nigeria healthcare sector 18 years after the Abuja declaration shows a poor funding trend in the system. The ratio of psychologists and social workers is 0.02 to 100,000.[21]. The buildings in most government owned hospitals are very poor, some don’t have adequate power and water supply which are both essential requirements particularly, for the hospitalized patients. The trip was met with criticism by some segments of the health industry, as Nigeria has over 250 ear, nose and throat specialists. It is the second largest economy and the highest producer of oil & gas in Africa. Corruption in the Nigerian health sector has many … Investment Opportunitiesin the Pharmaceutical Sector- Nigeria/Pakistan • Ghana: • Mining sector development spurred the country through much of last decade. The British NGO, Save the Children revealed that 30% of newborn deaths in Nigeria are attributable to infections. This won them a place in the Technovation Challenge 2018.[24]. The standard of healthcare in Nigeria, unfortunately, is not up to international standards, and Lagos is no exception.Public healthcare facilities in Lagos are underfunded, understaffed and underequipped. The total expenditure on healthcare as % of GDP is 4.6, while the percentage of federal government expenditure on healthcare is about 1.5%. These challenges among others in the Nigerian healthcare system contribute to failure in the healthcare system [1], Healthcare provision in Nigeria is a concurrent responsibility of the three tiers of government in the country. Additionally, the incidence of malaria is also down, with strategies employed including the subsidized distribution of antimalarials as well as the provision of insecticide-treated mosquito nets to vulnerable communities. Public health in Nigeria is run by three tiers of the government. Retaining these expensively trained professionals has been identified as an urgent goal. The state government is responsible for running general hospitals while the local government is responsible for dispensaries. [6] A long run indicator of the ability of the country to provide food sustenance and avoid malnutrition is the rate of growth of per capita food production; from 1970–1990, the rate for Nigeria was 0.25%. A team of girls from the Regina Pacis Secondary School in Onitsha devised a better technological solution, an app called the FD Detector which uses barcode technology to verify drug authenticity and expiration dates. [13], A new bone marrow donor program, the second in Africa, opened in 2012. The secondary care facilities are overseen by each of the state government of Nigeria. The regulation was also meant to limit the manufacture and import of fake or sub-standard drugs and to curtail false advertising. Private expenditure on health as a percentage of total health expenditure is 74.85%. The basic level which is the primary health care is overseen by the 774 local government areas and health care is primarily administered through dispensaries. “More investment will bridge the noticeable gap and also help in eliminating the issue of medical tourism, analysts say. A few general hospitals also provide mental health services. The year 2017 rounds up this week, and we at Nigeria Health Watch reflect on what has been a challenging year for the Nigerian health sector. 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