Treating soldiers injured by trench and gas warfare was a new challenge for these heroic women. The art exhibit, "The Second Battlefield: Nurses in the First World War," runs through March 6 at The National World War I Museum. 1916–ca. Well before the U.S. entered World War I, the War Department and its medical auxiliary, the American Red Cross, sought a carefully guided process to recruit nurses for a global cause – caring for sick, wounded and dying soldiers at home and abroad. The sounds of the battlefield could be heard in the nurses’ living quarters.5 An American nurse wrote a detailed description of her morning and nights on the front lines: Thousands of women also served in the U.S. Army Nurse Corps and the Navy Nurse Corps. 1959. Nurses of WWI worked from sun up to sun down, and barely got any sleep. “In his much-admired book published in 1975,” Baroness Williams of Crosby, the daughter of Voluntary Aid Detachment nurse Vera Brittain says, “The Great War and Modern Memory, the American literary critic and historian, Paul Fussell, wrote about the pervasive myths and legends of WW1, so powerful they became indistinguishable from fact in many minds. To start, there were only 403 nurses on duty when the U.S. entered World War 1 on April 6, 1917, and this included 170 reserve nurses. The Army and Navy Nurse Corps contributed 22,804 nurses to the war effort, serving at home, abroad, and on hospital and troop ships. Series number A1 27140, textual materials, 101 boxes. Helen Dore Boylston served in France with the first Harvard Unit, a U.S. medical team that treated more casualties than any other group of American doctors and nurses during the conflict. 28, including the role of nurses and doctors from the Kansas City area. During the latter part of World War I, many medical services for military personnel were provided by the American Red Cross and the 23,800 nurses who volunteered for service. However, this did not bother many nurses. Clara D. Noyes. Taking these nursing activities in their totality, Christine Hallett has every reason to conclude that WWI nurses emerged from their European tours as wound care practitioners, adding that, in the rushes that followed major battles, professional boundaries dissolved and their work merged with that of surgeons. Lenah Sutcliffe Higbee, chief of the Navy Nurse Corps, was the first woman to be awarded the Navy Cross, which is second only to the Medal of Honor. By June 1918, there were more than 3,000 American nurses in over 750 in British-run hospitals in France. ... By 1918, she’d been made chief nurse of the American Red Cross in France. 10 Greatest Nurses of World War I. Over 10,000 of these nurses were deployed overseas during the war. By the end of the war, 21,480 women served in the Army Nurse Corps rendering service “beyond expectations” at a time when women were not even allowed to vote. ARC ID: 649203.Records of the American National Red Cross, 1881–2008. July 13, 2012, zubair, Leave a comment. by Roger Noyes, Slingerlands, NY (rlnoyes@gmail.com).He is the great-great nephew of Clara D. Noyes. There is additional information available at the website project , Medicine in the First World War and Base Camp No. Famous Nurses in World War 1. From there, she was pulled back from the front-line to fill a vital administrative role in Paris, orchestrating the nursing service of the American Expeditionary Forces. 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