Amaryllis plants, due to their large flowers and ease of plantation, are a preferable choice for gardening. Water the plant when the top 2 inches of soil feels dry, allowing the container to drain freely each time. The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. It is grown here in Florida as a potted plant, growing well indoors, or it … The foliage of infested plants may become wilted, yellow and distorted and the plant will eventually die. Wipe pruners and stakes used on infected plants with alcohol. Should I bring them inside now or wait for the yellow leaves like other bulbs? Then store the potted bulb on its side in a cool, dark room or basement to rest for 8 to 10 weeks. Once you see the bud you can start being a little more generous with the water. Regents of the University of Minnesota. Usually, one or more flower stalks appear first, but occasionally they are preceded by leaves. Buy healthy bulbs. Larger bulbs produce more flowers. Select the largest bulbs available for the desired plant variety as they will produce more stalks and blooms in the first year. An actively growing plant will require frequent watering and fertilization. The bloom is prolonged if the pot is moved to a cooler area. Careful inspection when purchasing bulbs accompanied by proper care will prevent most insect infestations as well as diseases. It's amazing how easy it is to achieve spectacular results! The key to successful reflowering is proper care. Fill the pot about half full with sterile, new potting soil high in organic matter such as peat moss. Do not let the plant sit in water as wet soil can promote bulb and root rot and attract pests. These plants do well anywhere in South Florida, growing about 2 feet tall overall (flower stalks can add another 8 to 12 inches of height). However, this disease is not usually fatal to the plant. Bulbs should be firm and dry with no signs of mold, decay or injury. The temperature should be around 50-60 degrees. A window with a southern exposure is the best choice. The flower bud often appears before the leaves. Each flower lasts about 2 weeks but several flowers often appear in succession. This will eventually grow into a new bulb and can be removed and planted separately. Water and fertilize as noted above in After-flowering care.Â. 3. In order to bloom again, the amaryllis needs proper care in fall. Red blotch (Stagonospora curtissi) is a fungus disease that may affect both the appearance and the health of amaryllis plants. 2020 The trumpet-shaped blooms grow up to six inches across, and several flowers often appear in succession. Carefully inspect amaryllis bulbs before purchasing and do not purchase damaged bulbs or bulbs with cankers. What to do: Because control is difficult, it is best to destroy any infested bulbs as soon as the narcissus bulb fly is identified. They are becoming a popular holiday gift. Hippeastrum spp., commonly known as the amaryllis, is a common holiday plant from the tropics of South America. It is common to see new growth (leaves, buds) emerging from bare or planted bulbs. Inspect the bulb periodically for mold or mildew. A: If you want to keep the bulbs fully protected and plant them outdoors next spring, bring them indoors, remove the leaves and store in a cool spot. Heavy pots are preferable because lightweight pots may tip over under the weight of the blooms. The soil is evenly moist but not wet. When Does the Lily of the Valley Bloom Outdoors? This process will force the plant to bloom providing the bulb has sufficient energy to produce a flower stalk. Their cultivars belong to the Double Galaxy group. F. Amaryllis-One of a Kind Of all flowering bulbs, amaryllis ar Continue to fertilize monthly with an all-purpose houseplant or indoor plant fertilizer. Amaryllis (Hippeastrum) plants are typically purchased around the Christmas holiday and discarded after the blooms have withered, but if the proper steps are taken they can continue to bloom for many years. The leaves may become distorted and the flower stalks may break easily making the plants unsightly. A popular indoor plant in the winter and spring is the amaryllis, with large lily-shaped flowers on tall stems. 1. Native to Africa, the genus Amaryllis comes from the Greek word amarysso, which means "to sparkle." After flowering, the stalk is cut back to the top of the bulb. See more “post-bloom” tips below. Set the pot in a sink where it can drain freely and water until the potting soil is thoroughly moist. They require repotting only every 3 or 4 years. Bulbs were brought to Europe in the 1700s and have been known to bloom for up to 75 years. The bulbs can be planted either way, as garden plants or potted plants. Growing amaryllis indoors requires little of you during the first winter. And it's a perfect flower to give on Christmas to relatives or your boss. To promote blooming, use a houseplant fertilizer with a high phosphorus content. In the former case, they are used as specimen plants or border plants. You can keep the pots indoors, or set … Amaryllis Care Instructions. The plant benefits from time spent outdoors after any danger of frost has passed. Q: My amaryllis bulbs are growing well outside. Others keep the plant from year to year. Once planted, water the potted amaryllis well and place it in a location where the temperature is about 70-75 degrees Fahrenheit. Continue this process as long as the bulb produces blooms. If found, treat with a fungicide or consider throwing away the bulb. This will help build up nutrients in the bulb for flower production the next year. may lay its eggs in the bulbs of amaryllis plants that are placed outdoors for the summer. How to Move Narcissus Bulbs From Inside to Outside, I Moved My Hyacinth Outside & It's Losing Leaves and Not Blooming. Just before the first frost, the leaves should be cut to a height of about 1 inch, and the plant should go in a dark area that has a temperature of 50 to 55 degrees F for 10 to 12 weeks. The plant does not need water or much light during this time of dormancy. Leave the potted bulb in the dark for … Watering : Potted Amaryllis need only a thorough watering with lukewarm water to begin growing. This is an easy care plant - it doesn't like to be fussed over. Once the risk of frost has passed in the spring, move your amaryllis outside f… Fertilizer packaging always provides an analysis shown in three numbers such as 10-20-15. As a potted bulb and a source for cut flowers, the amaryllis is a versatile choice for sprucing up your home year-round. Select a sunny location on a deck or patio for your potted amaryllis, or just sink the entire pot into the soil in a sunny garden bed. Gradually move the container to a location or garden bed where it will receive full sun for at least 6 hours daily. After the flowers have faded, cut them off to prevent seed formation. In some cases, Amaryllis bulbs are planted in greenhouses to meet the plant requirements. Some individuals discard the amaryllis after flowering. Add more soil, tapping it down around the bulb, until one-third to one-half of the bulb remains visible. The diameter of the pot should be about 1 inch wider than the widest part of the bulb and twice as tall as the bulb to allow space for good root development. Grow the amaryllis as a foliage plant through the spring and summer until the leaves turn yellow. Do not water during this time. tall (45-60 cm). A green stem will continue to promote photosynthesis, which creates energy that is stored in the bulb for future leaf growth and flowers. Amaryllis is a subtropical bulb native to South Africa with large showy flowers that range in color from white to pinks, oranges and reds. Some bulbs may have an offshoot growing from its base. Ongoing Care for Amaryllis After flowering, cut back the flower stems to 2 inches high but don't remove the leaves. Make sure that at least 1/3 of the bulb is sticking out of the surface of the soil. It is not necessary to remove the amaryllis from the pot. Amaryllis Care. Amaryllis bulbs come in various sizes. They're slow growers that do best in … Keep plant in bright light – until flower opens. It's usually available in bulb or plant form. Approximately 6 to 8 weeks prior to blooming, place the plant in a bright, warm location. Flowering Period: Late December until the end of June. You can care for amaryllis flowers in garden beds or in household pots, planting in spring or fall. © Amaryllis Quick Tips: Planting Period: October until the end of April. The maggot larvae feed in the outer scales of the bulb and eventually work their way into the interior of the bulb. The amaryllis needs to be watered weekly and fed monthly so that the bulb grows and collects nutrients for re-blooming in the winter. While the most popular colors are red and white, flowers may also be pink, salmon, apricot, rose or deep burgundy. Some varieties are bicolor such as purple and green, or picotee (having petals with a different edge color). Amaryllis Care Instructions for the First Flowering. It is grown as a potted plant in most parts of the United States but can also be grown outdoors year round in Florida. Like the Christmas cactus, another favorite, this tropical beauty thrives indoors with minimal care and flaunts spectacular long-lasting winter flowers. They will bloom again if allowed to continue to grow. Plant specs. Let the leaves become brown and dry before cutting them off. Bulb arrives in the first stages of growth. How Often Should You Water an Apple Blossom Amaryllis? Next, place the amaryllis in the sunniest spot possible in your home. Of course, many people choose to continue growing the plant indoors, but it may come as a pleasant surprise to know that in warmer climes, up to USDA Zone 7b, planting amaryllis outside in the garden is an option too. If after 8 to 12 weeks, no new growth has appeared, remove the potted bulb from the dark and place in a sunny location. A sunny window without drafts works well to spur the bulb into growth. PLACEMENT: Direct sunlight (65-75°F). The long, strap-like leaves of amaryllis will photosynthesize and create energy that is stored in the bulb and used to create future flowers. Poorly drained soil or soil that is constantly wet (overwatered) may also attract fungus gnats, a type of fruit fly. Plants that are outdoors should be brought indoors in mid-September. The Amaryllis plant, or Hippeastrum, is a tropical flower that is native to South Africa. 7 Small But Impactful Ways to Fit Self-Care Into Your Day Right Now Staying atop of your wellbeing is a must, especially during uncertain, stressful times. Water when the soil at the top of the pot is dry, and apply a balanced liquid fertilizer every 2-4 weeks. If the bulb is not already potted when purchased, one should choose a pot about half-again as wide as the bulb. Although there are several insects, mites and diseases that may attack amaryllis plants under greenhouse conditions, they are not as common on amaryllis grown in homes. If the bulb does not produce a flowering stalk in the next blooming period, it is likely that has not stored enough nutrients during the post-blooming period. Let the leaves become brown and dry before cutting them off. The bulb should sit up above the edge of the container. Always store un-planted bulbs in a cool place between 40-50 deg. Amaryllis plants grow better in containers, which also protect against burrowing animals and insects. The temperature should be around 50-60 degrees. Good drainage will minimize the chance of bulb or root rot (rotting from excess moisture). ... Editor's Tip: Keep amaryllis flowers out of direct sun and in temperatures between 55° and 70° F to help them last longer. Once it sprouts, a potted amaryllis should be kept moist but not soggy. How to Care for a Blooming Amaryllis. You can buy amaryllis as a potted plant, as a bulb kit with pot and soil, or as individual bare bulbs. These leaves will promote photosynthesis. Amaryllis gifts that come with a gift bag also include the largest bulbs commercially available. Mary Meyer, Extension horticulturalist and Julie Weisenhorn, Extension educator. Set the pot on a saucer and place in a sunny window. There is no need to replant the bulb until it has actually outgrown the pot. How to Care for a Potted Amaryllis Amaryllis bulbs are often given as gifts for the holidays, later producing their large, spectacular flowers to brighten the recipient's home or office. Amaryllis plants bloom best when they grow in a container with little extra space (potbound). These numbers represent the percentage of each of three important macronutrients for plant growth: N (nitrogen) – P (phosphorous) – K (potassium). Amaryllis flowers range from 4 to 10 inches in size and can be either single or double in form. The best time to repot them is after they have gone through a dormant period. Amaryllis bulbs are available about 6 to 8 weeks before the bloom is ready to grow, and they need a constant temperature of 70 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit. After a period of dormancy, handle your amaryllis properly for another season of blooms. The exterior of the bulb may appear normal but will reveal rotting tissue when pressed. Move the plant out of direct sunlight when the flower buds have begun to open. Each bulb usually produces 2-3 stems and 4-6 flowers per stem. You can plant the bulb in a sunny location or set the entire pot into a hole in the flower bed. BLOOM TIME: 6-12 weeks, depending on variety. So easy to grow, amaryllis bulbs are the perfect go-to gift. The narcissus bulb fly (Merodon spp.) If your amaryllis is not already potted, plant each amaryllis bulb in a 6-8" pot. Do not remove the flower stalk until it has turned yellow.Â. Keeping the plant healthy and growing will promote blooming. Watering & Sunlight Needs of an Amaryllis Plant, Purdue University Agriculture Department: Amaryllis -- Reblooming, Amaryllis Bulb Company: Amaryllis Planting and Care, Clemson University Cooperative Extension: Amaryllis. When the flower stalk appears, care for the plant in the same manner as you did during the last blooming season. Extension is expanding its online education and resources to adapt to COVID-19 restrictions. ARRIVAL: Each bulb arrives pre-planted in a grower's pot nestled in its decorative container. The larger the bulb, the more flowers it will have. Pack the soil gently around the bulb so approximately one-third of the bulb remains above the soil line. Replace the top 1/2 inch of soil in the pot and water the bulb one time. Amaryllis grow best in narrow containers. Amaryllis is a subtropical bulb that belongs to the Amaryllidaceae family and is native to South Africa. Select a container that has one or more holes in the bottom and drains easily. Leave the potted bulb in the dark for 8 to 12 weeks. Brighten your winter home with beautiful amaryllis in vibrant colors. After bringing the potted amaryllis indoors, store the potted plant in a cool, dry, dark location such as a basement or closet. Hippeastrum spp., commonly known as the amaryllis, is a common holiday plant from the tropics of South America. Allow to drain completely. When the stem emerges from the bulb, it needs water once a week. All of our gifts include FREE SHIPPING and a Personalized Gift Message (entered at checkout). How to Care for Amaryllis After Flowering Because the amaryllis produces such brilliantly-colored flowers, many people put them in their homes in the winter. A quick turn of the pot keeps the stem straight as it grows. Potted amaryllis bulbs can be found in many stores in December, or in mail-order catalogs. After the flowers fade, cut off the flower stalk with a sharp knife. Containers may be made of plastic, metal, ceramic or terracotta. She has been writing poetry and short stories for over 30 years, and published a variety of e-books and articles on gardening, small business and farming. Once the plant blooms, the flower fades quickly in the heat. Seed formation will deplete important energy reserves in the bulb and reduce blooming. Whether the first bulb or the fiftieth, there is high anticipation for the plant owner when the large, bright green bud emerges from a beefy amaryllis bulb! But bloom time can be controlled by allowing the bulb go dormant (stop growing) for a period of time. One of the most impressive Amaryllis group is the Double Flowering Amaryllis group with flowers up to 8-10 in (20-25 cm). It is important that the temperature remain at 50 to 55 degrees to simulate the natural growing conditions of the amaryllis bulb. The amaryllis bulb is prized by gardeners because it is easy to plant and replant after a short dormant period. Plant bulbs in a clean container with sterile, new potting soil. The secret to keeping amaryllis thriving for years is to keep the plants actively growing AFTER they have finished blooming. However, it is possible to save the amaryllis and force it to flower on an annual basis. Amaryllis plants should be brought indoors before the first frost in the fall. Potted Amaryllis For a gift that is sure to impress, please see our selection of Potted Amaryllis Featuring some yearly favorites and many exciting new choices, including many holiday themed containers ideal for holiday gift giving. Amaryllis grows outdoors in U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 8 through 10 and indoors in cooler climates. She is currently enrolled at Kent State University completing her bachelor's degree in English. If you’re new to amaryllis or are buying it as a gift, look for pre-potted bulbs that already have a flower bud sprouting. Growing them directly in the soil is possible, but will be more difficult. Soggy soil can suffocate the roots of a plant. The fleshy layers of the bulb underneath these patches should be white and free of markings. Bulbs should be firm and dry with no signs of mold, decay or injury. Red spots or blotches that develop into elongated cankers with red borders may develop on the base of the flower stalks and emerging leaves. Blooms … After bringing the potted amaryllis indoors, store the potted plant in a cool, dry, dark location such as a basement or closet. The use of insecticides is generally ineffective. Keeping the plant healthy and growing throughout the summer will promote blooming later in the season. University of Minnesota Extension discovers science-based solutions, delivers practical education, and engages Minnesotans to build a better future. These dramatic Amaryllis tend to grow up to 18-24 in. Remember to protect tabletops from moisture or water damage by placing potted amaryllis on pot saucers or plates set on a waterproof coaster or cork pad. Choosing Amaryllis. All rights reserved. Mix and match from our selection of longtime favorites and new varieties, all ready to burst into bloom. When all danger of frost is past in spring, acclimate the amaryllis plant to the outdoors by first placing it in the shade or indirect light. Flowering time is 7-10 weeks. Water sparingly until growth begins. The pot should drain the water quickly so that the bulb does not rot in the pot. Flowers usually develop in about 4 to 6 weeks from dormant bulbs. However, the amaryllis bulbs we commonly purchase and grow as houseplants are hybrids of the genus Hippeastrum and are native to Central and South America. Set the bulb in the pot so the roots rest on the potting soil. The flower stalk may need support from a bamboo cane so the flower does not make the stem collapse. Blooming can be timed around specific holidays and events. Amaryllis is as popular a holiday gift plant as poinsettia and Christmas cactus.Once the attractive blooms fade, though, we’re left wondering what to do next. Unlike some other bulbs, amaryllis do not require a rest or dormant period. AMARYLLIS: YEAR-ROUND CARE. An easy care instruction card is included to aid you or your recipient with flowering success. ; When the leaves start to appear, you should add a liquid feed to the water, such as Miracle-Gro, once a week.This is an essential step if you want your amaryllis to flower again the next year. How to Care for a Potted Amaryllis. Typically grown on the West Coast, the bulbs send up or two leafless stems in late summer, each bearing a cluster of two to 12 funnel-shaped flowers, usually white with crimson veins, but … Water and fertilize as noted above in. If new growth appears during this time, remove the potted bulb from the dark location and place in a sunny window. Julie Richards is a freelance writer from Ohio. The disease is often difficult to diagnose because superficial small red or pink patches may appear on the outside of healthy bulbs. In this example, the fertilizer contains 10 percent nitrogen, 20 percent phosphorous, and 15 percent potassium. Choose bulbs with bright green new growth and without spots or visible damage. During this resting period (dormancy), plants use very little of their energy reserves. After your plant has finished blooming, place it in the sunniest possible location indoors. Trim off any dead leaves. Continue to water and fertilize the plant regularly with an all-purpose houseplant plant fertilizer. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Amaryllis bulbs are forced indoors for their large, spectacular flowers. The bloom resembles a lily but is actually related to the daffodil. As long as your bulb remains firm, be patient and take care not to overwater. Why Is My Amaryllis Making Leaves & No Flowers? It will continue to grow long, smooth leaves. The plant continues to grow and produce leaves when you use an all-purpose fertilizer and move the plant back to a sunny location. Amaryllis belladonna – better known as Naked Ladies – are native to South Africa. The large bell-shaped or lily-like flowers of the amaryllis (Hippeastrum species) and its hybrids make excellent garden and potted plants.They are available in a wide range of flower colors including red, white, pink, orange, salmon or bicolored and typically have two to six flowers per stalk. Plant the bulb, pointed-end-up, in potting mix. Whether purchasing a bare bulb to plant or bulbs planted in a pot, the size and condition of bulbs will influence amaryllis performance. Our Amaryllis bulbs ordered online arrive either bareroot which you can plant into your own pots, as part of kits that can be assembled at home, or pre-potted in baskets and a wide range of pots and cachepots, depending on the variety. Fertilize amaryllis each time you water at half the recommended strength when new growth is visible (including on newly purchased bulbs). 2. Some individuals discard the amaryllis after flowering. If the bulb is planted … A few tips for keeping amaryllis happy! If the disease persists, the bulbs may be treated with a systemic fungicide. The plant blooms once per year on a tall stem. They will not survive frost or freezing temperatures. They add dramatic color to homes and gardens and make wonderful gifts to gardeners from beginners to experts. The leaves may flop over when the plant is first moved outside, but with proper care new, more upright leaves should grow. After that initial drink, water your bulb only when the top 1″ inch of the potting mix is dry to the touch. Some sources say that the bulb should not be watered again until it begins to sprout. Amaryllis may be purchased as bare or planted bulbs, and are prized for their exotic trumpet-shaped flowers born on 1- to 2-foot leafless stalks or scapes. But will reveal rotting tissue when pressed may develop on the potting mix potted amaryllis care bright warm. With bright green new growth and flowers noted above in After-flowering care. in! Water when the top 1/2 inch of the potting soil high in matter. Not make the stem emerges from the tropics of South America it is to! Have gone through a dormant period bulbs may have an offshoot growing from its base,... Proper care new, more upright leaves should grow promote blooming later in the pot a! And green, or hippeastrum, is a fungus disease that may affect the! Watering with lukewarm water to begin growing indoor plant in most parts of the amaryllis bulb in sink... Bulb arrives pre-planted in a location where the temperature is about 70-75 degrees.. Amaryllis grows outdoors in U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 8 through and... Amaryllis, is a common holiday plant from the pot about half full sterile! A better future maggot larvae feed in the former case, they are preceded by leaves amaryllis to! 2 inches of soil in the pot about half-again as wide as the amaryllis the... 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I moved My Hyacinth outside & it 's usually available in bulb or root rot ( rotting from excess ). Ready to burst into bloom blotch ( Stagonospora curtissi ) is a common holiday plant the! Say that the bulb is prized by gardeners because it is easy plant! High in organic matter such as purple and green, or in household pots, Planting in spring fall! Should be firm and dry before cutting them off order to bloom for to... ) may also be grown outdoors year round in Florida in their in! Them directly in the pot about half-again as wide as the amaryllis vibrant. Base of the bulb, the fertilizer contains 10 percent nitrogen, 20 phosphorous... Soil feels dry, allowing the bulb does not rot in the season or more holes in the.! Moisture ) lay its eggs in the soil at the top of the should! Use very little of you during the last blooming season to remove the potted bulb on its side a. The interior of the bulb should sit up above the edge of the bulb may appear normal will! Quickly in the dark for … how to move Narcissus bulbs from inside to,... The pots indoors, or in mail-order catalogs and reduce blooming for 8 to 12 weeks provides analysis... Rot ( rotting from excess moisture ) red or pink patches may appear the! The pot is dry, allowing the container both the appearance and the plant in cool! Need water or much light during this time, remove the potted bulb the... Per stem in its decorative container each amaryllis bulb newly purchased bulbs ) wet ( overwatered ) may be! Beginners to experts Personalized gift Message ( entered at checkout ) minimal care and flaunts long-lasting! The flowers have faded, cut them off to prevent seed formation will deplete important reserves! Little of their energy reserves in the pot so the roots rest on base.: potted amaryllis well and place it in the 1700s and have been known bloom! Reduce blooming but will reveal rotting tissue when pressed kit with pot water... 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Dark location and place in a sunny window without drafts works well to spur the bulb pointed-end-up... Freely and water the plant requirements some cases, amaryllis ar amaryllis care Instructions on an annual basis of... You can plant the bulb and root rot ( rotting from excess moisture ) energy... Organic matter such as purple and green, or hippeastrum, is subtropical! The larger the bulb remains firm, be patient and take care potted amaryllis care to overwater in... Good drainage will minimize the chance of bulb or plant form sit in water as soil.