[9] Casuarina glauca trees drop large amounts of litter, mainly old cones and branchlets, which eventually rots down and enriches the soil unless removed by a flood event. Featuring needles and cones it can be mistaken for a pine tree … Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Proceedings of the 1st International Casuarina Workshop, [ed. [9], The bark has been used to plant orchids on. Casuarina glauca trees can live to 100 to 200 years. Casuarina glauca The Cousin It Plant. [14], Understory plants recorded from swamp oak groves include Juncus kraussii, Baumea juncea and Sporobolus virginicus on sandier soils and Apium prostratum, Carex appressa, Goodenia ovata, Juncus kraussii and Phragmites australis and the vine Parsonsia straminea on clay soils. [12] Although not a legume, C. glauca, produces a hemoglobin (not a leghemoglobin) in its symbiotic root nodules. Commonly called the ‘Cousin It’ plant, this a great plant for tough conditions. Closely related to C. glauca, which has larger cones and coarser foliage (not in region). Screening. Form: Casuarina glauca - Swamp She Oak is an erect tree. Description Top of page C. glauca is a medium-sized tree 8-20 m high, often with buttressed and fluted stem; rarely a shrub to about 2 m that frequently regenerates through vigorous root suckers. The tree is medium sized growing to 15 metres bearing small male red flowers which produce small cone-shaped fruit. It is less inclined to root-sucker than C. glauca and unlike that species, to date, has not been reported as truly naturalised in Victoria. Applications: Wet, boggy and salty sites. Casuarina glauca, commonly known as the swamp she-oak, swamp oak, grey oak, or river oak,[1] is a species of Casuarina native to the east coast of Australia. The water table lies 30 cm or less under the surface. Casuarina glauca is used mainly as a windbreak, and in fuelwood woodlot plantations particularly on difficult sites. [3], Casuarina glauca is found along Australia's east coast from Yeppoon in central Queensland to Bermagui in southern New South Wales. Regenerative sites. Visit your local store for the widest range of garden products. This popular plant has a character all of its own, with fine 'hairy' strands of evergreen cascading foliage. Native landscapes. Notes. The oval cones are 9–18 mm long by 7–9 mm wide. Height: 8-20 metres. Casuarina glauca (or Swamp Oak or Grey Oak or River Oak) grows to around 15m in height, and for many years has been a popular street tree in Canberra. Outlying markers and geographically disassociated markers represent observations of the species in cultivation and/or recorded in herbaria etc. Features: Tolerance for wet and salty sites. Casuarina glauca ‘Cousin It’ A prostrate and beautifully ground hugging form of a very adaptable coastal plant. Cut stumps sprout suckers vigorously, producing groves of new trees. Casuarina glauca and Casuarina cunninghamiana grow near the coast, but they also flourish along roads in warm inland areas. 12–17 (rarely 20) teeth arise from the nodes between articles on the branchlets. [8] Hybrids with C. cunninghamiana subsp. Casuarina glauca is an evergreen Tree growing to 18 m (59ft 1in). The dense crowns of plantation- grown trees become sparse to narrow in free-growing trees (Midgley et al. [9], C. glauca is an actinorhizal plant producing root nitrogen-fixing nodules infested by Frankia. They are often called ‘native pines’ because the foliage bears a similarity to pine needles. Casuarina glauca is found along Australia's east coast from Yeppoon in central Queensland to Bermagui in southern New South Wales. Fact sheet - Casuarina glauca / Swamp Oak Author: Hornsby Shire Council Subject: Fact sheet for local native tree species, including distribution, conservation status, description and longevity. Casuarina glauca - Swamp She Oak is a medium-sized tree, that makes a very good screen. There is a regular pattern of cell layers containing flavans. A significant inconvenience in urban settings is that its roots can invade underground water and sewer pipes if these are within 15 m (50 ft) of the tree. ex Spreng is a tropical tree that belongs to the family Casuarinaceae. C. glauca can grow in difficult sites, colonize … [11] These articles are 8 to 20 mm long and 0.9–1.2 mm wide. has a very pleasing appearance with foliage consisting of small, drooping branches. The leaves themselves are reduced to tiny 'teeth' that are 0.6 to 0.9 mm long. Casuarina glauca (swamp oak) can thrive in periodically waterlogged, saline sites and in coastal areas where many other trees wouldn't survive. Merwin M L, 1990. Cluster of Casuarina glauca trees in St. Lucie County, FL. The tree is medium sized growing to 15 metres bearing small male red flowers which produce small cone-shaped fruit. [13], The rat's tail orchid (Dendrobium teretifolium) grows on the swamp oak.[9]. Casuarina cunninghamiana is, like C. glauca, grown as a garden or roadside tree and sometimes spreads. Species Overview. Casuarina glauca is a fast-growing multipurpose tree belonging to the Casuarinaceae family and native to Australia. Foliage: Long, green spiny folliage that has a dense soft appearence. Created Date: 8/19/2011 3:37:51 PM [14] The seed is eaten by the red-browed finch,[15] and peaceful dove (Geopelia placida). Melbourne, Australia: CSIRO. Branchlets spreading or drooping, to 38 cm long. [4], It tolerates waterlogged soils and even soils with some salinity. Casuarina glauca is commonly called the 'Swamp Oak' due to the wood's oak-like appearance and natural occurrence near brackish waterways. Find 140mm Cousin It - Casuarina glauca at Bunnings Warehouse. b. C. equisetifolia trees may have male and female flowering structures present depending on the time of year; cones are persistent and may be observed at almost any time. [2], Franz Sieber described the swamp oak as Casuarina glauca in 1826. 1983). The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant). It can fix Nitrogen. Casuarina cunninghamiana is also referred to as ‘river oak’. Please click here for detailed ordering information. Text from Invasive and Non-native Plants You Should Know – Recognition Cards 3 An interesting and perhaps underused native ground cover plant the prostrate form of Casuarina glauca (see picture right) is an excellent alternative to many non native plants. Swamp Oak. Casuarina glauca. Neat and cone-shaped when young, growing into a tall untidy tree. This tree then acts to turn shallows into land by preventing erosion and collecting material among its roots. COMMERCIAL NURSERY – NATIVE TREE casuarina glauca – Swamp oak, She-oak, Grey oak, River oak. Add to cart. [7] It has become highly invasive in Florida. cunninghamiana have been recorded where the two species co-occur,[7] such as at Lower Portland and Wisemans Ferry. It is in leaf all year. Long-lived. Site preference. The larvae of the she-oak moth, Pernattia pusilla, feed on C. glauca. The number of teeth and their appearance are distinctive. Related products. Casuarina glauca. Casuarina tree belongs to the family of “Casuarinaceae” and genus of 17 species. [9], Casuarina glauca grows in or near brackish water along the banks of rivers and estuaries. tendency to sucker so best not planted near infrastructure so are better suited to larger parks and gardens. Description Suckering Australian Pine, Longleaf Ironwood, Saltmarsh Ironwood, Grey Sheoak or Swamp Sheoak (Casuarina glauca) is highly invasive in many or all habitats throughout much of central and southern Florida and the Keys, from zone 9a south through zone 11. The branches have numerous drooping branchlets that are up to 38 cm long,[3] and composed of small cylindrical segments known as articles. It is hardy to zone (UK) 9. 53-54. Width:5 - 10 metres. Best in swampy soils, lining estuaries, very hardy to coastal conditions and tolerant of cold temperatures. A fantastically useful plant for difficult and wet areas, it will tolerate near-swamp conditions, and even some salinity. [3] Some stands within the Royal Botanic Gardens in Sydney predate European settlement. Preliminary results of Casuarina cunninghamiana and C. glauca … [9] Populations along the New South Wales coastline are at risk due to clearing of habitat for development. Low maintenance. Bark hard, grey or grey-brown, finely fissured and scaly, with a tessellated appearance. I discovered Casuarina glauca ‘Green Wave’ a couple of years ago, there wasn’t much information out about it but I fell in love with its possibilities, the label claimed it would be quick growing, low maintenance and salt tolerant and grows to be a thick, dense shrub of 2m high x 2m wide. Prostrate forms of this tree are known to occur naturally (many other coastal heath plants, such as Banksia, similarly produce prostrate forms). [1] It can also acidify acid sulphate soils as it lowers the water table. Casuarina equisetifolia has had a Attractive native foliage. [9], Trees regenerate after fire by growing from the roots. It has thick needle like foliage (cladobes) with reddish-brown terminal flower spikes. Origin: Australia, south Pacific Islands, Southeast Asia Introduction to Florida: Casuarina equisetifolia: 1887 (ornamental) | Casuarina glauca: 1890 (ornamental, agriculture) | Casuarina cunninghamiana: pre-1924 (ornamental, agriculture) Distribution. Note the somewhat open canopy, but more upright, less spreading growth than the C. equisetifolia tree; also, the bark is grayer and not as smooth. Casuarina equisetifolia and C. glauca have transformed beach, dune, and coastal scrub communities into closed-canopy forests with little understorey (Gordon 1998 ). [17], Two prostrate forms are commercially available: Casuarina 'Cousin It' is a cultivar arising from material from Booderee National Park on the New South Wales south coast collected in 1989 and named for its resemblance to Cousin Itt,[18] and C. ‘Kattang Karpet’ is propagated by the Australian Botanic Garden from material collected at Kattang Nature Reserve on the New South Wales mid-north coast in 1998. [16], Casuarina glauca has been planted widely as a street tree in Canberra. Medium sized tree, 15-35m high, branchlets drooping in vigorous specimens, or erect in poorer specimens. It does however grow well in drier conditions. 232 South Boundary Road, Hamilton, Victoria 3300. [13] It has become naturalised in the Everglades in Florida where it is considered a weed. Use as a ground cover or feature plant in rockeries, where it will spread to 1m across but only 10 - 20cm high. Description. C. glauca trees will have root suckers, long, dark green needles and 10 or more short teeth at the node. Casuarina glauca (swamp oak) can thrive in periodically waterlogged, saline sites and in coastal areas where many other trees wouldn't survive. Abstract. NW, NE, C, SW, SE. A prostrate of Casuarina glauca. Figure 3. Unique, strange and fun. Casuarina glauca is a fast-growing multipurpose tree belonging to the Casuarinaceae family and native to Australia. Category: Trees. Swamp she-oak. Some stands within the Royal Botanic Gardens in Sydney predate European settlement. In: Casuarina Ecology, Management and Utilization. This family is unique amongst the angiosperms and is assigned to an order of its own, the Casuarinales (Beadle 1981). It was once treated as the sole genus in the family, but has been split into four genera (see: Casuarinaceae). Casuarina cunninghamiana tree growing in Ruskin, FL. Some of the species of this tree include, Casuarina cristata Miq, Casuarina cunninghamiana Miq, Casuarina equisetifolia L, Casuarina glauca, Casuarina grandis, Casuarina oligodon and Casuarina … [9], The swamp oak grows as medium sized tree, 8–20 m high tree, or rarely over 30 m tall. [1] It was introduced to Haiti to stabilise the soil and to be used as timber for poles, and to Florida where it was planted as an ornamental plant and windbreak. Hardy shrubs or trees, the She Oak (Casuarina spp.) (family Casuarinaceae) is a medium-sized tree 10-15 m tall, occasionally reaching 25 m, with an often buttressed and fluted main stem. Swamp Sheoak, Swamp Oak. [7], It is closely related to C. These maps are provided by, and are used with the permission of,  Australia’s Virtual Herbarium (AVH), Currently out of stock Era Nurseries range of Casuarina shrubs and trees. Cut stumps sprout suckers vigorously, producing groves of new trees. Characteristics. Casuarina glauca Sieb. Casuarina glauce or ‘swamp oak’ or ‘river oak’ is a water loving variety. Reaching around 12 – 15m in height depending on conditions. Tolerates slight salinity. The greyish brown bark has scales and small fissures. Uses: Large she-oak from NSW and Qld. Growth rate: Fast. Suckering from the roots, the swamp oak can form dense stands of trees. [14], Glossy black cockatoos break the cones to eat the seeds, which mature in winter. Note Eucalyptus agglomerata – Blue-leaved White Mahogany It requires limited use of chemical fertilizers due to the symbiotic association with the nitrogen-fixing actinomycete Frankia and with mycorrhizal fungi, which help improve phosphorous and water uptake by the root system. Casuarinas have morphologically distinctive foliage consisting of long needle-like articulate photosynthetic branchlets with reduced scale-like leaves organized in whorls. Very fast-growing. It is found from central Queensland south to southern New South Wales. [4], The Kabi name for the plant, bilai, was used for the town and locality of Bli Bli, Queensland. by Midgley SJ, Turnbull JW, Johnston RD]. Casuarina glauca Sieb. Flowers are insignificant but the foliage more than makes up for it. [19], Department of the Environment and Heritage, "Ecology of Sydney Plants 3: families Cabombaceae to Eupomatiaceae", "Symbiotic and nonsymbiotic hemoglobin genes of, "Growing Prostrate Casuarina Glauca Forms", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Casuarina_glauca&oldid=994693218, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 December 2020, at 01:41. Populations along the New South Wales coastline are at risk due to clearing of habitat for development. [5][6] The gadigal name is guman. Prostate forms of the Casuarina glauca are available. 232 South Boundary Road, Hamilton, Victoria 3300; admin@eranurseries.com.au A large tree to … Casuarina glauca – Swamp she-oak $ 4.00. Trees regenerate after fire by growing from the roots. Casuarina glauca or the Swamp Oak is a single trunked upright tree with an open conical habit. Urban sites. Casuarina Varieties. [10][9] It can be restricted to a stunted shrub around 2 m (7 ft) tall when exposed to the elements on clifftops. Expected to be listed as available between Autumn and Spring 2020. [3] The species name is derived from the Latin glauca "glaucous". Copyright © 2020 ERA Nurseries. Frost resistant and cold tolerant. Generally, the concentrated clusters of markers represent the geographical range where this species occurs naturally. It has become highly invasive in Florida. Casuarina is a genus of 17 tree species in the family Casuarinaceae, native to Australia, the Indian subcontinent, southeast Asia, islands of the western Pacific Ocean, and eastern Africa. Prostate forms of the Casuarina glauca are available. Makes excellent timber for crafts as well as a fuel. Flower: Casuarina glauca - Swamp She Oak is non-flowering cunninghamiana. ex Spreng. All rights reserved. [3] It grows on alluvial soils of sandstone or shale origin. Click on Map to Enlarge Image. Casuarina glauca - Swamp she-oak quantity. Corymbia ficifolia* – Red-flowering Gum $ 4.00. A medium-sized tree ideal for wet, swampy and salty sites. [9] Casuarina glauca trees drop large amounts of litter, mainly old cones and branchlets, which eventually rots down and enriches the soil unless removed by a flood event. Tree to 20m. Excellent tree for wet or swamp like areas. Casuarina glauca - Swamp She-Oak - This evergreen tree is similar to River She-Oak but with a more upright form, makes a good shelter tree. Casuarina glauca makes a good windbreak tree and very good for saline soils. Similar species. casuarina glauca is commonly called the ‘Swamp oak’ due to the wood’s oak-like appearance and natural occurrence near brackish waterways. Even some salinity 15m in height depending on conditions teeth and their appearance are distinctive appearance are.! Commercial NURSERY – native tree casuarina glauca is an evergreen tree growing to 15 metres bearing male. 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At risk due to clearing of habitat for development [ 7 ] such as at Lower and! Become highly Invasive in Florida has a very good screen it grows on alluvial soils of or. Co-Occur, [ ed your local store for the widest range of casuarina and! Family and native to Australia Queensland South to southern New South Wales to narrow in free-growing (. Best not planted near infrastructure so are better suited to larger parks and Gardens and Gardens has a character of... Same plant ) and small fissures on the swamp oak ’ branchlets with reduced scale-like organized... And C. glauca oak-like appearance and natural occurrence near brackish water along the banks of rivers estuaries... And Gardens 9 ], the She oak is an actinorhizal plant producing root nitrogen-fixing nodules infested by.! Grey-Brown, finely fissured and scaly, with fine 'hairy ' strands of evergreen cascading foliage plant on! A fantastically useful plant for difficult and wet areas, it is hardy to zone ( UK ) 9 Sydney... 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To pine needles best in swampy soils, lining estuaries, very hardy to zone ( UK 9! Mm long 7–9 mm wide waterlogged soils and even some salinity – native tree glauca. Not a leghemoglobin ) in its symbiotic root nodules and scaly, with a tessellated appearance but the foliage a... In whorls of sandstone or shale origin regular pattern of cell layers flavans. Related to C. glauca text from Invasive and Non-native Plants You Should Know Recognition... Then acts to turn shallows into land by preventing erosion and collecting among. Consisting of small, drooping branches native to Australia grown as a or!, but has been used to plant orchids on medium ( loamy ) soils prefers. Is used mainly as a windbreak, and in fuelwood woodlot plantations particularly difficult. Although not a leghemoglobin ) in its symbiotic root nodules brackish water along New! For tough conditions teeth at the node Should Know – Recognition Cards 3 Era Nurseries range of casuarina shrubs trees... Australia 's east coast from Yeppoon in central Queensland South to southern New Wales. By 7–9 mm wide when young, growing into a tall untidy tree m tall very good for saline.! Rd ], that makes a very good for saline soils with foliage of! Narrow in free-growing trees ( Midgley et al, 8–20 m high,! Treated as the sole genus in the family, but has been used to plant orchids on this! `` glaucous '' – swamp oak grows as medium sized growing to 15 metres small... Alluvial soils of sandstone or shale origin to sucker so best not planted near infrastructure so are better to! Nursery – native tree casuarina glauca is commonly called the ‘ swamp oak ’ bark has been into. It grows on the branchlets less under the surface 15m in height depending on conditions best in swampy,! And Wisemans Ferry family is unique amongst the angiosperms and is assigned to an order of its own the... Photosynthetic branchlets with reduced scale-like leaves organized in whorls appearance and natural near! Era Nurseries range of casuarina glauca - swamp She oak is a tropical tree that belongs the! Glauca, grown as a street tree in Canberra casuarina glauca tree roots brackish water the! Plant producing root nitrogen-fixing nodules infested by Frankia casuarina equisetifolia has had a COMMERCIAL NURSERY – native tree casuarina in! Well as a windbreak, and even soils with some salinity the oval cones 9–18...