Ferns for Indoors Fern Type Plants. Depending on the type of species, ferns can live up to 100 years. See more ideas about types of ferns, plants, vascular plant. Photo: Plants World. Because this fern doesn’t get much higher than one foot tall or wide, you never have to worry about it taking over your home. They make a great plant to add interest to the back of your garden or they can be grown in the shade of your porch without any problems. No list of indoor types of fern houseplants is complete without mentioning the Boston fern. Linear Sori. With their elegant fronds and lush green coloring, ferns are some of the most sought-after houseplants around. Understanding how to care for ferns that you are growing outdoors will better your chances of these plants adding beauty and life to your yard. Some ferns grow in sun while others prefer shade. These ferns will not die back to the ground or die completely, which means that you will be able to enjoy the way that they look throughout the winter. They do not have any permanent woody structure that provides the shape of the fern throughout the winter. Additionally, since ferns like to have a little extra moisture when compared to other houseplants, keep them in a plastic pot instead of moving them to a clay pot, as this will help them to retain moisture. These taller ferns can easily reach higher than four feet in height and have two distinct types of fronds, making it fairly easy to tell this fern apart from others in your garden. They have large fronds that can be anywhere from four feet to twenty feet long, depending on whether or not the plant is located outside. Because this plant grows in large clumps and produces very tall and arching fronds, it is reminiscent of an ostrich’s tail features, from which it gets its name. If you have to repot fern plants, use an appropriate potting soil and a pot that provides side stability for the long fronds. Follow this types of ferns board!. A Boston fern is commonly used in hanging baskets to adorn porches. Offices can be a tricky plant for growing indoors. You will find these living out in nature everywhere in places like the Pacific Northwest in the United States. Although they’re found all over the globe, they’re usually found in four particular habitats such as moist, shady forests, crevices in rock faces that face away from the sun, acid wetlands, and tropical trees. They will thrive in wooden and moist areas of your garden, making them an ideal fern to plant if you want to improve the appearance of your shade garden. Holly Fern The large, green fronds around the outside of the plant are sterile, while the cinnamon-colored fronds that grow from the middle of the plant are fertile and plume-like. These ferns have very attractive feathery-like fronds that are soft and will add charm to your landscape or your home. Some semi-evergreen ferns will shed their foliage, but only for a very short time and they don’t experience the long dormant period that deciduous ferns do. Unlike evergreen ferns, deciduous ferns are going to lose their green every single year. They are a common sight in woods, as many species are shade tolerant and can grow year round, bringing some welcome green to cooler months. Do not place your fern in direct sunlight, as that can burn the plant, rather, keep them in indirect light so that they will still have enough energy to grow without being damaged. By cutting the fronds close to the bottom when needed, it’s easy to control these ferns. Outdoor ferns thrive best in partially shaded areas and those grown indoors flourish in bright light, provided they are not placed in the path of direct sunlight. By pruning back damaged fronds, getting rid of pests right away, and fertilizing your fern during its active growing season, you can make sure that your fern has everything it needs to survive and thrive indoors. Make sure that you use potting soil that will drain quickly so that the roots of the plant aren’t constantly damp. Related: Types of Polka Dot Plants | Types of Gas Plants | Types of Jade Plants | Types of Coastal Plants. The fronds have a crinkled or wrinkly appearance and may resemble seaweed. The number of species of ferns is spread out of the world. Trees woods and wildlife Because of this, they do look a little similar to palm trees to me, even though there isn’t a main stem on the plant. They have true roots, stems, and complex leaves and reproduce by spores. When you look for an evergreen fern that will be able to withstand droughts and snow without dying, it’s important that you choose one that can easily live in your area. Make sure that you mulch the fern regularly and water it during dry periods, especially if the fronds begin to droop or start to look a little dry. By planting an evergreen fern in your space, you will still be able to enjoy something green throughout the winter. There will be smaller fronds that will grow in your fern, which are the fertile fronds. Dappled sun that reaches the plants for … The hard fern (Blechnum spicant) and the shuttlecock fern (Matteuccia struthiopteris), are invaluable shade plants. Just like other plants, ferns have roots, stems, and leaves. They grow to be 1 to 3 feet high and have a plant spread of 1 to 2-1/2 feet. Royal ferns are very large and have interesting leaves on the fronds. Varieties of Fern Plants. This is a very distinct looking fern, and while it can be grown for some time in a pot as a houseplant, due to how quickly the fern grows, you will soon need to consider how you are going to transplant it. They can be planted close together in the garden to form a backdrop for other flowers or they will help to improve the appearance of swampy areas in your yard when planted a few feet apart from each other for the most possible impact. Ferns differ from seed plants in reproducing by spores and from bryophytes in that, like seed plants, they are Polysporangiophytes, their sporophytes branching and producing many sporangia. There are a number of species of these tree ferns such as the ‘Rough Tree fern (Alsophila australis), the ‘Lacy Tree fern’ (Sphaeropteris cooperi), or the ‘Soft Tree fern’ (Dicksonia antarctica). Ferns are vascular plants from the Pteridophyta division and have about 10,560 different species. There are additionally fern species that solely appeared roughly 145 million years in the past within the early Cretaceous interval. Lush, ancient and primitive, ferns are magnificent non-flowering plants that reproduce via spores. The Staghorn fern, unsurprisingly, derives its name from the antler-like fronds. Other names you may know this fern by are the sword fern and the ladder fern. This type of fern is a very popular houseplant and is enjoyed so much partially because of the interesting shape of the leaves and the way that the fronds hang and move. In the wild, bird’s nest ferns are epiphytic and will grow attached to other things, such as a building or a tree. Common types of asparagus ferns are foxtail ferns, plumosa ferns, and Sprengeri ferns. They vary in sizes from 2 to 3 milometers tall to 10 to 25 meters in height. Holly ferns can be grown indoors, but because they do so well in dark areas of your garden, they are often used outside in landscaping and gardens. Because the plant doesn’t need as much sunlight as other ferns, you can easily grow it inside without worrying about stunting its growth or causing it any damage. These ferns fall somewhere between deciduous and evergreen ferns in terms of how they grow. Paying tribute to this unique look, many people opt to mount their Staghorn ferns on the wall the same way you’d see mounted antlers in a hunting cabin. Cyrtomium falcatum is perennial plant. They've been hip throughout history, too—from the fern fever of the Victorian era to the 1970s plant craze to today's houseplant boom.. It’s important to understand how to take care of a fern inside your home so that it will last for as long as possible and will be healthy, which is a problem that many people have when they decide to grow an indoor fern. Fern Plant Information. Make sure that there is enough room for the plant to reach its full size, which can be up to six feet tall with a three-foot spread. Some types of ferns can live up to 100 years. It’s important that your Boston fern is in a cool location in your home and has plenty of indirect light and humidity for it to be able to thrive. Ferns are one of the oldest types of plants in existence, dating back over 350 million years. Identifying types of asparagus ferns can be confusing. Saved by Julie Scardina Alternatively, if you don't have the time for all that misting, the Bird Nest Fern is an ideal plant to keep in a home terrarium or glass bottle garden, these enclosed spaces create naturally moist and protective environments that many types of plants, including most ferns, will do well in. Of course, as with any fern, an overabundance of light will cause your fern to yellow and can eventually kill the entire plant. Your email address will not be published. Not only can they be grown on their own or in a container for extra impact, but they also make the great ground cover when you plant a number of maidenhair ferns close to each other in the same location. When the asparagus fern is happy and healthy, it will produce small red berries that can be planted to easily propagate the plant. There is a fern appropriate for every spot in your garden: sun, deep shade, wet or dry soils, rock gardens and even mounted on the trunks of trees. Normally displayed in a hanging basket on the porch in the summer and brought inside to improve the appearance and air quality of a home during the winter, the asparagus fern will provide the best foliage growth when it is placed in a shady spot. So, without further ado, let’s meet 20 wonderful types of ferns that you can grow indoors as houseplants or outdoors in your garden: 1. This fern may not, at first glance, even look like a fern, since the fronds are not airy and feathery, but rather thicker and look much more like elongated leaves than fronds. Asplenium nidus (Bird's Nest Fern) Asplenium nidus (Bird's Nest Fern) is an evergreen fern forming a remarkable rosette of broadly lance-shaped, glossy, bright green fronds adorned with contrasting dark midribs and wavy margins. Ferns (division Pteridophyta) are an ancient group of nonflowering vascular plants. It’s important to remember that ferns will not do well when they are exposed to very low temperatures for a long period of time. Japanese painted ferns love getting morning sun and need a very rich soil to grow well. Ferns can be found nearly worldwide and more than 9,000 extant species are known to science. This diverse plant family comes in an array of colors and textures, including delicate, lacy fronds and smooth, substantial foliage. The following is a list of some of the major fern When the asparagus fern is happy and healthy, it will produce small red berries that can be planted to easily propagate the plant. Like the sporophytes of seed plants, those of ferns consist of stems, leaves and roots. The most popular types of this fern are Polystichum lonchitis and Cyrtomium falcatum. In size alone they range from minute filmy plants only 2 to 3 milometers (0.08 to 0.12 inch) tall to huge tree ferns 10 to 25 meters (30 to 80 feet) in height. These graceful plants do not produce flowers, but grow dense fronds made up of leaflets. Ferns are among the oldest types of plants in the world. By hanging the plant on the wall in this way, you won’t have to worry about it outgrowing its pot or how you are going to provide the care that it needs. Fossil records trace back all the way to 360 million years ago during the late Devonian period. When you choose the right fern for your growing conditions, you will have a head start on your plant is able to survive for as long as possible. Your first step is to choose the right fern for your space. Aquarium Fern Types: 1. The delicate fronds of maidenhair ferns look lovely with blue hostas and purple coral bells. 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