Alligators are also ambush predators and will sometimes take on some pretty impressive prey. This type of hunting usually takes place at night so mistaken identity is a real possibility. Typically, alligators are afraid of humans, says Nell. Adult alligators are apex predators in their environment. TAMPA — A 3-foot alligator bit a girl Friday who was wading in a retention pond near a shopping mall here, rescue officials said.. American Alligator (Alligator mississippiensis) Our team periodically reviews articles in order to ensure content quality. Alligators will slink away to … Yet there are still a few creatures that rule their domain, even in America, and these are more than capable of making a meal out of the average human. There are two different types of alligator, and they vary in size. How long do alligators live? Time of day is also a factor in alligator attacks with dawn and dusk being prime times to avoid. Gators generally do not attack humans for a number of reasons, but mainly because we are simply too large for gators to deal with. It is possible for people to acquire ichthyosis from certain diseases or drugs. Alligators less than 4 feet in length are relocated, but larger individuals are killed and the hides and meat sold. Other symptoms of this condition include red eyelids, which are irritated by excessive dryness. His father and mother tried to rescue him; the father was attacked by a second alligator. On the plus side the odds are firmly on your side as the vast majority of alligator attacks do not result in serious injury and very few indeed are fatal. Punching the snout and gouging the eyes are likely to make the alligator thing twice. Ichthyosis vulgaris develops in as many as one out of 300 people, reports the Merck Online Medical Library. Copyright © 2020 Leaf Group Ltd., all rights reserved. Along with this, Alligators are much more strong and sleek than humans in the water. Leave alligators alone. Although we strive to deliver accurate and up-to-date information, no guarantee to that effect is made. Lamellar ichthyosis is a rare form of ichthyosis that first develops in newborns 2. According to FIRST, this condition is first apparent at birth and is characterized by rows of dark scales 2. Another Massive Alligator Takes a Stroll Across a Golf Course On Tuesday afternoon, officers responded to a 911 call from Lake Hunter in Lakeland, reporting an alligator eating a human body. Our small fingers are meant to hold objects rather than helping us swim in the water. Also, humans are not really on the menu. Not only is this easy enough to outrun (even without zig-zagging) but alligators are not known to chase down their prey if the initial ambush fails. Medscape. The skin on their back is armored with embedded bony plates called osteoderms or scutes. Unsurprisingly the two biggest killers are the saltwater crocodile and the Nile crocodile, but also on the list is the American alligator. Well, I think we have already answered that question. Lamellar ichthyosis is a rare form of ichthyosis that first develops in newborns 2. Both males and females have an \"armored\" body with a muscular, flat tail. It does not attack humans but apparently does feed on corpses set afloat in funeral ceremonies on the Ganges River. Alligators are considered nuisance if they are more than 4 feet long and are believed to pose a threat to people, pets or property. Other reasons for bites include aggression from mating males, or females protecting their nests. Keep an eye on your surroundings near fresh or brackish waters. Alligator attacks are very rare, even in Florida where there are plenty of gators and people. Like others in the croc family gators are armor-plated making it pretty hard to stop one with anything short of a hunting rifle. It is important to moisturize directly after bathing or showering. How fast can an alligator run? Serious and repeated attacks usually are made by alligators over 8 feet in length and are probably attributed to chase and feeding behavior. Larger specimens can be over 1,000 lb (450 kg) and 14 ft (4.4 m) long. You may have heard figures as high as 25 mph (40 km/h) thrown around but this would not be quite the whole story and a bit of an exaggeration. Fish-scale disease and common ichthyosis are two alternative names for the condition. Caimans have scaly skin, and live a fairly nocturnal existence. Ichthyosis vulgaris is the most common form of inherited ichthyosis. Take special care in places that are known to be home to these reptiles; this means definitely don’t swim and also avoid the water’s edge – alligators are ambush hunters and can lurk, unseen, just waiting for something or someone to come along. Comment document.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "a89f88697dfe56e1c84f6cebd73836c9" );document.getElementById("cc0e77c7ef").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Planet Deadly brings you well researched and informative articles on everything dangerous and potentially lethal from around the globe. Disturbing pic shows 8ft maneater alligator with a HUMAN BODY in its mouth in Florida. The American alligator’s jaws are amongst the most powerful on the planet. Smaller alligators usually bite only once; however, up to one third of attacks may involve repeated bites. Alligators can’t maintain that speed over longer distances because they get tired very quickly. But if an alligator has been fed by humans, they will be more likely to move toward humans and could potentially become aggressive. American alligators are found in the southeastern states – predominantly Florida and Louisiana but also in Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, the Carolinas and certain parts of Texas, Arkansas and Oklahoma. This is about the speed a good sprinter will max out at over a short distance but for a gator the only time they achieve this speed is when they lunge the first few feet to take their prey by surprise. The first is to ask yourself, “Am I in the southern states of the U.S.A. (or on the Yangtze river)?”. Fact Checked Alligator skin disease, technically known as ichthyosis, is a skin condition that causes scaling and flaking. The purpose of these teeth is to grip the prey and prevent it escaping. Although there is no cure for ichthyosis, taking special care of the skin can help to alleviate the flaking and dryness. Although it is difficult to work out the age of an alligator studies have shown that they live, on average, for between 30 and 50 years in the wild. Drugs, including nicotinic acid and butyrophenones, can also cause the condition. A full-grown alligator that is between 8 and 11 feet (2.4 and 3.4 meters) could weigh up to 1,000 pounds (453 kilograms) [source: Smithsonian National Zoological Park]. Obviously the alligator is in a different league to these giant crocs but the statistics don’t show the whole picture. Xeroderma is most likely to develop in middle-aged or elderly people, particularly in cold weather. There are some doubts as to the veracity of this claim and the next biggest alligator on record was discovered in Alabama and measured a whopping 15 ft (4.6 m) in length. Foundation for Ichthyosis & Related Skin Types. Caimans inhabit Mexico, Central and northern South America from marshes and swamps to mangrove rivers and lakes. While the majority of fatal attacks have been in the water, larger gators are known to hunt on land too. The World's Deadliest and most dangerous... November 1, 2016 by Chris Simons 2 Comments. The biggest ever recorded gator was caught off Marsh Island in Louisiana in the 1890s and measured an enormous 19 ft 2 ins (5.85 m). Ho ho! most of the differences are on the head. Your email address will not be published. In the water is the alligator’s natural domain and here you will have no chance of out-swimming one as they can hit a top speed of around 20 mph (30 km/h). Chinese alligators are smaller, growing to around 4.6 to 4.9 feet (1.4 to 1.5 m) long and usually weighing only around 50 lbs. 12-foot-long alligator strolls across South Carolina golf course, ignoring human onlookers The menacing reptile's jaunt was captures on video. Their favourite prey includes turtles, large fish (such as gar), birds and various mammals that share their habitat such as muskrat and coypu. X-linked ichthyosis is characterized by small, dark scales on the torso and limbs. In 2005, the Commission received more than 18,000 nuisance alligator complaints. Xeroderma is a very mild form of ichthyosis that can develop at any time. The Foundation for Ichthyosis & Related Skin Types (FIRST) reports that half of all patients have white spots in the corneas of their eyes, 20 percent of patients may have undescended testis and in rare cases, mental retardation may be present 2. The alligator has a broader U-shaped snout compared to the longer, thinner V-shaped snout of the croc. Ichthyosis vulgaris develops in as many as one out of 300 people, reports the Merck Online Medical Library. the spinning “death roll” manoeuvre on bigger prey to get control of it and also to tear it apart. There are several types of alligator skin diseases, ranging from mild to severe. I think the test is to look side-on at the croc/gator. Not only have dogs been taken this way but black bears and Florida panthers too. Any alligator measuring over 6 ft (2m) in length is a potential danger to humans, particularly in the water where they are firmly in charge. These are lined with between 74 and 80 conical teeth each measuring up to an inch (2.5 cm) in length. However, this speed applies to healthy animals and short distances only. A study by Dr Greg Erickson of Florida State University in 2005 measuring the bite force of an American alligator resulted in the most powerful bite ever recorded. Strangely enough it seems that a fair few of these big carnivores are found in the number one retirement state. An alligator's … While there are treatments for the condition, there is no cure. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in English from University of Texas at Arlington and has specialized in new media writing for more than a decade. X-linked ichthyosis is another inherited form of ichthyosis. They learn through repetition and recognition. There are reckoned to be over a million alligators in Florida alone. However, more serious cases may require special ointments from a dermatologist. Generally speaking alligators are afraid of humans having been hunted for centuries up to the point they were almost wiped out. In fact, alligator gar in the wild have reached up to 350 pounds and 10 feet long. One you’ll see in a while and the other you’ll see later! If a meal presents itself to a gator, or it’s hungry enough it may well have a go, even if that meal happens to be human. They’re after an easy meal so anything to prevent this will go in your favor. All this serves to immobilize the prey but the killing usually occurs by drowning. According to the Merck Online Medical Library, ichthyosis is sometimes an early symptom of systemic diseases like leprosy, hypothyroidism, lymphoma and AIDS. Prolonged labor is prevalent among mothers who give birth to sons with x-linked ichthyosis. Eighty to 90 percent of the hatchlings will end up being eaten by a bird, raccoon, otter, snake or mature gator. Alligators seldom bite people unless they are looking for food. When the officers arrived, they saw the eight-foot alligator release the body and circle the area for approximately an hour. While smaller gators, four feet or less in length typically pose little threat. The oldest alligator in captivity in over 76 years old and lives in a zoo in Siberia. At Healthfully, we strive to deliver objective content that is accurate and up-to-date. An alligator can live for more than 50 years in captivity. There are several types of alligator skin diseases, ranging from mild to severe. For comparison, the fastest humans running at world-record times in a 100 meter dash, are running about 20 MPH (32 KPH), but a typical adult human is no faster than an alligator. This means the Chinese alligator is little threat to people, and from here on we will only talk about the American alligator. Mild itching on the lower legs is the most common form of xeroderma and it may be accompanied by a form of contact dermatitis. The alligator’s primary killing equipment are its jaws. The fearsome predator is being hunted after police saw … A lifelong condition, those with lamellar ichthyosis are susceptible to skin infections and may be intolerant to heat. Alligators have a long, rounded snout that has upward facing nostrils at the end; this allows breathing to occur while the rest of the body is underwater. There are quite a few myths and some confusion about how fast alligators can move on land. It may also make the gator adjust its grip at which point you may have an opportunity to make your escape. It is an inherited condition that causes the development of large, dark scales on most of the body. Alligators are not generally aggressive toward humans, but aberrant behavior may occur. Like their cousins, the crocs, alligators will use. The name alligator is believed to have come from the early Spanish explorers of America who named these enormous reptiles “el legarto” meaning “big lizard“. Another characteristic of epidermolytic hyperkeratosis is sparse hair and thick nails. There are actually two living species of alligators; the Chinese alligator (A. sinensis) and the American alligator (A. mississippiensis). The average American alligator is 13 feet long and weighs 790 pounds, but large specimens over 14 feet long and 990 pounds occur. Alligator skin disease, technically known as ichthyosis, is a skin condition that causes scaling and flaking. The sources cited below consist of evidence from peer-reviewed journals, prominent medical organizations, academic associations, and government data. Alligator Facts The American alligator (alligator mississimus), also known as the Alligator snake, is an enormous, heavy-chested, tough, leather-covered, rough-textured, saltwater crowd animal with powerful arms and strong neck and large shoulders which can reach almost 16 ft long. "Types of Ichthyosis." With an average size of 8.2 ft (2.6 m) for females and 11.2 ft (3.4 m) for males, the majority of gators are easily capable of taking on an adult human. They have four short legs; the front legs have five toes while the back legs have only four toes. Not sure if this method is 100% accurate either. Mild cases may be alleviated with a simple over-the-counter moisturizing cream. 11 Jul 2008, Hereditary and Acquired Ichthyosis Vulgaris. If you feed an alligator, then the alligator will associate humans with food. Soaps that dry out the skin should also be avoided. Given the proximity of large numbers of people to these animals it just goes to show that on the whole they really just aren’t that interested in eating us. I’m seeing uppers and lowers. However, it is the case that this predation may go both ways. Even though alligators are huge and cold-blooded, they can be quite fast, with a top speed of 11 MPH (17 KPH) over short distances. Alligators have webbed feet which help them to propel in the water much quicker. Firstly, alligators will defend their nest if they think their young are in danger. Cases involving kayakers are rare, but not unheard of. Those with severe scaling from ichthyosis should be under the care of a physician who can monitor the condition and prescribe medication accordingly. Your email address will not be published. Symptoms of acquired ichthyosis range from small scales around the trunk and legs to thick scales all over the body. Simpson has written and edited content for outlets such as 4Kids Entertainment, Discovery Channel, FOX Television and MSN. The tail is virtually solid muscle and this is where it generates its power. All cases of ichthyosis should be treated with moisturizers. X-linked ichthyosis is another inherited form of ichthyosis. Babies with lamellar ichthyosis are sometimes known as "collodial babies." The shape of the snout is also often a clue. While the face and palms are usually free of scales, x-linked ichthyosis is associated with several other conditions. The 13ft (4 m) wild gator gave a bite power measurement of nearly 3,000 psi – that’s 3 times the strength of a bone-crushing hyena bite. Some patients with ichthyosis see improvement when showers and baths are limited. If in the unlikely event you do get attacked you need to make life as difficult as possible for the gator. The information contained on this site is for informational purposes only, and should not be used as a substitute for the advice of a professional health care provider. Amy Simpson is a copywriter, editor and blogger. Within their range alligators will live practically anywhere there is water, except the sea. But I have a question. X-linked ichthyosis is characterized by small, dark scales on the torso and limbs. Normally, alligators will avoid humans. On average alligators weigh around 790 lb (360 kg) and measure 13 ft (4m) in length. Given the numbers and proximity of alligators to human populations there are bound to be encounters between species. Alligators that are larger than six feet pose the greatest threat to humans and pets. It is not inherited or associated with any physical abnormalities, According to the Merck Online Medical Library. Around 60% of Nile crocodile attacks are fatal but only 5% of alligator attacks are deadly. The young have brigh… In fact over recent years there has been an average of one fatality a year. Mild itching on the lower legs is the most common form of xeroderma and it may be accompanied by a form of contact dermatitis. It is said that wherever there is water in Florida there is a chance there are gators. Nuisance alligator trappers were issued more than 15,000 permits and tags and removed more than 7,700 nuisance alligators. Whilst the record was surpassed by a 17 ft (5.5 m) saltwater croc in 2012 with a reading of 3,700 psi this is still an awesomely powerful bite. The disease can develop early in childhood, sometimes before the age of 4, according to the MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia 1. Another characteristic of epidermolytic hyperkeratosis is sparse hair and thick nails. Inherited forms of ichthyosis are the most serious types of alligator skin disease and can leave a person greatly disfigured. These are found in every one of Florida’s 67 counties along with smaller numbers in neighbouring states. If the answer is no then you are almost certainly not looking at an alligator. Description. I learned some stuff. Please check with the appropriate physician regarding health questions and concerns. (22.7 kg). It affects only males, although females can carry the gene that causes x-linked ichthyosis. Alligators are shy animals that usually avoid human contact. Florida has them all; black bears, cougars, tiger & bull sharks, crocodiles and alligators. Other names for this condition are steroid sulfatase deficiency and recessive x-linked ichthyosis. Required fields are marked *. An alligator is able to outrun all human creatures within the first 20-30 feet of exiting the water – making it very difficult for humans to outrun alligators It is difficult to spot an alligator in the water or on land if it’s in a secluded area To a large extent man is master of his environment and the likelihood of being attacked, let alone eaten, by a wild animal is pretty slim. (The alligator responsible for the recent fatality had an estimated size of 4 to 7 feet.) So, the alligator is a finely honed killing machine. This form of attack requires massive power and the alligator has plenty of that. Layers of this scaly skin will continuously flake and fall off. There are several reasons why an alligator might attack a human. The gator in the photo is front-on. An alligator has five toes on its front feet and four webbed toes on its back feet which help it swim. 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