Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Overview Exposure refers to the presence of people, livelihood, environmental services and resources, infrastructure, or economic, social, or cultural assets in places that could be adversely affected by physical events and which, thereby, are subject to potential future harm, loss, or damage. and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate related extreme events and other economic, social, and environmental shocks and disasters” (UN 2016c). SOCIAL HAZARD. Structural damage or collapse buildings. Measures of exposure can include the number of people or types of assets in an area. High exposure and vulnerability are linked to skewed development processes, such as those associated with environmental mismanagement, rapid demographic changes, rapid and unplanned economic processes, urbanization in hazardous areas, poor governance, and the scarcity of livelihood options for the people particularly the poor (Cardona et al 2012). While the literature and common usage often mistakenly combine exposure and vulnerability, they are distinct. Blockchain + AI + Crypto Economics Are We Creating a Code Tsunami? A vulnerability is a flaw or weakness in something that leaves it open to attacks. This is a vulnerability, as unscrupulous people can easily break the window and gain entry into your home. Although both refer to exposure to danger, there is a difference between risk and vulnerability. analyze the various hazards and vulnerability factors which put communities and people in harms way. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. 10. Vulnerability module includes software tools for the development of physical vulnerability functions for each hazard and class of asset considered. This is the key difference between risk and vulnerability. Disaster Risk The losses and impacts that characterize disasters usually have much to do with the exposure and vulnerability of people and places as they do with the severity of the hazard event (UNISDR, 2013). Land use and urban planning, ecosystem management and disaster recovery – the very tools devised to deal with exposure to risks - … Vulnerability and exposure are dynamic, varying across temporal and spatial scales, and depend on economic, social, geographic, demographic, cultural, institutional, governance, and environmental factors (high confidence). Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. READINESS AND Chapter 2 ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARD. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. A risk is a situation that involves danger. experience harm due to exposure to a hazard, either a perturbation or stress/stressor” (Turner et al., 2003, p. 74). People, property, etc. Competency and science-based capacity building activities alongside the nurturing of continuous learning through knowledge development and management of good DRRM practices on the ground. 1. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Disaster risk has many characteristics. Interruption of business due to damage of building and infrastructure. assessment is the process to estimate the nature and probability of adverse health effects in humans who may be exposed to chemicals in contaminated environmental media, now or in the future.. Human health risk assessment … Various. These can be combined with the specific vulnerability and capacity of the exposed elements to any particular hazard to estimate the quantitative risks associated with that hazard in the area of interest (UNISDR, 2017). No public clipboards found for this slide. She defines vulnerability as “uncertainty, risk and emotional exposure.” Think about the vulnerability it takes to love someone – whether it’s your parents, siblings, spouse or close friends. Example: Wetlands, such as the Caroni Swamp, are sensitive to increasing salinity from sea water, and pollution from storm water runoff containing agricultural chemicals, eroded soils, etc. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. the level of vulnerability and exposure to these events (high confidence). The exposure module includes tools for localization, classification and evaluation of infrastructure potentially exposed to hazards. Are smoking, being exposed to second hand smoke, living in old toxic waste site and working with harmful chemicals. Total Disaster Risk Management - Good Practices - Chapter 1 Asian Disaster Reduction Center 6 To reduce disaster risk, it is important to reduce the level of vulnerability and to keep exposure … It is crucial for infosec managers to understand the relationships between threats and vulnerabilities so they can effectively manage the impact of a data compromise and manage IT risk. Although often used interchangeably with DRR, disaster risk management (DRM) can be thought of as the implementation of DRR, since it describes the actions that aim to achieve the objective of reducing risk. Both vulnerabilities and risks should be identified beforehand in order to avoid dangerous or … Modifiable Risk Factors of Lifestyle Diseases, Customer Code: Creating a Company Customers Love, Be A Great Product Leader (Amplify, Oct 2019), No public clipboards found for this slide. Exposure refers to people, property, systems, or other elements present in hazard zones that are thereby subject to potential losses. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Transaction, Translation and Economic Exposure. Translation exposure deals with the accounting representation and economic exposure deals with little macro level exposure which may be true for the whole industry rather than just the firm under concern. Last week, UN ESCAP/UNISDR released the Asia-Pacific Disaster Report 2012, ‘Reducing Vulnerability and Exposure to Disasters’. ECONOMIC HAZARD. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. It is founded on the principle that while hazards are inevitable, its adverse effects like lost lives and/or destruction of property are not. Environmental Vulnerability: Natural resource depletion and resource degradation are key aspects of environmental vulnerability. Disaster risk reduction (DRR) is a term used for reducing and preventing disaster risks. In section 2.1 we have introduced the following definition of hazard of the UN-ISDRas “A dangerous phenomenon, substance, human activity or condition that may cause loss of life, injury or other health impacts, property damage, loss of livelihoods and services, social and economic disruption, or environmental damage. Vulnerability • It is the characteristics and circumstances of a community, system or asset that make it susceptible to the damaging effects of a hazard • Factors of Vulnerability Demographic Factors Population Density Age of Population Distribution of Population DRR actions can be political, technical,… It's a gap in your protection. Hazard Exposure Vulnerability Disaster Risk rains, storms, etc. It may be p Vulnerable Sectors Include 1. DISASTER There are steps that we can do to ensure reduction of risks. vulnerability as exposure (conditions that make people or places vulnerable to hazard), second, vulnerability as social condition (measure of resilience to hazards), and third, ‘the integration of potential exposures and societal resilience with a specific focus on places or regions (Cutter et al., You can change your ad preferences anytime. Other examples of vulnerability include these: The policy objective of anticipating and reducing risk is called disaster risk reduction (DRR). A human health risk human health riskThe likelihood that a given exposure or series of exposures may have damaged or will damage the health of individuals. Vulnerability and risk are two terms that are related to security. Additionally, Goal 13 focuses purely on Course Outline Disaster and Disaster Risk Exposure and Vulnerability Basic Concept of Hazard Earthquake Hazard Volcanic Hazards Other Related Geological Hazard Hydrometeorological Hazard Fire Hazard Disaster Risk Reduction and Management What to … See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Exposure and Vulnerability 1. Vulnerability is the human dimension of disasters and is the result of the range of economic, social, cultural, institutional, political and psychological factors that shape people’s lives and the environment that they live in (Twigg, 2004).. economic structures, and countries with high fiscal deficits, show greater strains of vulnerability even when faced with relatively small-scale disasters. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. IPCC has provided the new 'Risk' based framework for vulnerability conceptualization in the AR 5. Exposure and Vulnerability 2. But oftentimes, organizations get their meanings confused. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Transaction exposure deals with actual foreign currency transaction. Disaster readiness and risk reduction 1. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. APIdays Paris 2019 - Innovation @ scale, APIs as Digital Factories' New Machi... Mammalian Brain Chemistry Explains Everything. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Defining Vulnerability • Vulnerability is the state of susceptibility to harm from exposure to stresses associated with environmental and social change and from the absence of capacity to adapt. Exposure and Vulnerability Chapter 2 DISASTER READINESS AND RISK REDUCTION 2. This event has a probability of occurrence within a specified period of time and within a given area, and has a given intensity.” These hazardous events may be potentially harmful to pe… For example, an exposure may allow an attacker to secretly gather customer information that could be sold. elements that may be exposed to hazards: Physical hazards. Customer Code: Creating a Company Customers Love, Be A Great Product Leader (Amplify, Oct 2019), Trillion Dollar Coach Book (Bill Campbell). Exposure and Vulnerability (DRRR) 1. The video clips are from GIZ video on "What is vulnerability and how do we adapt to climate change?" Start studying Module 2: Exposure and Vulnerability. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Foreign exchange exposure is classified into three types viz. This literature review provides an overview of the tools and methods used to measure vulnerability… Resistance against natural hazards . Threat, vulnerability and risk are terms that are inherent to cybersecurity. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Exposure is a necessary, but not sufficient, determinant of risk. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. RISK REDUCTION. Exposure and vulnerability in Disaster readiness and risk reduction subject in G11 STEM. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. In the year 2011 alone, Asia Pacific represented: 80% (US$ 294/366.1 billion) of the annual global disaster losses If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Social vulnerability and high-risk groups Unsafe conditions Economic vulnerability Failure of protective measures Community resilience Policy response and mitigation TEXT BOXES 8.1 Progression of vulnerability: Kobe earthquake 8.2 Progression of vulnerability: Gujarat Earthquake 8.3 Chronology of events during the Montserrat eruption If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. [2.2.1, 2.3, 2.5] Trends in vulnerability and exposure are major drivers of changes in disaster risk, and of impacts when risk is realized (high confidence). DISASTER READINESS AND RISK REDUCTION Senior High School S/Y 2017 - 2018 2. Vulnerability Ground zero for natural disasters lies not in the US, however, but in the Asia Pacific Region. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Exposure and Published on July 10, 2014 Of people or types of assets in an area depletion and resource degradation are key aspects of vulnerability. 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